The 1st UPI International Conference on Sociology Education (UPI ICSE 2015)
Monday, October 12,2015
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List of abstracts


Television Habit and Children Perceived Reality, What The Evidences Show?
S.W. Herieningsih, Nurist Surayya, Tandiyo Pradekso

Compare to many other media available to today’s children, previous research showed television is still the most widely consumed media among Indonesian children. Watching television still become apart of daily routines among children, either as a separate activity or as activity that can be done together with other activities, such as eating or playing their toys. Meanwhile, as mentioned in the cultivation theory, people who watch “too much” television are predicted to show an increasing difference in their perception of reality, which tend to be on the reality of the "established" television display than the actual reality. This vulnerability can be greater in children, especially due to their cognitive development. They may have limited capability of differentiate realities and TV portrayals. Thus, through various images of life, models of behavior and many symbolic reward-punishment portrayals as displayed in television screen, children may easily adopt stereotype, distorted and selective realities as shown schematically in TV shows. Based on research toward 213 children under 12 years old, this paper describes the effect of television viewing habit on children’s perception of reality.Compare to many other media available to today’s children, previous research showed television is still the most widely consumed media among Indonesian children. Watching television still become apart of daily routines among children, either as a separate activity or as activity that can be done together with other activities, such as eating or playing their toys. Meanwhile, as mentioned in the cultivation theory, people who watch “too much” television are predicted to show an increasing difference in their perception of reality, which tend to be on the reality of the "established" television display than the actual reality. This vulnerability can be greater in children, especially due to their cognitive development. They may have limited capability of differentiate realities and TV portrayals. Thus, through various images of life, models of behavior and many symbolic reward-punishment portrayals as displayed in television screen, children may easily adopt stereotype, distorted and selective realities as shown schematically in TV shows. Based on research toward 240 children under 12 years old, this paper describes the effect of television viewing habit on children’s perception of reality.

Topic: Child, Youth and Old Age


Participation of Surakarta Children Forum in Development Planning Deliberation : Between Bureaucratic Formalism and Human Governance
Sri Yuliani, Rahesli Humsona, Rina Herlina Haryanti

This qualitative study aimed to describe how the bureaucratic formalism becomes a factor inhibiting the participation of Surakarta Children forum to be able to function optimally in the development planning process. Children forum is an association of young people deliberately set up as a medium for children's participation in the development planning process. On the one hand, the Children forum is a reflection of public administration paradigm that respects the rights of children (Human Governance), but on the other hand the bureaucratic formalism actually being an obstacle in this paradigm implementation. Using data from Surakarta Children forum and Badan Perencanaan Daerah Kota Surakarta (Regional Planning Agency of Surakarta City), this research addressed two questions: firstly, could the Surakarta Children Forum serve as a means of giving a voice to children in the development planning?; secondly, how far does bureaucratic formalism affect the quality of children’s participation's Forum in Development Planning Meeting?

Topic: Child, Youth and Old Age


Quality of Life Youth Dropout Bourdiue Social Analysis on Youth Dropout Case Period 2008 - 2012 in Kelurahan Kenanga, Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan, Deli Serdang, Sumatera Utara.
Linda Elida

The absence of regulation certainly in Indonesia governing compulsory school age to 12 years into one of the openings for a number of junior high school graduates teens not to proceed to senior high school education. Dropout in urban areas generally fill the next day as unemployed or working odd jobs in a variety of informal sector employment. The condition is of course quite alarming because it may affect the quality of life and life in the future. Moreover, in the year 2020-2030 is predicted demographic Indonesia will face a demographic bonus which the productive age beyond the age of non-productive. Dropout that existed at this time to be part of a demographic bonus that is expected to improve the quality of life of the Indonesian people. But with the lack of education and skills, they can drop out teenagers is expected to be a bonus that will uplift the life of the nation. Or whether in fact they are a burden and a threat given the lack of education correlates with poverty and allowing for the criminalization and radicalization that endanger public life of the nation of Indonesia. Figures dropout in Kelurahan Kenanga, Percut Sei Tuan, Deli Serdang in the period 2008-2012 amounted to 150 people. Currently (2015) based on a survey while their status as unemployed or working in the informal sector as a worker, employee or trade, there is no social mobility vertically or horizontally from the aspect of family background. According to Bourdieu education is a process of re-creation of social domination that have been there before. Education closed the door for people who do not have a habitus and capital as learners. And those who denied this was generally come from lower economic class that does not have a habitus and capital to learn academically. This paper aims to analyze the social habitus, capital and arenas that surround the lives of teenagers dropping out of school in Kelurahan Kenanga, Kecamatan Percut Sei Tuan, Deli Serdang, Sumatera Utara.

Topic: Child, Youth and Old Age


Dra. Sri Yuliani, M.Si; Dra. Rahesli Humsona, M.Si; Dr. Rina Herlina Haryanti, S.Sos, M.Si

Sustainable development is development that is done by involving all stakeholders component of various generations, including children. In order to meet the development of childrens rights, the government issued Surakarta . Surakarta Regulation No. 18-A of 2012 on Guidelines for the Implementation and Technical Implementation Guidelines Development Planning Meeting Surakarta 2013. This regulation mandates the participation of children in the Development Planning Meeting. This study analyzes the existence of the Childrens Forum Musrebang in Surakarta using the approach of politics and sociology. Theory analysis using the framework of typologies of social capital in political dimensions. Forum is expected to elaborate on the child into two approaches can be obtained a full picture of the existence of Surakarta Childrens Forum in an effort to produce a generation of democratic development.
This study uses qualitative research methods to the type of case studies. Data collection techniques using participant observation, interviews and refer to the document. Informants amounted to 15 children from various Childrens Forum in several villages in Surakarta, 3 staff Bappeda and 3 community leaders with the validity of the data using triangulation data. This study analyzed using an interactive model analysis techniques within a span of 7 months.
The results showed that the Childrens Forum Surakarta is an educational strategy for democracy to build bridging social capital. Children Forum Surakarta produce a typology of the community of children which is open, has a network that is more flexible, tolerant, have a lot alternative answers and problem solving, accommodating to accept change, altruistic , humanistic and universal.

Topic: Child, Youth and Old Age


Understanding of Teenager User of Prostitution About Values of Local Wisdom in Social Relations (Study in Surakarta)
Rahesli Humsonaa* MahendraWijayaa Sri Yuliania Jefta Leiboa

The purpose of this study was to identify the user adolescent age range, socio-economic background, the group played as a peer group, as well as his understanding of the values of local wisdom in social relations. This study is important, because sexual relationships in adolescence will be more at risk of reproductive health. Group membership theory of Robert K Merton used to understand the behavior of juvenile prostitution. While research method used is descriptive qualitative, to understand the phenomenon in depth. Sampling with purposive sampling, collecting data through observation and in-depth interviews. Data analysis with interactive models and validity of the data using triangulation of sources and methods.
The research found that prostitution in Surakarta is growing both in terms of location, shape and characteristics of the perpetrator community. Users who initially most adults, is increasingly lower age, between 12 and 19 years. They come from the lower economic class to upper class. Using the theory of group membership can be concluded that, juvenile prostitution users are in a permissive social groups against the norm. The values of social relations that they understand is the value of mutual exchanges, avoiding competition and avoid conflict.

Topic: Child, Youth and Old Age


Viena Rusmiati Hasanah, Jajat S Ardiwinata, Elih Sudiapermana

This study aimed to analyze the determinant factors forming the character of the youth in religious values-based training. The result is expected to be input in the formation of draft training model based on religious values that can be used as a reference for application in a wide range of implementing agencies for the training of the youth, especially in developing basic competence in building the character of the youth. This study was developed based on a number of issues: first, the phenomenon of the crisis of character, especially youth groups caused by many things, including the unpreparedness of the group in the face of globalization which has implications for social change that is more massive and very fast; second, the existence of institutional education and training for youth is very significant in shaping the character; third, difficult to find a prototype of modeling standard training in shaping the character of youth. This research applies qualitative method through in-depth exploration and analysis of data through observation, interview and discuss group forum.
The products of this study hopfully can be forming a conceptual model based training of religious values in shaping the character of the youth as one of the findings of technology (social engenering) in the framework of community empowerment.

Topic: Child, Youth and Old Age


Gaining Leisure in The Pursuit of Leisure
Rosita, M.A.

Mudik, which means traveling back home ahead of the Idul Fitri celebration, is a very unique annual tradition engrained in Indonesian culture. This “traveling back home” journey is usually expensive, but most of them are willing to spend a lot of money or even their savings to be able to have this trip. It is also extensive and exhaustive, involving long queues and traffic jams, but still it is likely considered as a part of leisure of the journey. From several blogs in the internet narrating about this “traveling Back home” experience, 10 blogs are picked based on variation of the experiences narrated, and they are finally concluded into 5 catagories of what considered as leisure of the journey. They are 1) Traveling with the whole family, 2) Traveling through many cities and villages, 3) Interaction with new people traveling the same journey, 4) Enjoying culinary from specific region, 5) Being part of millions of people traveling the same journey. Those 5 categories are asked through a survey on 100 respondents. Traveling with the whole family and Interaction with new people traveling the same journey are the 2 top answers. This result shows that gaining leisure in the pursuit of leisure is possible to happen. Since less attention has focused on the perception of the experience as leisure, this study aims to discuss it more deeply.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Fitri Rahmafitria, Ghoitsa Rohmah Nurazizah

Lots of community empowerment programs in tourism development has been done in order to improve the social welfare and also improve the maintaining quality of physical, social and cultural environment. Unfortunately, community empowerment often deals with a lot of problems, partly due to the lack of insight of society about the importance of sustainable tourism management. The sustainable tourism management took longer times, tight commitment, and indirect economic benefits, while the community often only would involved in the activities that closely linked to the direct economic benefits on improving their economic condition.
This research was conducted to analyze the relationship between the public insight on sustainable tourism (X) with their participation in environmental preservation activities (Y). People who have a good insight expected to participate in voluntary environmental preservation activities.
Some theories stated that a persons knowledge and perceptions will influence their motivation and actions. This research was conducted in the Ciwidey District, Bandung Regency as a specific region for tourism activity under the Bandung Regency Spatial Policy. This area has many natural attractions, which are located adjacent to population centers. These results indicate that there is a significant positive correlation between the variable of Public Insights on Sustainable Tourism (X) with Public Participation in Environmental Preservation Activity (Y). The Pearson correlation test resulted in α = 0.02 <0.05. It can be interpreted that the higher the public insight the higher the level of community participation in environmental preservation activities.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Academic Skills is a Certain Requarement in The Content of Student Leaderhsip Training
Muhamad Iqbal

Student activity in area of Indonesia university of education in particular of faculty of social science education, was take place a long time ago. That matter need deep study with concern of the contribution student association in that faculty toward a building academic character of new students. Base on fact about training leadership in students association in Faculty of social science education is more focus on content leadership and organization skills. While, lacking stability academic skills. That conditions can promote every new students in this faculty trapped into the two choices. fist, they are can active in daily activities as academician without organization activities. Second, they are can active in organization activities with unstable of academic goals. This focus research is to find out is that any academic training schedule in training leadership to make academic capability. According to that reason can answer how can a new student to have problem solve any academic task. Hopefully can eliminate the bad assumption about the organizational is lack competent of academic skill, or blaming the victim of academic activities is the primary cause of failure organizational activity. In the era of global competition, to be come a success person must have capabilities either academic or organisation skills

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Development Pattern of Creative Economy Based Rural Tourism In Cikole Village, West Bandung Regency
Sri Marhanah, MM & Erry Sukriah, MSE

Community Based Tourism (CBT) is the most suitable tourism developing concept with the condition of local cummunity. There are three tourism activities that supporting the CBT concept, which are : Adventure travel, Cultural Tourism, and Eco-Tourism. The CBT concept can also be applied in Cikole Village. Cikole Village has a potential such as natural attractions, culture, and also potential in creative economy industry. As we can see nowadays most of the community in Cikole Village work as a farmer, stock farmer, and the people who work in creative economy industry. Even from the data which collected from Cikole Village’s Goverment Office, about 1100 people work as a merchant in the tourist attraction,which is Tangkuban Perahu. The purpose of this research is to identify the potential of tourist attractions that based creative economy, and then to analyze how ready the Cikole Village as a rural tourism based creative economy, and the last to developing the development pattern of rural tourism based creative economy in Cikole Village. The result of this research is about potential which based creative economy on Cikole Village such as : a) Bamboo Crafts; b) Beads Crafts; c) Sisingaan Crafts; and d) An Art Showcase. Talking about the readiness of facilities in Cikole Village as rural tourism based creative economy; the facilities that provided in Cikole Village is all ready to become a rural tourism; likewise for the materials and the local community is all ready with the rural tourism activities. The development pattern which could be done to form Cikole Village as a rural tourism based creative economy such as : a) Strengthen the physical form of a village; b) Preparation and provision place to stay (home stay) which of course selected based on characteristic architecture of a village building; c) Provide a workshop and souvenir booth of Cikole Village’s crafts; d) Create a map and also an accessibility route in rural tourism activities so tourists can be clear educated when they come and visit to the Cikole Village.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Leni Winarni

Radicalism is complicated rather than only labeled as extremely behavior or left ideology. Therefore, research on radicalism after September 11th mainly focus in Islam radicalism, though history of radicalism tradition existed in the decades ago, which some of them not only concerning to religion but also political and social occurrences. In Indonesia, radicalism could not separated from historical context. Some of evidence had showed that Islam radicalism movement existed in the colonial era or possibly earlier than that. Nevertheless, the purpose of this paper not focuses on Islam radicalism as social phenomenon, but attempting to explore another perspective to observing alert communities as social movement to prevent the spread of radicalism in Sukoharjo, which related to one of embryo of radicalism in Indonesia. However, religious radicalism cannot only be combated with tolerance, but with the independence of the public to resist such understanding. It is assumed effective way to prevent the spread of extreme religious radicalism that could threaten the diversity of Indonesia.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


The Effect of National Identity, Cosmopolitanism and Ethnocentrism on Purchase Behavior of domestics and foreign products.
Dr. Ratih Hurriyati; Lisnawati

Asean Economic Community as a form of Asian regional economic cooperation, make ASEAN as a single market and production base, where there is a flow of goods, services, investment and skilled labor are large and capital flows more freely. Indonesias readiness in facing the free trade must be anticipated considering Indonesia consumerist society became one of the government in tackling anticipation customer purchasing decisions who prefer foreign products than domestic products.
Consumer behavior is the underlying attitude of consumers to make better purchasing decisions of products in domestic or foreign products, consumer behavior in choosing the products in the country or abroad is influenced by many aspects of which are national identity and cosmopolitanism thus forming consumer ethnocentrism. National identity relates to how an individual is aware of his status as a citizen and has been linked emotionally with the country, whereas cosmopolitanism relates to how the individual sees himself as part of a global world.
This research is qualitative, the research method used is descriptive method, The population in this study is a citizen of Indonesia in the western, central and eastern as many as 300 respondents. Data collection techniques used were interviews, questionnaires, and documentation, while the data analysis technique used is Structure Equation Model. The results showed that the model attitude of Indonesian citizens about national identity and cosmopolitanism thus forming etnocentrism can be integrated to the measurement of purchase behavior of domestic products and purchase behavior of foreign products.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Customer Delight Strategy in Hotel Industry
Dr. Lili Adi Wibowo, MM & Judi Januarita Pratiwi Ekaputri, S.Par

Low customer loyalty is a significant issue in hotel industry. Every hotel faces the same problem that is to keep their customers loyal. It is important since the customers are assets for the hotels. Therefore, retaining customers, which is easier and cheaper, should give some more importance than acquiring new ones. It is not an easy job when there is competition between hotels trying to keep their customers loyal. Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel is one of the hotels facing the low customer loyalty problem. Thus, this research aims to know the influence of good service to customer loyalty. This research employs descriptive and verifiable method and examines 100 hotel customers by employing Partial Least Square Methode (PLS) analysis technic. The results show that customer delight strategy has a significant contribution to customer loyalty. The most important factor contributing to the customer loyalty is trust that is needed to build a strong relationship between hotel and its customers. Meanwhile, justice becomes a factor that gives low contribution to loyalty. This aspect must be improved by providing fair treatment for the customers who stay and do transaction at the hotels.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Fitri Ramdhani Harahap

Small scale mining has given positive contribution to Bangka Belitung Province and its people, particularly in Belinyu Subdistrict. However, its negative impact is bigger than its positive impact. As the consequence, local government issued certain policy for illegal Small scale mining. It is aimed to stop all activities of Small scale mining. However, the effort made by government and police do not reduce significantly tin mining activities. Moreover, the illegal tin mining is still running and even increased up until now.
The aim of this research is to describe the form of resistance strategies of Small scale miners in facing local government and police officers inspections in Belinyu Subdistrict, Bangka District, Bangka Belitung Province.
Qualitative research method was used to answer research questions particularly for gathering and analyzing data. Research instrument used in this study was the researcher herself aided by recording device and fieldnote. Informants of the research were selected by using purposive sampling. Data gathering technique used was in depth-interview and documentation study.
The theory of Structuration proposed by Anthony Giddens was used in the research. The analysis was from integrated perspective both micro and macro. Micro perspective states how agent, e.i. Small scale miner seen as skillful and knowledgeable subject in choosing resistance strategy. Meanwhile, macro perspective states how Small scale miners make use the structure e.i. resources such as network and social organization in their social system.
The research finding shows that tin miners choose illegal tin mining with several strategies; first, by using organization, second, by monitoring local government and police officer inspection, third by avoiding the inspection and the last by concentrating the tin mining activities in one mining region.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


Strategy Customer Delight in Hotel
Judi Januarita Pratiwi Ekaputri, S.Par & Dr. Lili Adi Wibowo, MM.

Hotel guest loyalty become a major issue in the hospitality industry. Every company which, doing business at hospitality industry have to face the same problem, that is how to make the hotel guests loyal. The tight competition that occur in hosptality industry of Indonesia makes it more difficult for the company to maintain his guests. Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel is one of company that have to face the weak of guests loyalty problem. Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel as one of the five stars hotels in Bandung, always makes effort to maintain and improve all aspects related to the main purpose of the company, specifically is get a loyal guest. The purpose will be reach by providing the best service and create a delight experience for the guests. The results of this study indicated that customer delight have a significant influence on loyalty. The most influential factors is trust, where the Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel seeks to build trust between Panghegar Executive Club (PXC) members and the hotel. The weakest factors that influence customer delight is justice, this aspect needs to be improved by the company to provide more fair service and dealing to the guests while they staying and makes transaction at the Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel.

Topic: Collective Behavior and Social Movements


The Practice of Parental Mediation on Children’s TV Viewing Among Indonesian Mothers
Nurist Surayya, S. W. Herieningsih

Studies continously show children intensity of watching TV tend to be high. It raised concerns, especially due to many negative impacts of TV viewing on children’s cognition, affect and behavior. While one the most effective method to eliminate the negative effects of television on children is parental mediation. With mediation, parents can either restrict children to watch TV or interpret to children about things that are shown on television. Unfortunately, not all parents perform the mediation. This study investigates the practice of parental mediation among mothers in the context of a developing country, Indonesia. By employing survey to 214 mothers in Jakarta and Semarang, this study identifies the significance of demographic factors and parent-child communication style on parental mediation. As predicted, the results showed the limited practice of parental mediation among Indonesian mothers. Young mothers with fewer children, higher education level and having conversation oriented communication style are among others who perform higher parental mediation.

Topic: Communication and Art


THE INFLUENCE OF INFOGRAPHIC ON EXHIBITION SPACE TOWARDS VISUAL PERCEPTION AND VISITORS BEHAVIOR (Case Study : Educational Exhibition on Implementation of Nuclear Power Plant Project in Indonesia)
Tendy Y. Ramadin and Boni Augusta

This study aims to determine how infographics as an informational element on exhibition space attracts visitors and creates positive behavioural responses. Selection of the abstraction level, color composition, and visualization style (by using fast and slow thinking visualization methods) are utilized as the main research variables. This study adopts the theory about the influence of visual perception on behavior, described by Mehrabian and Russell through the paradigm of Stimulus-Organism-Response (SOR). They assume that the response to stimuli arising from the effect of the stimulus (S) to the organism (O), which produces a response (R), consists of approach or avoidance. This study focuses on the implementation of nuclear power plant project as it is still perceived negatively and has become a controversial matter in Indonesia. The problem emerges due to misperceptions and public ignorance about the benefits of nuclear technology and its risk prevention strategies. Nuclear technology, as other forms of science, is complex and involves intricate scientific data, which is often challenging to be comprehended by the general public. However, by finding the appropriate elements suitable to the visual literacy of Indonesians, infographics are anticipated to deliver attractive visual appearance that is easy to understand. The study will answer the problems of nuclear science and technology dissemination in Indonesia, predominantly by applying infographics and exhibition as informational media. This study is also expected to be used as a reference for infographic designs on exhibitions, particularly educational ones, in an attempt to draw the interest and attention of the visitors.

Topic: Communication and Art


(Visual Signs) Communication within Façade of Public Environtment of Architecture, the Science of Semiotic Usage in Advertisements and Consumer’s Perception
Tendy Y. Ramadin

It is important to have a study on art for public envirintment, because it would assist anyone to heed the issues and queries about artists or designers with his public art, which often present differences on apprehension or interpretation.

The brief study that focused on semiotic study approach for public spaces which brushed the reflection of aspiration and collaboration of the artists, designers and their public as phenomenon on the spirit of today (zeitgeist). The study also read the environmental effect on people’s habitude and its surroundings.

Potential study of the semiotics shows that the language based media and the image based media are the fundamental and the pervasive medium for the human communication. The sign and symbols can be taxonomies as intrapersonal and interpersonal. Advertisement is capable of manipulating the perception and the behavior of the consumers. Each advertisement is a cultural document and has a cultural shadow which carries to readers to share and negotiate the cultural themes. These symbolic and the iconic conversation are ritualized enactments through the dimensions of cultural esteem. This helps to preserve the culture and help to read the cultural perception becoming natural.

The study is intend to obtains facts about objects on public environment around ever-evolved Cihampelas Avenue Bandung, e.g. to identify recent problems and practices that implied on tendency of using visual sign as allure. It also intend to compile ideas about visual signs through relevant proxemic study approach, so could be processed into temporary conclusion to advice entrepreneurs, local authorities, academics and commoners.

Topic: Communication and Art


Wayang Durangpo: Amusing as well Critiquing
Indhar Wahyu Wira Harjo

Social change towards press independency in Indonesia becomes a trigger to conduct this research. The press independency allows a space for mass media to criticize government policies. The research concerned on notable and captivating criticisms in Wayang Durangpo column in Jawa Pos daily newspaper. The column written by Sujiwo Tejo performs social criticism by utilizing certain characters and events of wayang in Mahabarata and Ramayana epics.
The research aims at investigating some problems, which are: (1) how the social criticisms are performed by Sujiwo Tejo in Wayang Durangpo column in Jawa Pos daily newspaper, (2) how the criticisms are addressed to Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla government, and (3) how the representations of characters in wayang are utilized to criticize Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla government in Wayang Durangpo column.
The research was conducted based on theory framework of social criticism, entertainment and the second order semiological system (myth). Roland Barthes’ model of semiotics was used as an approach to make the analysis systematic. The sources of the data in this research were the text of Wayang Durangpo and culture customers. The data in the form of texts were collected by archiving technique, while the interview was conducted to gain the data from culture customers.
The result revealed that social criticisms performed by Sujiwo Tejo in Wayang Durangpo column, explicitly or implicitly were addressed to government, board of Indonesian House of Representatives, and people. Most of them are based on morality principles or social criticism in principled social criticism type. However, the readers regard this social criticism as an entertainment. This are mean readers obtain entertainment by this epoch of Mahabarata or Ramayana and social criticism all at once. Then in that condition Wayang Durangpo coloumn parallel with Neil Postman’s concept in Amusing Ourselves To Death, being regarded as text of entertainment than social criticism manuscript.
The second result shows representation changes occur towards figures in Wayang Durangpo column when undertaking social criticism. These figures not only refer to figures in Mahabarata or Ramayana epoch, but also can be refer to certain figures as target of social critic in this column.
Conclusion of the study is social criticism in wayang Durangpo tend to be principled social criticism. This type of criticism’s based on gap amongst behavior and moral pricipled or believe. Criticism in the coloumn shaped on disparity between Joko Widodo-Jusuf Kalla’s performance to Indonesian principled moral and believed.

Topic: Communication and Art


Space and Students Classroom Behavior in Elementary School.
Danang Tandyonomanu

Learning as the transfer of knowledge is not only associated with the delivery of subject matter or content, but also with regard to utilizing everything within to maximize learning. In this case, the use of space as non-verbal aspects of communication in classroom seating arrangement. In recent years, it is believed that the method of collaborative learning is the best choice for learning and teaching process. This raises the different seating arrangement in many classrooms. This study was based on observations in several classrooms with different classroom seating arrangements at primary school level. Expectancy Violation Theory (EVT) used to underpin understanding the differences in student behavior as a reaction to patterns of classroom seating arrangement. The distance between teacher and student who are physically and psychologically is close will show a more favorable student behavior, but not the otherwise.

Topic: Communication and Art


Cultivating Agents of Social Media Literacy Through Service Learning
Vidi Sukmayadi

Todays learning is focused on preparing students with characters and skills needed to pursuit their career and to succeed in their future. Beyond those skills, there are various supporting proficiencies that are significant in preparing for the "wild" world out there. Among those new proficiencies is social media literacy, a set of skills that ones should have in order to communicate appropriately, responsibly, and to evaluate conversations critically within the realm of socially-based technologies. Regarding this, the paper described of how media and social media education can be designed as a method to prepare and engage undergraduate students to be agents of social media literacy. This paper focuses on a media literacy course that teaches how media users receive and interact with various types of media. The students of this course learned various topics for the first half of the even semester of 2015, then by the second half of the semester the course sent them to conduct a community service learning. The students were placed into teams and sent to share what they have already learned on campus to students in middle and high schools programs in rural areas. A participant action research (PAR) is used to evaluate, upgrade and finally improve the course for future reference.

Topic: Communication and Art


The Influence of Infographic on Exhibition Space Towards The Level of Interest, Understanding, and Visitors Behavior (Case Study : Educational Exhibition on Implementation of Nuclear Power Plant Project)
Boni Agusta (a), Tendy Y. Ramadin (b)

The effectiveness of educational exhibition (non-commercial) is different with exhibition for trading (commercial). Educational exhibitions emphasise the relationship between visitor with the information component. The information component on exhibition space are usually generated by the visual form of information that is designed to attract the visitor’s attention and interest in reading. Infographic as a form of modern information design is one of the various information media that is widely use in exhibition. The aim of this study is to conduct the influence of infographic as a visual display of information component in the exhibition space towards the visitors level of interest, understanding, and behavior. One of many elements in infographic that directly related to the visitor’s level of interest and understanding are the visual style. Visual style is a series of visual objects by virtue in logical complexity characteristics. This study used a direct experimental method which subjects are divided into specific age group based on visual literacy skills. By discussing an issue about the use of nuclear technology for energy in particular, this study is expected to answer the problem of dissemination of nuclear science and technology through the exhibitions event. Generally, this research is expected to be an instrument in measuring the effectiveness of educational exhibition, and as a reference for designing infographic as a medium of visual communication design in exhibition space.

Topic: Communication and Art


Transformational Leadership, School Climate, and Teacher’s-Teaching Performance on School Productivity
Aan Komariah

This study was aimed to analyze both direct and indirect impact of transformational leadership, school climate, and teacher’s-teaching performance on productivity of vocational schools. Correlational research method and Structural Equation Model (SEM) were adopted in this study to find out causal relationships of the variables. The population of this study consisted of all vocational teachers (1843 teachers) of 31 vocational schools. Data was obtained through a calibrated questionnaire from 286 vocational teachers in Bandung District. Research findings revealed that transformational leadership and school climate contributed positively and significantly on teacher’s-teaching performance. The direct positive impact of teacher’s-teaching performance contributed on productivity of vocational schools. In the other words, it can be said that transformational leadership and school climate contributed on the productivity of vocational schools indirectly through teacher’s-teaching performance.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Nur Hadi

Kasada Ceremony which held every year in Tengger community is kind of local wisdom, about how a community interacted with limited natural environment (mountain) and social interaction between them. There are many value and lesson of noble attitude which consisted and accompanied the event of ceremony. For long term period, the ceremony has given protection identity for communality existence and tight togetherness, and also the existence of Tengger culture. However, by the entry of state religions (Islam, Hindu, Buddha, and Christian) in Tengger, it resulted in important change to the existence of ceremony. Despite the presence of those religions, Tengger community has believed in their traditional religion, Budo.
The research with title: “The Development of Multicultural Education Reading Material of Kasada Tradition to the Tengger Community (Ethnography Study in Bromo-Tengger-Semeru Area, East Java)” and by using research approach of Qualitative-Ethnography Spradley model, it was obtained the fact that there were important changes in Tengger, especially in the implementation of Kasada ceremony which was caused by the influence of State religion entry to Tengger. There is a paradox that Tengger Raya region has been divided into four districts in East Java: Malang, Lumajang, Probolinggo, and Pasuruan and is more because of tourism and economic potential. But, in the application and development of physical modernization, Tengger community only became the tail from each district with all the consequences. The worst condition was when many villages in epicentrum area of Bromo crater, which considered as the most sacred place in Tengger had become the arena of State religious penetration: Buddha and Islam in Ngadas, Malang; Hindu in Ngadisari, Probolinggo; Islam and Hindu in Wonokitri, Pasuruan; Christian, Hindhu and Islam in Ranupani; Lumajang. There were many response and view of Tengger community member after believed in State religion. One was just combining Kasada ceremony with religion worship (Hindu), the other was let them whether or not to follow the ceremony (Islam and Buddha), and even one just forbid their members to do Kasada ceremony (Christian). Trend from that development has threatened the existence of Kasada ceremony.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Sri Kusumo Habsari

Television cook show is categorized as lifestyle program produced for viewers with special interest. In the beginning, this program is produced to meet the obsession of the hobbyist, such as cooking shows. In the development of the commercialization and commodification of the program, cooking shows has been transformed into cook shows with the shift of the focus to the cheft as the celebrity. This article analyses the representation of male presenters as spectacle of masculinity and how the embodiment of masculinity has transformed the focus of the program. The analysis concerns how the television cook shows have covered and commodified the male body of the presenters throughout the program. Three distinguishing features are analyzed: the effeminate cook as the embodiment of soft masculinity, the male athletic body as the object of gaze, and soft violence as male power. These features show the shift of the cook shows from the educational program of cooking into ‘just entertainment’ with the spectacle of masculinity which objectifies the male body of the presenter.

Topic: Culture and Changes



Generally, the fishermen community has characteristics in Deterministic culture particularly in South Sulawesi. The main characteristic of Deterministic culture is a believeness that God is a determinant of all processes of human life, and man only Surrender (fatalist) in accepting all the provisions of the Lord on him and do not even have the willness at all. This culture is accused as a ringleader backwardness of the fishermen communities, especially in South Sulawesi. In that context, this paper intends to reveal the workings of Deterministic culture in fishermen communities with its socio-cultural implications. At the same time it is theoretically described strategic efforts by policy makers to create the social conditions for the fishermen communities in order creating a Rational-instrumental culture as the antithesis of the Deterministic culture. Rational-instrumental culture in question believed that Nothing Impossible in this world as long as people continue to strive and struggle by relying on reasoning and thought.
This paper is based on research on fishermen communities in South Sulawesi. Using a case study approach, the data collected with the depth-interviews technique with 5 fishermen as informant.
The results showed that in the deterministic culture of fishermen communities is the result of historical construction of local beliefs with the teachings of Sufi in Islam. As compensation, it takes the intervention of all parties in strengthening the condition of Rational-instrumental culture as a means of improving the welfare of the fishermen community.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Bagja Waluya; Heri P. Dyah Setiorini

Advances in information technology, communications, and transportation as a result of the development of science and technology, has brought great changes in the world community. Many factors influence the changes in the social, cultural, economic and community. Including changes that occur at the local community in the area of tourism. The high tourism activity is characterized by the many tourists who come, the local community interaction with tourists of different social and cultural backgrounds certainly can not be avoided. Based on this phenomenon, how the interaction of tourists with the local community? How much influence the rating of the socio-cultural changes in local communities? How does the intensity of the interaction of local communities to factors other changes? This study aims to identify the shape and intensity of local community interaction with tourists as well as factors other changes and to analyze the effect of tourist interaction with local communities towards socio-cultural change in the tourist area.

Topic: Culture and Changes



Sundanese as an ethnic, have many customs that still continue to be used, especially in rural areas. There are positive values can be taken from the ancestral tradition of Sunda, both with regard to religious values, human values, moral values, social values, and others. This paper will raise one ethnic Sundanese tradition "gempungan" as the local wisdom to the study of Social Science Education at the elementary school in the socio-cultural transformation. This paper, using the literature review, interviews with the various parties involved, so that it will answer the questions: what is "gempungan"? How "gempungan" can be implemented? Anyone who is carrying out a "gempungan"? Can gempungan as a local wisdom held on Social Science education lessons in elementary school? What are the positive and negative impact of "gempungan". Become the study in this paper. "Gempungan" Nowadays, its different with gempungan performed by Sundanese elders. There is a cultural transformation in the activities of this gempungan, so give the understanding and meaning which is different from the previous one.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Study of The Impact of Korean Drama In Indonesia Through The Spread of Moral Values for Young Generation (A Contribution to Indonesian Drama Series)
Mirna Nur Alia A, Elly Malihah, Siti Nurbayani K

The swift of globalization in the lives of Indonesian people cause love of local culture increasingly degraded, and these have an impact on peoples behavior changes on their daily life. Many of television programs offer foreign cultures through film / drama, especially the Korean drama, absolutely, they change our perspectives and habits because those programs unfiltered adopted by Indonesian people. Nowadays, Korean Drama is the most interesting shows by Indonesian people as a show that is entertaining as well as bringing the phenomenon of the growing interest in Korean culture products both from fashion and lifestyle, to the values ​​of life which is increasingly varied. This phenomenon can be seen in the development of young people into adulthood, especially in women, both adolescents and as mothers. The enthusiasm of the Korean drama was able to lead the audience to learn everything about Korea (Korean wave), which is took remarkable effect for peoples behavior. Therefore, it is necessary to review the success of Korean drama shows in Indonesia so that the nation of cultural values is not lost and eroded by foreign culture that developed in Indonesia. In addition, the results of this study could contribute television programs that educate Indonesian people significantly in order with the nation cultural values as the Indonesian people identity can be preserved and implemented in television programs.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Vanessa Gaffar, Cindy Agustina Krishna Gautama

Hallyu Wave or Korean Wave is becoming a world hit, recently. It is a terminology that describes the spread of Korean culture globally and it began from the success of Korean Pop or K-Pop that successfully released their albums in China, followed by Korean Drama. Consequently, countries such as Hongkong, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, and The Phillipines experienced this syndrome. This phenomenon attracts world society to know and learn more about Korean culture. In Indonesia, Hallyu Wave started from the release of Korean Drama, Korean Girl Band and Boy Band, and Korean reality shows on TV. The popularity of Hallyu Wave in this country not only benefit Korean music industry, but also other industries such as electronics, cosmetics, fashion and also culinary. Recently, the increase use of Korean cosmetics in Indonesia arise and this shows by the increasing number of Korean cosmetics brand enter Indonesian market, such as Etude House, Missha, Skinfood It’s Skin, The Face Shop and many more. This research aims to study the perception of youngsters towards country of origin of Korean Cosmetics Product, the description of purchase desicion of Korean Cosmetics Product, and to analyze whether there is an influence on country of origin to purchase decision of Korean Cosmetics Product. Questionnaires were distributed to youngsters who recently uses Korean Cosmetics Product using purposive sampling technique. Multiple regression method was used to analyzed the data. Result shows that majority of youngsters perceived Korea as a country that produced high quality product, moreover, they bought the product because of country’s popularity. There is a positive influence between country of origin and purchase decision of Korean Cosmetics Product.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Intensification of Madrasa Culture and Community Participation: Efforts to Manage the Developmental Change
M Arief Ramdhany

Unexpected changes sometimes cause unanticipated problems. Educational institutions must be able to respond to and manage a variety of changes, particularly in its main component: learning. Islamic education as one of the subsystems within the national education system has a strategic role in achieving the goals of national education. The magnitude of the contribution of Islamic education to national education has been supported by Madrasas as educational institutions. Efforts to manage the better developmental changes at Madrasa need the intensification of Madrasa culture and community participation. The main objective of this study is to confirm and test the model based on the given theories using the Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). Data were collected using a questionnaire from 229 respondents from 73 Public and Private Madrasah Aliyah in Tasiklmalaya Regency, with headmaster, school committee, and teachers as data sources. The results showed that Madrasa culture and community participation have a close relationship and mutual influence. All indicators of Madrasa culture and community participation are able to explain the model. To intensify Madrasa culture, it is necessary to preserve the Islamic philosophical values and the tradition of value internalization. Madrasas also need to emphasize the mutual cooperation in fostering greater community participation, especially the madrasas that are outside the pesantren.

Topic: Culture and Changes


Siti Komariah

Lately, Indonesia society faced with social problems while social phenomenon, that of sexual violence to children "Emon" in Sukabumi. Because its a problem that will be examined in this study are factors driving what is the occurrence of sexual violence on children in Sukabumi?, as well as how the role of community leaders in confronting and tackling cases of sexual assaults on children in Sukabumi?. In this study, researchers used a descriptive research method to describe a situation or event that is associated with the socio-cultural factors of sexual violence to the child in the area of Sukabumi. The subject of research is the Chairman of RT, religious figures, the head of the school, and the surrounding communities of residence Emon. Data collection techniques in the study gained through observation, in-depth interviews, the study documentation. Data analysis techniques include the reduction of the data, the presentation of data, and the withdrawal of the conclusion. The results showed the greatest factor of sexual violence to children is a low level of economic society. Where the majority of peoples livelihoods is a freelance workers with an uncertain income. Victims of Emon is children who are indeed diiming-imingi allowance. There are also parents who become IMW abroad. This has resulted in concern of parents toward children less because earning a living outside the country or outside its territory. Children who are still in Elementary School and early entry junior often hang out on the side of the road until late at night with the local youth, some of them are already smoking. In the environment of many youth who consume Liquor. The victim stated almost every day to go to the Internet cafe to play online games or facebook, 1-3 hours per day, with pay Rp 3,000 per hour. The role of community leaders in tackling the problem through a program of "the resilience of Families" working with society, RT, RW, Kelurahan and involving Karang taruna especially in the field of religious education program, so that religion in the mosque or in the home or community leaders more intensified, also coaching sports. In any school environment held religious coaching programs, teachers more establish proximity to students to students can be more open, and socialize in order for any suspicious movements on a friend or anyone should be immediately reported. School, community, social service and police should be digging to prevent things like this from happening again. The elderly have to pay more attention to back his children.

Topic: Deviance and Social Control


Pedophilia : Is it a Social Crime or Social Deviation?”
Elly Malihah, Siti Komariah, Siti Nurbayani

In 2014, pedophilia as one of the social problems was committed in Sukabumi. This act caught the attention of many social medias across Indonesia, because, it is believed to have been the first of its kind to spread widely across the social media within the country. The act became a trendinmg topic looked at in two perspectives, that is: the number of victims and the media coverage which lasted for almost one month. In this paper we discuss the social effect, especially in regard to0 the rural community of Sudajaya Kabupaten Sukabumi.

Topic: Deviance and Social Control


The Analysis of Product Quality of Small Medium Enterprise Restaurants in Bandung City

The purpose of this study is to analyze the product quality of small medium enterprise restaurants in Bandung City. Bandung as an important tourism destination in Indonesia already known as shopping and culinary tourism destination. Because of that, small medium enterprise restaurants have a significance role in the development of tourism in the city. Many big restaurants offer not just only food to their customer, but also the facility, scenery, ambient, and so on. But most small medium enterprise restaurants could only offer their core product which are their foods and beverages. Therefore they need to always maintain or even improve their product quality so they could compete with the big restaurants. This study used descriptive method to describe the product quality of small medium enterprise restaurants in Bandung City. This study imply that the performance dimension is the highest score for the product quality and the lowest score is serviceability. Overall the product quality of small medium enterprise restaurants in Bandung City is in fair condition.

Topic: Economy and Development


Brain Gain Dynamics Model in Agricultural and Rural Development
Iwan Setiawan1, Sumardjo2, Arif Satria2, Prabowo Tjitropranoto2 and AC Tridakusumah3

The sustainability of agriculture and rural development is important to note given that most of its human resources in a state of aging, both because of under value and the brain drain. A development strategy that is being discussed in the world is brain gain. This study aims to contruct brain gain dynamics model based on the case of brain gain in West Java, Indonesia. This research constructivist paradigm designed qualitatively by systems thinking approach. The primary data collection and modeling is done through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews and observation on three of rural communities brain gain. The modeling is done by using Vensim PLE tools. Study successfully construct three basic models of brain gain (brain gain process model with two scenarios, models increase productivity of brain gain actors with four scenarios and models strenghtening of brain gain actors independency with three scenarios). Specifically, the basic model can be a theoretical contribution to the study of brain gain and social research. The study brain gain can improve understanding of realizing social sustainability and regeneration strategies of agricultural and rural development actors.

Topic: Economy and Development


Analysis Heritage Tourism Product as a Sustainable Urban Tourism
Rini Andari, HP. Diyah Setiyorini

Tourism has a strategic position in national development, needs to travel will increase along with the increasing of world population. Heritage tourism is an increasingly popular segment and more favored. Historical heritage is one of the tourist potentials in urban tourism that can be an attraction to bring in many tourists in, both domestic and international. City is often identical with a modern atmosphere; so many cities lost its historical heritage buildings and replace them with modern buildings. Bandung is one of the historic old cities in Indonesia, which has many historic buildings Dutch heritage known as Art Deco. This is because at the end of the 19th century until the early 20th century the Dutch colonial government built a massive building as a result of transfer plan the capital of Dutch East Indies to Bandung city, Bandung became a major destination for holiday Dutch nobles who lived in Jakarta. In fact, in every weekend they came to Bandung, especially to enjoy the atmosphere of the city, but along with economic development and commercialization interests’ historical heritage disappear one by one. Drastic changes have occurred since the end of the 20th century, there were many areas of heritage buildings converted to office and business areas. The purpose of this paper is to describe the role of heritage tourism in preserving the urban tourism and to analyze activity of heritage tourism in Bandung.

Topic: Economy and Development


Naili Farida, Agus Naryoso, Ahyar Yuniawan

This study aims at developing and testing model of Relationship Marketing, that is, a relationship between companies or batik artisans and dealers to determine the improvement of marketing performance. This model considers the quality of relationship,social capital, enterpreneurship orientation, market capabilities and e-commerce. The model is tested by using 41 batik Small-Middle Enterprises (SMEs) and sensus as sampling technique. The hypothesis is tested by using sampling. Technique of analysis use the analysis of Parsial Least Square (PLS) with validity and reliability testings. The result of analysis is supported by the confirmation of the quality of relationship, enterpreneurship orientation, market capabilities, e-commerce and social capital to market capabilities which is rejected. This research emphasizes on the role of relationship quality and market capabilities as mediation of e-commerce and marketing performance. Based on the research, it is recommended that the relationship of SMEs with the distributors and good market capabilities will be able to improve marketing performance.

Topic: Economy and Development


Development of Sustainability Reporting Guidelines for Indonesian Local Governments
Alfira Sofia (a*), Budi Supriatono Purnomo (a), R.Nelly Nur Apandi (a), Rozmita Dewi Yuniarti (a)

Organizations that concerned on profit without responsiveness on environmental and social influences created from business operations, consequently cannot hold its life in the long term (sustainable). The government as a public sector organizations is obliged to pay attention to the three pillars of sustainability, namely: 1) Earth (planet) along with all its contents, plants and animals - Ecosystem; 2) Human (People); and 3) Economics (Profit) or so-called triple bottom line.

This research were conducted to identify the indicators of sustainability reporting disclosure associated with the local government economic, environmental and social, as well as determine the important factors that should be disclosed by local governments in their sustainability reports. This article is part of the first phase of the research conducted in producing guidelines for a complete and comprehensive disclosure to the City/County in Indonesia.

As a preliminary study, data collection method used in this study consists of two (2) sections, namely: 1) literature review and benchmark; 2) survey methods. Data from first method were collected and analyzed to find appropriate factors for Indonesia local government context. While the survey methods are used to gather perceptions from academics and practitioners, and to have knowledge of the sustainability report. This research used confirmatory factor analysis to determine significant indicators simultaneously test the reliability and validity of the proposed model.

The results of this study showed that the main factors of sustainability report disclosure model consists of Environmental, Economic, and Social. Environmental factors disclosure contains 21 indicators, economic factors consists of six disclosure indicators, whereas social factors containing three dimensions namely labor (8 indicators), society (12 indicators), and human rights (10 indicators).

Topic: Economy and Development


Dika Supyandi, Yayat Sukayat, Ahmad Choibar Tridakusumah

Demand for rice has been increasing in line with relatively high population growth rate and high per capita consumption of rice. Considering health as basis of rice choice, demand for healthy rice has also begun to increase. In West Java, one of the districts that are serious to develop healthy rice or organic rice is Bandung regency. Since 2010, organic rice production in Bandung Regency has successfully increased and met the domestic market. Through studies conducted since 2012, it has been identified that although technically, assistance in empowerment activities are still indispensable, institutional issues are the most vital aspects that determine the success of the development of organic rice in Bandung Regency. Soft as well as hard aspects of institution must be well ordered to pursue system equilibrium in order to achieve the system goals. Furthermore, every actors working interdependently according to each functions they have. The study was conducted with a system thinking approach from structural functional viewpoint. A number of important stakeholders related to the development of organic rice with structured market-oriented, have been involved through a process of triangulation. This study ultimately aims to formulate a model of empowerment in the supply chain of organic rice. In this paper the discussion is limited to describe organic rice farmer adaptation dynamics and characteristics of the most relevant institutions, structurally and culturally. Linkages between on farm and off farm actors, policy makers, and civil society in the quadruple helix conception is also described.

Topic: Economy and Development


Lorina Siregar Sudjiman

Lorina Siregar Sudjiman
Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia


In the process of going public, before trading in the secondary market, the stock first sold in the primary market or often called the primary market. Initial public offering it to the public through the primary market is known as an initial public offering (IPO). But before offering shares on the primary market, when the company will conduct an Initial Public Offering (IPO), the company must make the prospectus which is stipulated by BAPEPAM".
Interesting phenomenon that occurs in the initial offering to the public that became a worldwide phenomenon is the phenomenon of low prices (underpricing). Underperformance after an initial public offering IPO is actually a sensible thing, However, this manipulation attempts are usually not carried out continuously in the long term, because it will impact on the performance of the stock and the company. To create an ideal share price, first need to learn the factors that influence the symptoms of underpricing.
This study attempts to analyze the phenomenon with the suspect that there are factors that affect the underpricing, the stock return either at the IPO (initial return) and return in the secondary market (returns 7 days after the IPO). This study uses a 7-day observation period after the IPO to determine whether the information in the prospectus is also an effect on stock returns in the secondary market. This study uses a 7-day observation period after the IPO to determine whether this information also affects the initial returns and underpricing secondary market.
This paper is a study literature concerning finansial variables and non financial variabels. Financial variables used in this study is the current ratio, debt to equity ratio, ROA, total asset turnover, price to book value. In this study also uses non-financial variables are firm size, firm age, the percentage of public offerings and stock performance.

Topic: Economy and Development


Dessy Adriani dan Elisa Wildayana

For decades, Indonesias economic growth has no impact on the more power of agricultural sector. The agricultural sector is still characterized by subsistence, low education, low productivity, low income and underemployment. It is caused by high dominance uneducated workforce in this sector. Hence the attention to quality and the development of human capital should be increased in order to encourage economic growth in the agricultural sector. The purpose of this study is to analyze the economic integration of goods markets and labor markets in Indonesian agricultural sectors at the education perspective. Research methods are historical research. The data used is secondary data years 1977-2013 to the variable gross domestic product and educated and uneducated employment of agricultural sector. Data collected by documentation. Analysis method using Vector Error Correction Model (VECM). The results showed that the growth in gross domestic product of the agricultural sector is still up to the growth of employment both educated and uneducated; growth in educated employment increased but uneducated employment declined. The development of the agricultural gross domestic product and agricultural educated employment is determined by uneducated employment. There are integration between the labor market and the agricultural product market. Diminishing uneducated employment cause increasing the number of educated employment and gross domestic product of agriculture sector.

Topic: Economy and Development


IT Co-Creation, innovation Capability and marketing performance in Software Industry: A conceptual Framework
Fansuri Munawar

The framework developed in this study to determine the impact of IT Co-Creation and Innovation capability on the Marketing Performance. This research will be performed on the software industry in Indonesia. IT Co creation and Innovation capability concepts is regarded as instrumental to the improvement of marketing performance. However, not always innovative products that will be successful in the market due to rapid changes in consumer desires and the latest technological changes. Therefore, companies must understand market turbulence and technological turbulence as moderator effects on performance marketing. Based on this principle, this study intends to propose a conceptual framework for understanding the relationship between IT Co Creation, Innovation Capability, Market Turbulence, Technological turbulence and marketing performance. This study is expected to be able to develop the performance of the marketing software industry in Indonesia.

Topic: Economy and Development


Higher Education Marketing Mix: Decisions Students In Choosing Private Universities In West Java
Ujang Muhyidin

Higher Education Marketing Mix: Decisions Students In Choosing Private Universities In West Java
Ujang Muhyidin

Management of private universities today are faced with various obstacles and challenges in an effort to improve the quality, image, appeal and produce graduates who have global competitiveness. The problem that always arises is the gap between the number of applicants / potential applicants and the amount expected to be received in private universities. This may be the impact of competitive strategy, qualification of human resources or shifting aspirations of prospective students and other factors that play a role in perceiving and decision determiner prospective takers.
Management of private universities increasingly complex when faced with external variables such as universities and other public who may be opportunity and a threat. Each private university has its own tips to treat these variables, so that they can turn threats into opportunities as a strategy of short-term and long-term.
To study the problems upon this research approach marketing mix 7 P namely, Product, Place, Process, People, Promotion, phisycal Evidence, Price.
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the marketing mix (marketing mix) higher education services to the decisions of prospective students in choosing a private universities in west Java.
This research uses descriptive quantitative method. Samples were students from 15 private universities in west Java were taken at random. Processing the data using statistical methods correlational.
This research resulted in the following findings; not the entire marketing mix variables have a significant influence on the decisions of prospective students to choose a private universities in west Java. Variables that no significant effect is the price (price), promotion (promotion), and people (people), while having a significant effect that the product (product), location (place), process (process) and physical evidence (physical evidence).
Keywords: Product, Place, Process, People, Promotion, phisycal Evidence, Price

Topic: Economy and Development


The Effect of Personal Selling Toward the Decision to Use Service @ PT. TELKOM Indonesia (Survey In User Service in Taman Pasupati Bandung)
Heny Hendrayati, Dhaifina Ramadita Ghaisani

All aspects in life society todays is not separated by technology and information. Therefore PT.Telkom tbk released products “public wifi” with fast connection was called @ In the process of product marketing implement personal selling strategies for improving consumer decisions to use access thereby, increasing the companys revenue.

This study aims to determine how much the influence of personal selling toward the decision to use the service of @wifi id at Taman Pasupati in Bandung. This study uses descriptive and verification method. Withdrawal sampling technique which was used was purposive sampling. The population in this study is as much as 3600 people which is the average user service on the park, and the sample were 100 respondents. The analysis technique which is used is the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient and simple linear regression analysis.

The results showed that personal selling on the service users @ in Taman Pasupati was in middle category, meanwhile the decision to use the service @ in Taman Pasupati was at the high category. Correlation calculation results showed an association with high levels or significantly between personal selling and the decision to use the service @ at Taman Pasupati. The amount of influence on the decision to use personal selling is 48.02%, meanwhile the remainder is equal to 51.98% influenced by other factors or variables that are not investigated.

Topic: Economy and Development


Mokh Adib Sultan; Rofi Rofaida; Chairul Furqon

Demand for rice in Indonesia is still high even in the category of the highest in the world. This certainly focused the impact on rice distribution services not only by government but also by the private sector in this regard Bulog. Bulog has several functions including pengakajian and formulation of national policies in the field of distribution of rice and rice price control. Therefore, Bulog has authority in the formulation and implementation of distribution and price control of rice. Good rice distribution adheres to the principles of good supply chain, from upstream to downstream, with due regard to the smooth distribution management, warehouse to transportation. So expect rice to be used as stock for rice category of poor and needs of market operations can be managed properly. But the reality in the field of balance between supply and demand remains problematic, sometimes several sub Divre Bulog there is a gap between supply and demand, where demand for rice still need to be met by sub Divre other, other hand, other sub Divre precisely surplus rice stocks. It is therefore important to know between supply and demand which occur in every area of distribution.

Topic: Economy and Development


Tjahjono Djatmiko 1) dan Aldi 2)

The growth of telecommunications service subscribers in Indonesia until 2015 is very high and approaching saturation. This condition will increase the level of competition between telecommunications service company. The competition will be more tough and it is predicted that it caused also by the influence of the brand. This study analyzes one of the reasons that estimates the effect of brand trust and the brand image toward brand loyalty of the telecommunication service customers of a company.
This study tried to determine the effect of variables brand image and brand trust towards brand loyalty from telecommunication customer of PT Indosat
The descriptive quantitative research methods was implemented in this research by involving two independent variables Brand Image (X1), and Brand Trust (X2) and one dependent variable Brand Loyalty (Y). A nonprobability purposive sampling is used as a sampling technique. An Ordinal and likert scale are used as measuring instruments in this study .. The result of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the variables of the brand image and brand trust simultaneously affect the brand loyalty.
Referring to the condition in which the variable brand image and brand trust resulting a not large coefficient of determination, the researcher suggest to the further research to add the other factor in such away that those factors are expected will increase the value of R square.

Topic: Economy and Development


Perceived Value and Customers Satisfaction in Hotel Industry: A Systematic Conceptual Model
Bachruddin Saleh

The hospitality industry is a service industry that is engaged in the provision of accommodation and lodging. The increasing number of businesses in the hospitality led to business competition between companies is getting tougher, so the management should concentrate on retaining existing customers by implementing effective policies of satisfaction and customer value. In the hotel industry, customer satisfaction and customer value are largely determined by the quality of service. A management approach focused on value customers can improve customer satisfaction, thereby enhancing the positive image of the hotel and the intensity of a customer revisit intention. The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework for a new perspective on customer satisfaction and customer value, as well as the dimensions that influence. By organizing and synthesis flow of major research and individual studies in it, this study provides a comprehensive framework for future studies to the dimensions of satisfaction and customer value. This framework will provide a basis for future research. This paper contributes new framework, which describes the quality of service, where the dimensions that affect customer value, and how it is related to customer satisfaction.

Topic: Economy and Development


Aas Nurasyiah, A. Jajang W. Mahri, Suci Aprilliani Utami, Rida Rosida and Neni Sri Wulandari

The background of this research is the issue of doubt or skepticism of the majority of the society’s contribution towards the development of Islamic financial community, especially in the over-marginalized community including the informal sector businesses. Therefore, the aim of this study was to verify the contributions made by Baitul Maal Wat Tamwil (BMT) as an Islamic financial institution that is inclusive of the development of informal sector businesses. The method of research used quantitative approach through different statistical tests. The samples used were 60 members in which are members of BMT Daarut Tauhid, BMT Baiturrahim and BMT Nurul Ummah. Thus, these samples are active members as part of informal sector businesses, who obtain financing and mentoring from the BMT. Based on a comparative study between the pre and post condition of members of BMT of informal sector businesses have increased the quality of life in terms of economy, social and spiritual. The results of implementing of the movement need to be more structured and massive in empowering society through the informal sector business through Islamic model of financial inclusion, supported by government policy regulations pro-economic development and Islamic financial for sustainable development.

Topic: Economy and Development


Ecopreneurship Implementation for Environment and Economic Sustainability: A Case Study of Small Business in Bandung, Indonesia
Sony Sasongko and Grisna Anggadwita

Ecopreneurship is an entrepreneurial activity based environment to meet their business objectives that impact on economic sustainability. Small Business is one of the sectors that have the potential to develop ecopreneurship business concepts. This paper focuses on how to exploit the potential of innovative entrepreneurs based environment so as to encourage more startups to tackle environmental problems. This paper also discusses the role of entrepreneurship education in promoting ecopreneurs behavior and presented an outline of possibilities that can be integrated into entrepreneurship education at college level. This study aims to explore the concept of ecopreneurship in small business in Bandung, Indonesia. Qualitative method is taken as the research method by conducting in-depth interviews with ecopreneurs in Small Business in Bandung, Indonesia. By organizing and flow synthesis of previous research studies, this study provides a comprehensive framework for future studies to ecopreneurship dimension, so it can be used to evaluate the state of environmental innovations Ecopreneurship in Indonesia.

Topic: Economy and Development


Rofi Rofaida, SP., M.Si


Rofi Rofaida
Management Study Program
Indonesia University of Education
Bandung, Indonesia

Abstract— Tourism sector's contribution to Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP) in 2010-2013 was very significant. In the employment aspect, this sector also plays an important role. The research objective are mapping and conducting analysis of the formal labor market related with the employment potential, mapping and conducting analysis of the current potential of the tourism human resources, as well as developing the human resource planning to improve their competitiveness. The subjects of the study were hotels and restaurants in Bandung city. Hotels and restaurants are selected because this sector provided the largest contribution to the tourism development as seen from its financial contribution. The method used was survey method. The mapping and analysis of the formal labor market and tourism human resources potential were conducted using SWOT analysis. Tourism human resource development strategy will be focused on job opportunity expansion plan , the quality / competence improvement plan and entrepreneurship development.

Keywords- human resource planning; tourism sector; competitiveness

Topic: Economy and Development


A. Jajang W. Mahri*), Aas Nurasyiah, Suci Aprilliani Utami, Firmasnyah, and Aneu Cakhyaneu

This research is based on the issues of many informal sector businesses that do not have access towards capital from formal financial institutions. In addition to this, a growing Islamic financial institutions are still considered to be exclusive and hard to reach. The study aimed to find the best model in empowering informal sector businesses based on sharia principles conducted by BaitulMaal Wat Tamwil (BMT). The research method with qualitative descriptive approach and SWOT analysis of the ten BMT which are actively funding and empowering informal sector business in Bandung Raya. Based on the model of empowerment that carried out by BMT to informal sector business were divided into three clusters with incicators :the utilization of productive economic, mentoring and training. The general results of this study indicate that the majority of BMT is the first cluster, with characteristic activities only productive economic empowerment through Islamic micro financing and still not contribution to social function in running mentoring and training to informal sector businesses. Additionally, Based on the results of SWOT analysis, it is concluded that in general BMT has the potential to develop due to the principle of justice and its closeness to the micro business which has not been accessed or touched by other financial institutions.On the other hand the potential is still constrained by the capacity of Human Resources inadequacy in providing business advisory services at the same time. The implication of the study shows needs of competent human resources in developing BMT a professional business economically (Entrepreneurship) who has good spirituality in empowering informal sector businesses community.

Topic: Economy and Development


The Fates of Social Institutions in the Environmental Changes and Modernization Fishing Analysis on the Local Institutions of Fishermen Communities of Two Ecological Types in the East Coast of North Sumatra

This article deals with two kinds of spesific coastal ecology namely swampy area and the region that has well accessibility for reaching the coast and sea due to availability of river water way. The first type situated at the estuary with mangrove forest, many ditches and brackish water, whereas the second become a unity of cultural area in integrating the settlement, waterway, and the sea. The ecological differences result in the slightly distinction patterns in constructing the social institutions for regulating economic activities of fisheries. However the two are facing the similar of oppressed condition due to degradation of quality of environment in the coastal area, and modern instruments for fishing supported by inten-sive capital of the fishing enterprises.

Topic: Economy and Development


Muji Gunarto

The growth of colleges in Indonesia is increasing every year, especially the private Higher Education Institution (PTS). The more the number of PTS is, the tighter competition in getting prospective students is. The purpose of this study were: 1) to determine the position of each PTS among competitors’ position; 2) to determine the variability of fields of science that are interested by students; 3) to determine the characteristics of each PTS based on the fields of science. This research was conducted by analyzing secondary data from PDDIKTI (Higher Education Data Base) reports. The analysis technique was bi-plot analysis. The results show that PTS in the form of academy is in a specific position of a group of certain fields of science, but PTS in the form of the university is in a quite various position group fields of science. Based on the observations on eight fields of science, the analysis result shows that the most demanded fields are health science and computer science. The least interested field is social study, whereas the interest of students to the field of Jurisprudence, Agriculture science, Economics, Engineering, and Education is relatively balanced. The characteristics of each PTS are shown by the closeness to the fields of science. The results could be used by the PTS for collecting information on market segment and as consideration for determining an effective marketing strategy in gaining prospective students.

Topic: Economy and Development


Kadek Aria Prima Dewi PF, Dasim Budimansyah, SudardjaAdiwikarta.

The education program should be developed on the basis of the needs of society. Related to the issue of environmental crisis, there is a need of the education program development that aims to develop the capacity of individual who cares about environment. The community-based education is one of solutions in developing the capacity of individual who cares about the environment based on the principles of education implementation of, by, and for the people.
This research was conducted to find a community-based education that develops environmental awareness value in the framework of elementary education that is implemented based on three frameworks, namely 1) describing the objective condition in education of environmental awareness value on elementary school in Padangsambian Subdistrict, 2) formulating community-based value education model in developing the environmental awareness character in elementary school of Padangsambian Subdistrict, and 3) testing the effectiveness of community-based value education model in developing the environmental awareness character on elementary school students in Padangsambian Subdistrict.
In order to ensure and test effectiveness of the found model, the research was conducted with the development research design, through qualitative and quantitative approaches. The data were collected through observation technique, interview, questionnaire, and documentation. The community-based value education model in developing the environmental awareness character on elementary school students in Padangsambian Subdistrict develops the value of Bank Sampah (Waste Bank) Community that is combined with that of Hinduism, through intervention and habituation processes that try manipulating the behaviours of students through action manipulation during the learning activities in the class, school climate, extracurricular activity, and peer community (the saving community)

Topic: Education


Asep Mulyana, Dasim Budimansyah, Dadang Supardan, Sudardja Adiwikarta

The research aims to find a strategy of national values habituation in school based on multicultural communities. The strategy is expected to be a solution in the anticipation of the increasingly shifting national values among Indonesian multicultural societies. The phenomenon is marked by the diminishing values of patriotism and the fading sense of belonging and unity in diversity (multiculturalism), tolerance, and mutual aid among the people. Data for this research were collected through observation, in-depth interview, and documentary analysis. The research results demonstrate that the strategy of habituation of national values in schools by the cultivation of national values into classroom teaching and learning process, the school environment, and participation in extracurricular programs. It has been proven that habituation strategy implemented well-planned, well-measured, and continuous, the students of SMAN 2 Kota Cirebon can implemented successfully the national values in their daily behaviors, such as observed in their pride with any product possessed and produced by Indonesia; love for their school; discipline in obeying the rules; enthusiasm to achieve; love for socialization and communication; willingness to help each other regardless of cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds; and rejection and condemnation of corruptive behavior and any form of terrorism as well as separatism and primordialism. These students’ moral stances are the crystallization of their moral knowing, moral feeling, and moral action.

Topic: Education


Students Social Differentiations (Study at PLB Department FIP UNM)

Mapping social differentiation of student is very important in making decisions related to student needs. Three main problems are studied, namely (1) are student identities in the departemen of PLB FIP UNM related to their social differentiations, (2) are social differentiations picturised in the educational data of he tudents in the department of PLB FIP UNM, and (3) are social differentiations related to social economic conditions of the students in the department of PLB FIP UNM. the study aimed to explore students social differentiations which are based on self-identity, educational sata, nd social economic conditions of the students in the department of PLB FIP UNM. The study applied simple survey technique. The population is the students in the Department PLB FIP UNM located in the FIP UNM Makassar. Sample was taken purposively and data collacted by using anquet and documentation as the instruments. Data was analysed by using table frequencies. The findings are (1) number of female students tend to increase quantitatively but not necessary increase in quality, (2) study program at senior high school gives significant contribution towards academic performance at tertiary education from choosing the study programen to the learning process and educational acievement, (3) imvolvement of students in student organization is still low dueto the social differentiation they have.

Topic: Education


The model of Integrating Culture and Nation Characters into the school based curriculum at the remote areas in the border of Indonesia and Malaysia. (Assessment Development Study based on Curriculum 2013 at the Junior High Schools in the District of Paloh and Sajingan, Sambas, West Borneo Province)
Dr. Witarsa, M.Si

The Project Implementation Plan of Tanjungpura University (UNTAN) Pontianak shows an active role in the development of human resources in the border area. UNTAN as Pioneering Center for National Character development, has high integrity in solving of the various problems that occurred in the border region. The aim of this research is describe the model for developing the integration of culture and national characters into school based curriculum in the setting of Curriculum 2013 at the Junior High Schools in Paloh and Sajingan district in Border Region of Indonesia and Malaysia. The Outcomes research are (1) the documents of authentic assessment to be used at Junior High Schools in Paloh, the border Region between Indonesia and Malaysia, (2) Scientific Publications through the national journal accredited by Higher Education. The method used was descriptive qualitative. The data analysis technique used is Discovering Cultural Themes Analysis and focus group discussion (FGD).

Topic: Education


Reflective Teaching Practice: Teachers’ Perspectives in an Indonesia Context
Endah Yanuarti; David F. Treagust

This paper, which focuses on teachers’ perspectives on their reflections about their teaching, discusses teachers’ understanding of reflection as it relates to the context of teacher standards in Indonesia. The research uses a qualitative interpretive approach in which the teachers were the subjects. Classroom observations and interviews were the major data. These experienced teachers did not recognize reflective teaching practices although they are stated in teacher standards and that teachers are expected to be aware of them. The teachers’ use of reflection was mostly limited to their reflection of students’ work in lessons, not on their teaching practice. Nine dimensions of reflective teaching practice were used as a tool to analyse the teachers’ responses about reflective practice and a typology of reflection categorized these teachers into three types: descriptive, comparative and critical teachers. Only one teacher conducted reflections and was considered a critical reflective teacher. This study has implications for dissemination to teachers in other regions in the future.

Topic: Education



This study aimed to analyze the philosophical foundation curriculum 2013 based on constructivism perspective.
This is a literature or text study, that is the cornerstone philosophy and literature curriculumin 2013 related to the theory konstruktivism. The research method using hermeneutic method, the interpretation step is the interpretation that is used to understand the components contained in the cornerstone of the philosophy curriculumin 2013 and the components contained in konstruktivism theory, and comparative step is comparing the two concepts of thinking among the aspects contained in the cornerstone of the philosophy and theory curriculum 2013 konstruktivism about the meaning of education, students and teachers, and about learning methods. The conclusion of this study is the curriculumin 2013 using flow konstruktivism educational philosophy in the foundation of his philosophy, in addition to using some other educational philosophies. The similarity in mindset between the twolies in the meaning of education was obtained through the process, the students as the center of learning and teachers actas mediators and facilitators, as well as an assessment of the students do through out the process until the end of the study with the aim to achieve the learning achievement.

Topic: Education


Islamic Values within the Context of Multicultural Citizenship in Madrasah Aliyah, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Samsuri and Mukhamad Murdiono

How might Islamic values inspire teachers to educate young generation to become multicultural citizens in Indonesia? Is it possible for teachers in Islamic high senior school (Madrasah Aliyah) to use Islamic values, in the context of civic education, to cultivate multicultural education? Around Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia, civic educators have reported differences of interpretation and meaning regarding notions of “Islamic multiculturalism” and the “civic multiculturalist,” between the classroom and the school culture in Madrasah Aliyah schools. Moreover, teachers have experenced challenge and resistance when attempting to integrate the Islamic faith with multicultural values in their citizenship classrooms. The paper will explore “the spirit of of Islam” as a living value for multicultural society. A case of civic education teachers working in three Madrasahs in Yogyakarta Province will provide success stories when integrating the Islamic faith with multicultural values in their classrooms; thus uniting the goals of civic education curriculum with the mission of their school as an Islamic institution.

Topic: Education


Dr. Agus Zaenul Fitri, M.Pd

This research is prepared on the basis of the theory of Quality Management System proposed by Besterfield and Crosby on the stages of building a quality management system in higher education. This study uses Exploratory Mixed Method research design with developmental model instrument, while the process of this research start with collecting qualitative data, then the extreme finding is followed by collecting quantitative data, and the end of this process is interpreting data together. The findings of this study, among others, namely: quality assurance in higher education is strongly influenced by the core values that are socialized and internalized in all components and members of the organization continuously. Quality assurance system that is run based on quality planning resulting from the survey of customer requirements, gap analysis and achievements of competitors can be used as reference in setting the quality standard of education. Quality assurance in the field of management (X), the academic field (Y), and customer satisfaction (Z) was significantly different (significantly) between UIN Malang and ITS. The average score higher on the respondents assessment of ITS Surabaya, compared with the UIN on all three measured variables, either partially or simultaneously.

Topic: Education


Ahmad Yani; Rosita

Education Unit Level Curriculum or KTSP in Indonesian is a curriculum developed at the school level. KTSP term is more widely known as content of the curriculum which refers to 2006 curriculum, while KTSP itself is not a content but a regulation of school autonomy system in developing their own curriculum. Therefore, when 2013 Curriculum was enacted, KTSP regulation remains in effect as stipulated in the Regulation of the Minister of Education and Culture of the Republic Indonesia Number 61 Year 2014 about the Education Unit Level Curriculum. Although KTSP has been known for almost 10 years, but most parents have not yet understood well that the key to their children’s successfull education is at the school level. This study is intended to determine the level of parents’s awareness of their rights to have knowledge about the curriculum in their children’s education. The method applied in this study is a descriptive methode with sample of 100 parents from 20 elementary schools in the city of Bandung. The result shows that parentss understanding of their rights to have knowledge about the curriculum is still low; parents do not know the scope of curriculum in their children’s school; and not yet having a concern to participate in education of their children at school.

Topic: Education



It has been consistently reported that teaching as profession prompted stress among teachers. It is essential that as early as practice teachers are being prepared to be licensed teachers, they need to be aware about the reality of teaching yet only few researches provide intensive information about the causes of the stress of practice teachers. Since it is also the interest of this study to inform incoming practice teachers about the challenges that they might as well be encountering in the future, this study would be beneficial in providing them grounds to prepare themselves to combat possible stress. Through the use of questionnaires and focus group discussion and by utilizing qualitative design, this study revealed workload, financial problem, cooperating teacher, call time, and students’ misbehavior cause stress among practice teachers of the School of Teacher Education of Saint Louis University. They also identified counter measures they used in overcoming their stress such as using personal coping strategies, behavioral coping strategies, and social coping strategies. It can then be drawn that even if practice teachers experienced a lot of stress, they still find ways to overcome their stress.

Topic: Education


The Character Building in Schools through The Process of Strengthening School Culture
Fransiskus Samong

The purpose of this study is to determine whether school culture develops character education in elementary school. This is a quantitative investigation and the instrument named “School Culture” was used for this study. The variables of the school culture are school’s vision and mission, school’s tradition, principals role, professional collaboration, relation in school, collegiality, students involvement, and parents and societys cooperation. The inventories were applied to 22 elementary schools of Yayasan Salib Suci in West Java, Indonesia. The statistical findings indicated that school culture has influence to develop the character education. The most significant influence is the relation among the members of the school community. The key to the success of the improvement of the quality of the school is how each member of the school interacts with each other. A positive patterns of relationship and communication will have a significant role in developing the school, students character education, and increasing students achievement.

Topic: Education


Communication Competence of Lecturers and Self-Concept of Students towards Students’ Academic Achievement at Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Diponegoro University Semarang
Taufik Suprihatini

Students less fully aware of the existence of themselves as the next generation and the future of the nation reflection. Consciousness as an independent, full responsibility mature human yet fully visible in the figure of the students, so the motivation for achievement sometimes not realized. They are often seen involved in the demonstrations, fights, involved in the activities of political organizations, even unconsciously they entered in forbidden religious organizations.
The sample of this research is the students of Communication Science FISIP Undip class in 2013 and 2014 with a sampling technique using proportional random sampling technique, which will take 15% of the number of students. The researcher conducted a sample calculation using the formula of Frank Lynch (Sugiarto, 2001: 60). The variable research are the Lecturer Communication Competence and Self-Concept of Student as independent variables, the Student Academic Achievement as the dependent variable.
Based on statistical test by using Pearson correlation and multiple correlation using SPSS version 21 indicates that there is no relationship between the variables of communication competence of lecturers, and students academic achievement. It can be seen from the significant value of both variables showed the 0.784> 0.05. So Ho accepted and Ha rejected. Student self-concept variables are not related to students academic achievement. It can be seen from the significant value of both variables that showed the number 0.998> 0.05. Then Ho accepted and Ha rejected. From the results of research conducted by Erli Zaenal about the factors were associated with grade point of Third Semester Midwifery Student of Health Polytechnic Bengkulu, it is known that academic achievements are influenced by internal factors and external factors. Internal factors include intelligence, motivation, habits, anxiety, interests and so on. While external factors include a family environment, school environment, community, socio-economic situation, and so on.

Topic: Education


Development of Competency Standard Model for Civil Engineering Technology Teacher in Vocational College, Ministry of Education, Malaysia using SEM Amos Graphic
Nor Hayati Ramlan, Zuraidah Abdullah

The transformation of secondary vocational schools (SMV) to vocational colleges (KV) is among the main agenda of Pelan Pembangunan Pendidikan Malaysia, PPPM 2013-2025. The college offers an enhanced curriculum, designed as a program at Certificate and Diploma of Vocational Malaysia (DVM). Implication of Transformation involves in aspect of teacher competency standards, which specifically require an increase in the qualification standards of knowledge, skills, established in terms of Qualitycriteria and fulfill demand-back correspondence instructors at vocational colleges in Malaysia. The aim of this study is to build a Teacher Competency Standard Model for Civil Engineering Course in Vocational College, Malaysian Education Ministry. The objectives of this study are to 1) Identify the level of professionalism of KV teachers specialized in civil engineering; 2) Identify the control of generic competencies of KV teachers specialized in civil engineering and 3) Identify the functional competence of KV teachers specialized control in civil engineering. The results of the questionnaire will be analyzed by descriptive statistics using survey methods, SEM, AMOS software SPSS 5.0. The analysis results of this study will help the Ministry of Education in particular, IPG and Public or Private Higher Education Institutions in providing teachers with qualified specialized civil engineering, highly skilled, competitive and competent for the empowerment of the Teaching profession of the 21st century.

Topic: Education


Epon Ningrum (

Learning not only the process of acquiring new knowledge, but rather to embed values and moral. The ethics land relating with moral about the earth as a living space. Local wisdom is locally but global meaningful. In general, the purpose of this study is to embed the ethics land for student through the application of learning models based on local wisdom. specifically, to design of learning based on local wisdom, implementing learning based on local wisdom and to embed the ethics land for students. The study design using classroom action research with the research setting to the students of class XI IIS 1 Labroratorium School of UPI. Object of study is the design of learning, local wisdom, and the ethics land. The research instrument using a test, task, and the observation guide. Data Analysis using descriptive and statistics. Results of the study are: (1) Learning design to integrated local wisdom into teaching materials; (2) Implementing learning using learning cycle models; and (3) the learners have an understanding concept about the ethics land.

Topic: Education



The discussion about education based on local wisdom in building a healthy society becomes mental discourse crowded discussed in education and in society generally. The need for education that can give rise to human Indonesia is perceived as moral degradation that continually occur in the generation of this nation and almost brought this nation to destruction. Siri will cultural value seemed to lose meaning in the universe. Rampant corruption that has been rooted in the life of the nation started from the bottom level to high state officials, abuse and drug trafficking are increasingly menggurita, fighting between students and various crimes that have eliminated the sense of security of every citizen, are clear evidence of the moral degradation of the nations generation will be the absence of value-laden siri (shame).

Education is a process to change the identity of a student for the more advanced. Therefore, the values of local wisdom-based education is a meaning and a precise and accurate measurement to influence and change the quality of the value of education itself. As we have seen that the values of todays education has decreased, this is evidenced by the behavior of learners and those who have higher education tend to forget the norms, rules, etiquette especially unfavorable morality due to the lack of values education especially not culture planting efforts siri (Shame) in school.

This article will describe the problem and provide solutions to the value of education, especially in Indonesia

Topic: Education



The background of this research is the teaching process of civics education at schools which tends to be teacher centered that without our knowing it may put an end to students’ courage to take initiative, kill the desire on their part to express their opinions and bear any resultant consequences, are not ready to enter into arguments and have different opinions and less able to live in diversity. The teaching learning process have been as yet unable to push towards students’ dynamic development and create a culture of critical thinking process. In order to enhance and improve such a culture in the teaching and learning of civics education, conducive learning conditions should therefore be in existence. The main research problem is what kind of democracy/value based teaching inquiry model that may enrich or improve students’ critical thinking ability in the teaching learning of civics education?
In general, the purpose of this research is to obtain a development of teaching inquiry model basing on value/democracy towards enrichment of students’ critical thinking ability in the teaching learning of civics education.
The approach used in this research is a qualitative one using a study case method. Data collection is carried out through observations, in-depth interviews and documentary studies. The target is being the teaching activities in the classroom(s) focusing on the behavior of teachers and students as well as teaching learning atmosphere.
The results of this research indicate that value/democracy based inquiry model being developed is the teaching learning model of civics education emphasizing on the process of search and find oneself the answer to a problem. The learning phases consequently applied are: orientation, formulation of problems, hypothesis formulation, data collection, hypothesis testing and drawing of conclusions. In its implementation, students are positioned as learners and teachers as questioners, facilitators, motivators and administrators. Teachers make every efforts possible to create a responsive and interesting and enjoyable situation to the students. In the course of studies, teachers guide and direct students by applying the values of freedom, responsibility, agreement, pluralistic and tolerance. These conditions thus create the ability to think critical, to grow in the spirit of creativity, to be highly committed towards the values of democracy, the courage to ask questions, to express opinions, ideas, propositions and to argue, not being afraid to make mistakes during learning process and to differ in opinions while upholding tolerance. The learning process is more well directed, class interaction is more optimum, students enjoy the process and do not feel under pressure. Students are able to show cooperation, openness and responsibility.

Topic: Education


Character Education in Higher Education: An Example of SFL GBA Practice

Character is a realisation of a person's positive or good development which enable the person to act intellectually, socially, emotionally, and ethically (Battistich, 2005, p. 1; Webber, 2006). In order to reach good characters, an effective character education is required (see Berkowitz & Bier, 2005) including in higher education. However, character education in higher education is not an easy task. There are some negative arguments on character education in higher education, such as higher education should be value-neutral or higher education is too late for moral and civic education (see Colby, 2002). Character is not merely a learning subject, such as civic and moral education subject in higher education, instead, character can be learned through a teaching and learning activity in higher education of any subject by using a literacy approach known as Systemic Functional Linguistics Genre-based Approach (see Hardini, 2013). This essay will elaborate the application of Systemic Functional Linguistics Genre-based Approach into three psychological dimensions of character education namely awareness, attitude, and action (Berkowitz & Bier, 2005; Lickona, 1999a; Lickona & Davidson, 2005; Turner & Berkowitz, 2005).

Topic: Education


1*Sulastri, 2Dasim Budimansyah, and 3Wahyu Sopandi

The Pre-service chemistry teachers, they learn science education and concepts of chemistry to be a good chemistry teacher. Mastery of chemistry education alone is not enough. The future chemistry teachers need to have the environmental awareness to be able to utilize chemicals safely for himself, people and whole environment. Therefore, chemistry learning needs to be enriched with value education. This research aimed at describing the implementation of value clarification technique combined with problem based learning and project based learning in basic chemistry course for organic chemistry topics. The subjects of study were all of students of Chemistry Study Program of Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Syiah Kuala University of academic year 2014-2015 at even semester that consist of 9 male students and 38 female students. To collect data used field notes, documentation, questionnaires and a portfolio report. The analysis data used data collection, data reduction, data presentation and conclusion. After learning process as steps of value clarification technique by choosing, prizing and acting, they clarified things as follow: air pollution; the use of plastic polymer; global warming and climate exchange; the use of motorcycles; developing research to solve environmental problems; household waste management, the use of food additive as borax, the future energy; and handling of mercury waste, water pollution, household waste, the use of used cooking oil, sanitary napkins, the use of tissue, burning tires in farm, cosmetics, artificial sweeteners. There were no pre-service teachers clarified the value of herbicides, pesticides, Persistent Organic Pollutants, and materials for refrigerator or air condition as part of topics what they have learned. The research conclusions were learning organic chemistry by integrating value clarification technique, project based learning and problem based learning strategies can be applied in chemistry learning; Students become able to clarify the human value in nature with regard to most of the topics they have studied in organic chemistry. Based on the findings in this study recommended that the innovative learning strategies such as value clarification, project based learning and problem based learning could be be adopted in chemistry education courses to increase the environmental awareness of pre-service teacher.

Topic: Education


Edu-Tourism Recreation Park Development in Promoting Education for Sustainable Development Case Study on Agritourism Children Parks in Bandung, Indonesia
Heri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini

Tourism is a promising industry that many countries have strived to develop the industry to gain economy, ecology, social, and cultural benefits from the development. Many tourism businesses has a significant effort to create value for gaining tourists or visitors to use their products and services. One of the value that has been created was to develop educational meaning on the destination. Nowadays, people travels not only for pleasure during their leisure time, but also to gain more experience and knowledge during their travel. The tourists who travel for educational purposes are called edu-tourists. The motivation between having pleasure and gaining knowledge are sometimes blurred. They wanted to find the deeper meaning of travelling or gaining knowledge without neglecting the “fun, fantasy, and feeling” towards the destination. This notion are captured by the tourists attraction business players to develop edu-tourism recreation park where tourists could have fun while learning. Moreover, the edu-tourism destination and the activities developed are ranging for a family with children market (free individual traveller) to the schools or group of study tours market. Both of the market are offered by edu-tourism products and services that actually contains the notion of education for susainable development (ESD). Unesco stated that the concept of ESD are intended to promote the ability of people with skills to sustain the development for the future. ESD should be promoted by many sectors, not just the educational istitutions sectors. There should be an integration or a link between sectors to promote ESD to reach a large number of people to understand about this notion. This research will focus on how the edu-tourism recration parks has managed their educational value to meet the needs for schools to introduce the ESD’s objectives. The methods of this research is qualitative research using case study to two edu-tourism recreation park in Bandung Indonesia and two elementary schools that has a study tour program in that parks. The data are compiled by in-depth interview to understand whether the schools and the recreations park have already understood about ESD notions. The results are expected to understand whether the value created by the edu-tourism recreation park has already supported the ESD objectives of the schools when they take their students to visit that parks. This results has implication both for the edu-tourist attractions development, as well as, the school for improving its curricullum for supporting the ESD.

Topic: Education


Expressive writing in Minimizing Students Public Speaking Anxiety
FitriaTresnawati, S.Pd, Bachrudin Musthafa, M.A, Ph.D

Many students of EFL find it difficult to deliver their ideas in front of audiences, eventhough they have capabilities to do that. It is found that the commonest problem comes from the students themselves, such as lack of confidence and fright of making mistakes. Therefore, students’ anxieties to speak in front of audience is considered as an emergency issue in teaching EFL in Indonesia. Related to this probem, this study attempts to observe (1) what factors cause students’ public speaking anxiety in EFL context, (2) how expressive writing helps students in minimizing their public speaking anxiety, and (3) observe the benefits and challenges for students in doing expressive writing. The data in this study were collected through observation, document analysis, and interview, then they were analyzed qualitatively. This study was undertaken in one university in Bandung. Four participants were selected purposively based on certain criteria. After all, it is found that there are four factors that might cause the students’ speaking anxiety, namely lack of confidence, lack of vocabulary, fear of failure, and fear of negative evaluation. Regarding the benefits and challenges of expressive writing in minimizing students speaking anxiety, it is found that expressive writing helps students to have better speaking performance, lower level of public speaking anxiety, and better mental especially in emotion management, stress management, and problem solving. However, it is also found that the students have difficulties in encouraging themselves to keep on writing during the sessions of expressive writing, moreover, students need more efforts at the beginning of the expressive writing sessions.

Topic: Education


Puspo Dewi Dirgantari, Agus Rahayu, Disman, Ratih Hurriyati

Every year universities in Indonesia continue to grow in number and location dominated region of West Java and Banten provinces. Nevertheless, the number of college students in West Java decreased. Moreover, at a time when competition among universities is getting higher, ranking universities in West Java decreased in the world and/or Asia. And low national peoples preferences on best university in west java.Some of it shows the problems of the low utilization of the brand momentum universities in West Java. This study uses science approach to referral marketing management theory. The method used in this research is descriptive survey and explanatory survey. The data used are primary data and secondary data that were collected through questionnaires and documentation of media. Meanwhile, to measure the influence of brand element and marketing mix of educational services to brand momentum of higher education institution in West Java used Structural Equation Modelling.

Topic: Education


Developing Local Advantage and Self Potential Character Base Teaching Learning Model to Prevent Human Trafficking in West Kalimantan Borders
Endang Purwaningsih, Yohanes Bahari, Fatmawati


Sajingan Besar is one of the Indonesia-Malaysia region border that is extremely vulnerable and have a huge potential of human trafficking. This research aims to develop character strengthening teaching learning model of basic school students in Sajingan Besar to prevent human trafficking. Character strengthening of students is carried out by extra-curricular activities at school sociodrama. Sociodrama manuscript material is sourced from local advantage and student’s self potential character. This study uses a Research and Development design. In the first year of study, we explore the values of local advantages and self potential then develop a character strengthening teaching learning model. Data collection technique uses interview, observation, and documentation study. Data analysis technique uses interactive models. The subjects of study are students, teachers, and headmasters of two elementary schools and two junior high schools in the border of Sajingan Besar district, Sambas, West Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. The finding of study shows that: 1) there are some values of local advantages, namely "balalek" or mutual assistance (containing value of caring and solidarity), and a close relationship value (containing value of shared causes). In addition, there are self potentials in the form of determination to move forward, motivation to study, as well as self-esteem 2) Character strengthening learning model is an internalization of local advantages and self potential through sociodrama extra-curricular activities based on character. In sociodrama extra-curricular activities, there is an internalization of caring, solidarity, shared causes, determination to go forward, motivation to study, and self-esteem values through a process of moral knowing, moral feeling, and moral action. As a result, there are outcomes of self awareness on continuing to higher education and determination to face various social problems in society such as human trafficking.

Topic: Education


Strengthening Learning Process of Sociology In High School : Expectation , Challenges and Current Practice
Lilik Tahmidaten

The implementation of K-13 requires teachers to adjust and be prepared with the changes from the previous curriculum, particularly in regard with the learning process, as teachers play important role in the implementation of K-13. Each teacher, including senior high school sociology teacher, must be prepared to implement the K-13 which focus in strengthening learning process. The implementation of the scientific approach, which put scientific method as the driver of the learning process, in guiding students to self-discover, emphasizing the ability to use language as a mean of communication, and knowledge carrier and developing the logical, systematic, and creative thinking, will be the main strategy of the learning process in K-13. Under these conditions, the researcher is interested in investigating strategies to strengthen the learning process of high school sociology learning based in K-13 including the aspects of expectation, challenges, and current practices. The conclusion are: 1) From the aspect of expectation, strengthening learning process of high school sociology subject using K-13 approach brings changes to the learning result. For instance, through sociology learning, students will have individual and social awareness, social sensitivity and cares upon social problems (grade X) as well as able to suggest solutions to the problems (grade XI). Further, it is expected that the students will be encouraged to make social empowerment (grade XII). Besides, by employing the teaching methods rooted in scientific approach, students’ perception of sociology as an abstract, theoretical, and boring subject will likely change into an interesting and contextual subject. 2) From the aspect of challenge, shifting old paradigm about teaching sociology that has been rooted so far is not an easy task, one of the reasons is because most of the sociology teacher do not have sociology or sociology education academic background. Therefore, the appropriate strategy to deal with such situation is to educate and train them about the nature and basic purpose of sociology education in high school, the sociology basic competency of high school students, and the appropriate learning models, 3) From the aspect of current practice, it is not easy to prepare sociology teachers to be ready to implement the requirement and emphasis of the K-13. Practical guidance on how to implement the learning process in the K-13 is not sufficient to change the learning process of sociology, currently practiced by high schools teachers. The primary reason is the difficult of changing the paradigm in teaching sociology in high school

Topic: Education



Abstract: The reasons of this research are decreasing of students mathematics connections and decreasing of knowledge about local wisdom of Malay Sambas ethnic. Short-term goal is make the students worksheets and lesson plans based on local wisdom of Malay Sambas ethnic. While the long-term goal of this research is availability of textbooks, student worksheets and lesson plans based on local wisdom of Malay Sambas ethnic which able to optimize students mathematics connections. The method which used in the research is development research, which intends to develop education products such as mathematics teaching materials which like a book. In this research, the development design which used is like Plomp Project. The results showed that there are 12 types of local wisdom of Malay Sambas ethnic. While there are 7 types of local wisdom of Malay Sambas Ethnic which relevant with mathematics education, such as cikram, antar pinang, saprah, tarup, tepung tawar, ngukor, belallalek and pacoan.

Topic: Education


The Profile and Implementation of Accounting Sciences Affective Aspects on Lecturer of LPTK
1) Meta Arief, 2) Umar Faruk, 3) Leni Yulianti

Comes from the sense of concern over the financial misapplication cases in Indonesian society. There are some factors that lead to financial misapplication, such as the nescience or inability to manage financial sector, and limited set of rules and procedures that lead to financial fraud.
The discipline that closely relates to finance is Accounting, a knowledge which has been taught since Senior High School, particularly in Business and Financial Major on Vocational School.
Accounting is a discipline that teaches the process of making financial information system. The learning process requires discipline, orderliness, integrity, and thoroughness, a positive trait that would be able to prevent someone from making mistakes, including errors in financial terms. These characters that come from the values of Accounting need to be implanted and nurtured from the beginning to Senior High School’s students in order to reduce financial misapplication cases in Indonesia.

Based on those ideas, the position of LPTK lecturers in Accounting Education major has a strategic role in implementing value philosophy of accounting to their student’s daily life through learning process in university. They also act as the role model for prospective Senior High School accounting teacher in designing affective learning process

Topic: Education


Taawun value in the Development program of Inclusive Education (Case Study on SDN Putraco Indah)
Kokom St. Komariah

This dissertation entitled "Taawun value in the Development program of Inclusive Education (Case Study on SDN Putraco Indah)". The topic has been chosen based on the neglect value internalization phenomena in the educational system. The internalization values is fundamental aspect of the totality education system, especially in Inclusive School. Internatlization on values that support the implementation it self in inclusive education is more neccessary. The main question of this research is how to implement major values in the development program of inclusive education in "SDN Puteraco Indah Bandung". The research could contribute in optimization of education outcomes and resulted an comprehensive human accordance through integration of the national regulation.
The approach used in this study is qualitative, at a case study with descriptive analytic method. The theories selected to analyze this study are : Ground theory, Social heurmenetics and thematic studies of Al Quran by al Qarafy. The data obtained through observation, interviews, questionaires and document research. The credibility and validity of the data obtained through triangulation with use of research instruments.
The result of the study shown that the value of Taawun (mutual help) precisely developed as the main value in inclusive education in primary school. Ta’awun value is also found can be described hierarchically into the basic value, instrument value and praxis value. The basic values of Taawun are tolerant, sympathetic, and emphathetic, while instrumental values of it are providing assistance, cooperation. Empirically, the praxis values became part of the attitudes and behavior community.
The taawun value development program in context of inclusive education in "SDN Puteraco Indah" is quite successful. It is proven by public trust to the school, the number of students with special needs was initiated by government in public education is 10% of the total number of the student.Actually in this school, number of students with special needs could reach 64%. It means that this school community accepts the existence of special needs students. In addition, the atmosphere of helping each other between the regular and students with specials needs is prominent. Similarly, a family atmosphere among parents is very strong. Thus, it can be concluded that the inclusive primary school of Puteraco Indah have the best practice. In terms of implementation of development programs practices, Taawun value is the main value of inclusive education in inclusive school. As a recommendation, the school can be used as a reference for the inclusion program of another school.

Topic: Education


Saepul Anwar

Nowadays, social conflicts are still exists and almost founded in every county around The Globe. Even in Indonesia, based on data reported by Mabes Polri, The conflict tends to increase 50% every year between 2010 and 2013. Therefore, in 2012 government of Indonesia released law of social conflict management No. 7 2012. Generally, the law regulates about prevention, cessation, and recovery after conflict. Based on that regulation, keeping peace in society is one of the best ways to prevent social conflict and the Government should facilitates this among others through strengthening religious education both in schools and society. This paper seeks to provide argumentative review about the importance of religious education in schools in an effort to instill tolerance in the pupil.

Topic: Education


Tati Abas, Yoyoh Jubaedah, Nenden Rani Rinekasari

This research aims to develop a model the family life education based on family’s sustainability. Research and development approach was as a problem solving, through : 1) the preliminary study, 2) the development of model, and 3) the validation of model. The preliminary study carried out activities: a) study literature relating to the problem of research, b) identification of the characteristics of the family life education based on experts opinion, c) designing the design of family life education model based on the sustainability of the family. The stage of the development of model conducted: a) development of teaching materials, b) trial a design model, c) evaluation and consummation the model. The validation was tested through; a validation by expert judgement, empirical, and evaluation and improvements study. Finnaly, the result of this study can provide: 1) the model of family life education based on family’s sustainability, 2) the teaching materials of family life education based on family’s sustainability.

Topic: Education


The Role of Civic Education in Forming Global Citizen in Elementary School
Candra C

One role of civic education in curricular dimension is forming a good and smart citizen in the context as a global citizen. Attribute changes character of citizens very desired for the development of the concept of civic education. The character of Indonesian citizens to be formed will be influenced by the interests of nation and state according with time as well. Character of citizens are not only influenced by the interests of nation but also be able to accommodate the global developments because citizens not only live in the nation environment but also live with other nations in the International association. Thus, the character of global citizen and future become essential development of the concept of civic education included educational programs in elementary school. The development dimension of the content and process of civic education in elementary school becomes important to accommodate proportionally global issues that the students are able to act as citizens and as global citizen.

Topic: Education


Efforts of Principal in Eradicate Irregularities Through Student Program 10 Habituation Morals Noble in SMP Negeri 1 Pabuaran Sukabumi Regency
Rizki Muhammad Ramdhan

The main objective of this study was to determine how the principal efforts in tackling the various forms of irregularities committed by the student through the program 10 habituation noble character in SMP Negeri 1 Pabuaran Sukabumi. The method used is descriptive method with field observations. The results obtained in the implementation of the program 10 habituation noble character has helped in generating the atmosphere of the school change significantly with changes in students toward a better and religious.

Topic: Education


Susanti Kurniawati

Academic culture is important factor to determine quality of education. Academic culture should give the better place for all students to support their academic achievement. So that, the aim of study was to determine the academic culture level and its indicators which could support to student’s academic achievement. This research conducted by survey to 100 students at UPI. The result of this research reveal that through factor analysis seven indicators of academic culture was determined : appreciation objectively, reading habit, knowledge improvement effort, writing articles, discussion, quality of student – lecture relationship, and school good governance. The higher level of academic culture were appreciate to their teacher who assess base on data and improvement their knowledge by internet. On the other hand the lower level of academic culture were assessment base on standard, reading habit, student ‘s participation at seminars, and writing article on the journal, newspaper , blog, etc.

Topic: Education


Inclusive Education Policy in East Java
Slamet Thohari dan Ucca Arawindha

Many crucial problems happened to People with disabilities in Indonesia, lack of accecibilities in public space, stigma, acess in economic, education etc. For long time, their education have been sagregated from reguler schools. They have been positioned/located at Special school which saparated them from other people based on their disability, such as blind, deaf, and phisical disabilities etc.
More currently, some of activists promoted “inclusive education” which means education which can load all pupil weather disabled or not disabled, the reguler students will be studying together with disabled student. Hellen Keller International is one of institution which has remarkable contribution to the implementation of inclusive schools in East Java. Based on this reasons, this paper will retrace the policy and implementation of inclusive education in East Java and second how does the Hellen Keller International contribute to that policy. This reseach used the social movement theory explaining the role of international agencies in the wave of movement. The methode used in this reseach is qualitative methode using deep intreview, observations and documentation, then match them as findings.
The reseach showed how the Hellen Keller International has great role in the develompment of inclusive education in East Java. It has done significant works which are (1) arrangning, developing and then sincronizing the policy with the budget for inclusive education in provincies as well as in regencies. 2) developing the scheme of inclusive education and training for shadows teachers assting people with diabilities in their classes (3) promoting the disability awarenness among society and promoting the importance of inclusive education for people with disabilities.
Mainwhile, there are policies which hav been supported by Hellen Keller International. It also initiated a regulation on inclusive education which is Provincial regulation no 6 2011 on inclusive education in East Java. It also initated many local regulation which enforcing schools to implement inclusive education such as: Sidoarto, Nganjuk, etc.

Topic: Education


Multimodality in the Curriculum in Indonesia: What is It? What Does It Mean for Literacy Education in Indonesia and How Should We Appropriately Respond to It?
Budi Hermawan

Literacy as a broad term has always been refered to the ability to read and write, and writing is almost always understood in its simplest way as using letters to represent what we mean. The definition along with the prevalent understanding has sidelined two things. First it ‘marginalized’ people who use other semiotic resources for example image to represent what they mean, and second it underestimates that the ability to read and use this other semiotic resource is also a literacy in its own. In fact, recent development of science and knowledge has seen more of their representation represented through the use of other semiotic source in particular image and the combination of verbal-image, hence the use of multi modes, rather than just one single mode of verbal. This paper discusses what multimodality is, examines the traces of multimodality, the use of different modes in communication, in the controversial curriculum 2013 and the challenges and opportunities it poses to those, especially teachers and students, involved in education. The paper also shares insights into how we should respond appropriately to the challenges. To focus the discussion the paper looks into electronic Science and English textbooks for teachers provided by the government. A suggestion, perhaps a demanding invitation, is then offered to probe into and reconstruct the definition and referent of literacy especially in the context of education in Indonesia.

Topic: Education


1)Maulia Depriya Kembara; 2)Dasim Budimansyah; 3)Achmad Munandar; 4)Burhanudin Tola

A study about scientific literacy profile of student teachers had been conducted on Science for all context. Respondent were 384 student teachers from five faculties that involved in general education program. They were students on Technological Cultural Social and Environmental Education. The investigation was carrie out in General Education Department. Data were collected by: 1) test of scientific literacy; 2) attitude scale; and 3) interview. Analysis of data was conducted by descriptive statistics and qualitative analysis. Research identified that student teachers had low competency (39,41% -49,36%) in scientific literacy. Using scientific evidence competency was higher than identifying scientific issues and explaining scientific phenomena. Although student teachers had low to high scientific attitude competency (1.51-3.5) in support scientific inquiry, believe they can succees in science, interested in science, and feel responsible toward resources and the environtment. Result indicated that student teachers had moderate to high motivation in science.

Topic: Education


Policy Review in Nonformal and Informal Education Institution Into Professional Education Services for Community
Yanti Shantini, Elih Sudiapermana

Awareness of the need for non-formal education services that organized professionally , encourage the Government to continued support the community in the form of setting rules and monitoring for the providers. The providers are expected to provide the best service according to the needs and problems faced by society. In the implementation of the 5 institution specified in the National Education System Law No. 20 in 2013, has now developed several new institution in similar institution which organizes educational programs and services that are relatively the same. The lack of clear specification of each institution and program developed for managing PNFI make confusion in the manager program and the personel in the area to supervise and monitor the institution. This study carried out the analysis of 1) knowledge of the institution manager for the specification of their institution, 2) knowledge of personnel who guide and monitor the implementation of the institution in the area, 3) Develop the ideal institution managment which is formed of, by and for society and 4) Develop nonformal institution program for response community needs to assign for a learning society.
The study was conducted using a descriptive study on non-formal education institution in the area by using data collection technique documentation studies, literature, study of primary data and focus group studies. In the four districts /cities in West Java. Data and information gained the qualitative information and data perceptional which consists of a structured questionnaire, open interview and record of the discussion focused
The findings of the study is the difference in the unit of analysis PNFI studied for the community of users and programs developed as a recommendation to PNFI policy development in the coming years

Topic: Education


Revitalising Cooperative Values in Indonesian Educators for a Professional Learning Community
Christine Pheeney

Over 700 distinct indigenous communities form today’s Indonesia. Their historical coming together was built upon five strategic principles, known as Pancasila. The Pancasila are collectively represented by the phrase and goal ‘Unity in Diversity’. To work towards this goal, the Indonesian education department directs teachers to create learning opportunities to develop a national character so that students learn how to live lives that characterise unity in diversity. Over the decades, the education system has encountered complex political influences and increased impacts of globalisation. Unfortunately a by-product of these encounters has been development of a false dichotomy amongst teachers: traditional cooperative values central to community daily living relegated to the personal arena, leaving isolation to take over professional practice. Holistic revitalisation of cooperative values to strengthen interdependence in working towards collective goals is recommended. This study describes a workshop undertaken in Subang District of West Java to initiate the revitalisation of traditional cooperative unifying values as the basis for a professional learning community. Research promotes the engagement of various stakeholders in professional dialogue therefore the interaction of teachers, teacher educators (from Indonesia’s Education University), and the district governance was facilitated, in the workshop. The traditional community value, commonly known as ‘gotong royong’ was explored to consider its attributes for application to professional cooperation. Interactions involved mentoring, transparency, and active engagement in cooperative values. The teachers’ reflections following the activity showed motivation to problem solve within a professional education community. It is suggested that grassroots interactions, focussed on professional cooperation and combined with administrative support would be beneficial in developing national character, in and through education.

Topic: Education


Preliminary Study of Knowledge Improvement for Professional Practice Through Collaborative-Reflective Supervision
Asep Sudarsyah

The aim of this qualitative study is to explore school conditions and needs of teachers professional knowledge in practice through Collaborative-Reflective Supervision (CRS) at one elementary school under the guidance Indonesia of University Education. This research, a preliminary study, looked for empirical evident about school condition in general and needs of teacher professional development that was suitable with the CRS model. The results of study is constructed as a scaffolding for component of the CRS. The data was gathered based on in-depth interview and participative observation with one principal and school members. The problem of teacher professional development is used to be implemented in perspective, directive, and short term modes; consequently it must be changed becoming the more collaborative, constructive, school-based and collegial relationship. The CRS is a supervisor (in this case are principal and master teacher) activity to facilitate teachers to learn together in improving professional practical knowledge by rethinking the experience in order to design better instruction in future. Reflection process is started by responding particular problem which arose in the classroom or to expand more knowledge and apply in professional practice situation. The CRS should see a collaborative, constructive, school-based and collegial relationship. The results of the study indicate that the school have the features available for condition to implement the CRS, and fulfill to the needs of teacher professional development. All of the results can be constructed as component of the CRS model, consist of reflection process, distributed function of supervision, structural leadership of principal and collegial relationship.

Topic: Education


The Study of Service Quality and Competitiveness of Secondary Education (high school) in West Sumbawa, Indonesia.
Sukardi and Lalu Ali Wardana

This study aims to Determine: the quality of education services and the level of competitiveness of the education on high school level (SMA) in West Sumbawa Regency. This study uses a ServQual (service quality) method involving 210 high school of stakeholders as subjects which were determined by random sampling. The instrument was adapted from an instrument developed by Amin (2011), which includes eight national educational standards of Indonesia (content, graduation, learning, assessment, educators and staff, facilities, management, and financing standard) and four factors of competitiveness (input factors, demand conditions, the relevance of education, and education strategy). Data were Analyzed using Importance Performance Analysis (Martilla & James (1977) and analysis of Diamond Porter (1990). The survey found that the expected content standards, processes, financing, management, facilities and infrastructure, and competency standards are not in line the reality so that it becomes priority for the improvement. While the result of the survey indicates a low capacities for the four competitiveness factors; input, demand, the relevance of education, and education strategy.

Topic: Education



Islamic religious function at themselves adherents as a guide and a guide or hudan li al-nas (instructions for human life). delivery of religious teachings by the Prophet includes two forms: First, form study groups (teaching), Second, form uswah hasanah (a good example). Talim (teaching) is necessary, in order to anticipate the progress and development of life science community and accountability. The position of science in Islam is very strong, demanding mastered by any of his people, even within certain limits according to his ability. Understanding of the al-Islam can not be separated from an understanding of the sources of his teachings, namely the al-Quran and al-Sunnah and the environment (human and natural surroundings), then the learning process to the second source, it should be done in an integrated manner in the various corners. This study will examine the concept of al-Islam Kaffah referred to in the al-Quran in Islamic education curriculum in formal educational institutions. Qualitative descriptive research used to describe the concept of Islamic education that can implement Islamic values towards al-Islam kaffah referred to in the al-Quran. The conclusions of this study is the concept al-Islam kaffah in the curriculum of Islamic education in schools is given in an integrated and continuously according to the function of man as abd Allah (habluminallah) and as inheritors of the earth (hablumminannas).

Topic: Education


Automatic Test Assembly (ATA) for Parallel Test Based on The IRT Information Function from The Item Bank of Math.

This research aims to develop automated test assembly program (ATA) to assemble a few packets parrallel based on the information function from the item bank of math calibrated IRT.
Some constraints become a parameter in the process of assembling the test, namely: "factors" to determine the function of the target information; the number of packets matter; the number of grains of each package with regard Competency Standards, Basic Competence, and indicators; item number together/anchor/ common items and how to decide.
The method used in this research is the research and development (Research & Development), consisting of eight phases, namely: identification of needs, early product development, internal testing, refinement of the initial product / phase I trial of individuals (teachers), analysis and refinement phase II, expert validation, teacher testing, finalization of the product. Assessment carried out by an expert/experts in the field: matter experts, psychometrics, and IT. Products tested to subject teachers.
Qualitative data in the form of input and suggestions about the question bank and the ATA immediately followed. Quantitative data were obtained in the form of grain parameters of packets the results of assembly and questionnaire data from experts and teachers. Analysis of the level of equality of some package resulting from the assembly include: mean items parameters (level of difficulty,discrimination and guessi
ng) and standard deviation of packets ; curve from function information some the package that is described on the same scale; average and MSE of the information functional difference between the package; as well as the relative effectiveness between packets. Response Questionnaire from experts and teachers is quantitative data, and then analyzing about validity of Aiken's V and intra-class coefficient (ICC). The data are also grouped into 5 categories, ie excellent, good, fair, poor, and bad by comparing the calculation of the mean score of empirical data by the mean score of the ideal to see every aspect of the assessed categories.
The results showed: the response validity statement to each questionnaire from experts and teacher is averages well, correlation intra-class (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC) with an average agreement among experts (rater) 0.868, and reliability Cronbach Alpha responses teachers showed a high value. Assessed for all aspects of the ATA in a good category. And 5 (five) about the assembled pack is parallel equality analysis.

Topic: Education


Cooperation Skills Upgrading Seconday High School Students in Social Studies with Used Learning Strategy Type Jigsaw
Mochamad Syaichudin

Jigsaw is a type of cooperative learning developed by Elliot Aronson s. This learning model is designed to increase students sense of responsibility for their own learning and the learning of others . Students not only learn the material given , but they must also be ready to give and teach the material to the group . This is a key lesson interpedensi each student group members to provide the necessary information with the aim to take the best test.Model this learning can be implemented by the subject teachers social studies . Type jigsaw that will be implemented both to small groups and field tests have been through expert validation . This research is expected from the students receive materials social studies not just rote but also comprehend and understand . Outputs generated in this study in the form of journals and teaching materials

Topic: Education


Community-based education in reviews critical education (an education social studies)
Dr. Yulia Tri Samiha. M.Pd. , Muhammad Isnaini, S.Ag. M.Pd.

Community-based education in reviews critical education (an education social studies)

Constitution of Indonesia republic no. 20 2013 on Sisdiknas article 55 states the public has the right to provide education called community-based education, both in formal and non forma, according to the particularities of religious, social environment, and culture “for benefit society.” But the organization of community-based education must still follow and implement curriculum and evaluation of education, as well as management and financing in accordance with national education standards. The problem is, can a public education institutions follow the curriculum, evaluation, management and financing of education in accordance with government regulations called community-based education?
Critical education with characters such as Paulo Freire Henry A. Giroux Michael W. Appel, Peter Mcaren and others always made it clear that education is political, it means that any educational policy made by the government always contains political purposes, to perpetuate its power. Critical education has always consider the relation between knowledge and power. Education in critical education is not neutral, but to favor the interests and ideology of the author, in this case government. Therefore, when the constitution states that community-based education is done “for the benefit of society”, it is for critical education is an irony and paradox. To that end, social studies education on community-based education in the review of critical education is an important thing to do. What actually community-based education, what philosophical foundation and how the correlation between community-based education and state-based education in critical education. Studies in social philosophy of education is intended to “expose” the irony and paradox contained in the constitution above, in hope of community-based education really be based on the public interest, not interests of government.

Topic: Education


Improving Critical Thinking in Academic Writing through Portfolio in Higher Education
Damajanti Kusuma Dewi

Critical thinking skill is one of 21st century skills that supports the mastery of academic writing. Academic writing skill requires critical thinking to express arguments in such systematic and scientific way based on trusted sources.
Facione (2011) argues that there are 6 stages in critical thinking, namely interpretation, analysis, interference, evaluation, explanation and self-regulation. These stages were applied to writing activities. The outline of academic writing consists of three parts, namely the introduction, development and conclusions. Each part requires the ability to think critically.
To be able to think critically, one needs to have prior data. Therefore, it is necessary to use portfolio to support these strategies. This study uses action research to psychology students who programmed academic writing course.

Topic: Education


Dr. CeceP Darmawan Syaifullah, M, Si Leni Anggraeni, M.Pd

The young generation is a figure of potential existence into hope to realize the ideals of community, state and nation. With qualified young generation, it is possible to realize these ideals. Conversely, the lower the quality of the younger generation, then it would only be a burden in the implementation of development of a nation. The potential of the younger generation, an absolute must properly empowered through various positive measures so diverse potential inherent in the younger generation can be actualized properly.

Community Civic emphasis on participation and act as citizens in the social life in the neighborhood. Civic Engagement is one of the main concepts in Community Civic emphasis on citizen involvement in various aspects of life. Student Entrepreneurial Program is one program offered by the Higher Education in order to develop students potential as a prospective entrepreneur is very important for the progress and independence of the nation.
Student entrepreneurship program encourages students to develop independent attitudes and behavior, cooperation, business opportunities to become entrepreneurs as a preparation for life in society

Topic: Education


Validation of Thesis of Undergraduate Student of Geography Education Department, Faculty of Social Science, State University of Malang
Yusuf Suharto

The aim from this research is to inspect the substance validity and the language of undergraduate students of Geography Education Department, Faculty of Social Science, State University of Malang. This analysis is focused to student’s thesis of Geography Department, Faculty of Social Science, State University of Malang year 2011-2013. The restriction of writing year is based on some argumentations that the thesis, which are written on those year, are still relevant to be used as a reference until the next ten years. If the substance or the language of the thesis itself are not analyzed carefully, the next thesis, that make a reference to those document, will do a same mistake. The methods of this research is contain analysis and uses some validation instrument, they are the column of validation substance criteria and the language of the thesis itself. The result of the research are; first, the substance weakness of the thesis on correspondence aspect and the rationalization of the result of the re-search; and second, the language weakness on communication aspect which is not reproductive. Others research findings are; first, the students prefer to finish their thesis on short term semester; second, the students prefer to do non experiment research–classroom action research–and experiment research, and third, there are some indications that the scoring of thesis assessment are not consistent.

Topic: Education


Puspo Dewi Dirgantari, Agus Rahayu, Disman, Ratih Hurriyati

Abstract— Every year universities in Indonesia continues to increase in number and its growth location dominated in the province of West Java and Banten. Nevertheless, the number of college students in West Java decreased. Similarly, the peoples preference for universities in West Java as an excellence college that implicitly it can also identically as the best universities in Indonesia is still low. the existence of some of the problems mentioned above shows that there is a problem concerning not optimal brand momentum of colleges in West Java. This study uses a management science approach of marketing. The method used in this study is descriptif survey and explanatory survey. The data used are primary data and secondary data collected through questionnaires and documentation. To measure the influence of brand and marketing mix elements of education services for the brand value of higher education in West Java used SEM (Structural Equation Modelling) analysis technique. Results of the study revealed that the brand elements and the marketing mix of education services has positive influence on the brand momentum of higher education in West Java.

Topic: Education


Danang Tandyonomanu (1); Damajanti Kusuma Dewi (2); Irena Yolanita Maureen (3)

As an educational institute, State University of Surabaya provides educational psychology course for all students. The purpose of this course is provide basic, and to shift the thinking of K-12 learning system for education learning systems that require higher order thinking skills.
The aim of the research is to increase high-level thinking skills through project-based learning in the course of Educational Psychology. The application of the project-based learning resource would require systematic learning the which is learning module. In designing the project-based learning modules, this development research applied the four phases of the 4D model Thiagarajan (Define and Design, Development and Dissemination).
The findings suggest that the use of project-based learning module had enhanced higher order thinking skills.

Topic: Education


Syaifullah, M.Si

Globalization requires a number of competencies that must be owned by all citizen. With the support of the competence of the citizens will be able to participate actively in the context of globalization in accordance with their respective fields.
Civic education has a very strategic role in order to prepare the competence of citizens in the era of globalization. This is because through civic education, students will develop their potential optimally, knowledge, attitudes, and skills that are necessary in the context of globalization.
Global vision of citizenship education is the effort made by the education and development of civic education in developing contextual material that is of global dimensions, associated with a wide range of contemporary issues relevant to the study of civic education. With this effort, then globalization will be able to wisely and critically addressed by citizens with the support of adequate competence.

Topic: Education


The Development Emphathy Character through Social-Cultural Citizenship Movement (Study in Senior High School Muthahhari Bandung)
Dr. Rahmat, M.Si

Empathy character is very important to be taught and developed for student because student empathy character tends to decrease. This situation is inseparable from the not effective development empathy character through learning in the classroom. This research aim to analyze and organize argumentative information about social-cultural citizenship movement which is developed in Senior High School Plus Muthahhari to build student empathy character. This research used qualitative approach with case study method, while data collecting technique used deep interview, observation, study documentation. The first result of research obtained that, empathy in Senior High School Plus Muthahhari interpreted as a manifestation of religious morals and serve as the basis to develop intelligence and creativity of students. Second, through intervention and habituation in the activies of mass circumcise, Spiritual Work Camp, and perform kifarat (social service) to build and develop student empathy effectively on the poor life so that student can be respect others and have not taken difference of social status aspect and economy as barrier life. The success of empathy character development is reached by sustainable efforts, integrated, systematized, through intra-curricular, co-curricular, and extra-curricular activities.

Topic: Education


Development Models Hockey Games 25
Yan Indra Siregar, Ibrahim*

Development Models Hockey Games 25
Yan Indra Siregar, Ibrahim*
This study aims to provide an alternative option to develop a model of the game "Hockey 25" as an attempt to contribute to the development of the game of hockey. The subjects in this study were athletes Indonesian Revival School Hockey Hockey Club assisted Unimed, who practiced at the University of Medan, North Sumatra.
The method used in this study is to use qualitative approaches and research methods development research & development (R & D). Based on the research and development approach, the method steps include: research gathering information, planning models, test the model, the revised model as well as validation and dissemination models.
Based on the results of the test instrument can be concluded that the model used is suitable to serve as a model to overcome the limitations of a hockey game in particular means a field hockey game in accordance with the standards of both the field hockey and indoor hockey. Under these conditions, drafted a model hockey game that is expected to be an alternative to a hockey game in North Sumatra.

Topic: Education


Interferring Parents and School Engage Young Citizens’participation
Ida Rohayani

The aims of Education is to prepare and develop student’s ability be responsible citizen. It needs involving formal and informal institution toward the aims, which pursuit responsible citizen. so many social and political researcher characterized it. Almost of results have same conclution, responsible citizen is democratic citizen. democratic citizen dealing with internalization as potential citizenry from his/her family and learning processes from school. Family and school influent student to engage in democratic citizen. Gunsteren (1998:8) has found that democratic citizen is very important. He said, The vialibility of democracies, it said, depends upon such matter as civic-mindedness, religion, education in democratic rules, or the development of a public morality. If Citizens completely lack these attributes are embraced too intensely, democracy might also be destroyed.

In this article pursuit how Indonesian parent involve in informal education to prepare their children be a democratic citizen trough civic mindedness, religion, democratic rules, and a public morality. In goal of implementation parents and school have to cooperate preparing students engage in social and political life. Be participant or active citizen in public engagement, has researched by Jan W. Van Deth. He argues that orientations and activities of citizens that strengthen democracy and which, in turn, are strengthened by democratic experiences are summarized under the label active citizenship (2013: 20). The Council of Europe defines active citizenship briefly as the power of people “… to exercise and defend their democratic rights and responsibilities in society, to value diversity and to play an active part in democratic life.”1 Citizens cannot fulfil these ambitious tasks adequately without specific competences; that is, citizens need to have “… a combination of knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values” at their disposal enabling them “… to become an active citizen” (Hoskins, Barber, Nijlen et al., 2011, p. 84).

Lickona has parents perpective in this article. California’s Child Development Project (CDP) as Lickona’s point project (1992 : 30) The Parents who are most effective, the research indicates, are “authoritative”- requiring obeidience from their children but providing clear reasons more then for their expectation, so that children eventually internalize the moral rationale and act responsibly on their own. By contrast, both “permissive” parents (who are reluctant to set rules and confront transgresiones) and “authoritarian” parents (who are high on control but low on reasoning to explain rules and motivate compliance) are less successful at all age level in rising self controlled socialy responsible children.

Topic: Education


The Impact of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and The Challenge for Civic Education
Rini Triastuti

This article is intended to describe the impact of information and communication technologies on the behavior of Indonesian citizens. We know that the information and communication technology is growing very rapidly and affect in all aspect of life. In recent time citizens are not only faced the real world but also cyberspace. Converge between citizens and the technology has caused a tremendous impact. Technology not only caused positive impact but also caused negative impact. It is a raising new challenge for civic education which seeks to prepare citizens become good and smart citizens. Since the behavior of citizens is an ontology of civic education then the impact of technology to citizen being a supposed concern for civic education. Indonesian civic education is one of study which take national mission to develop the nation intellectual life through value based education.

Topic: Education


Dr. Dadang Sundawa

Nowadays, young citizens often misunderstand the meaning of democracy, interpreting it as an unlimited freedom, which in turn leads to anarchical acts. This situation is inseparable from the ineffective embodiment of democratic values in civic education classroom in particular. For this reason, the purpose of this study was to investigate several factors that can foster democratic intelligence of students in the classroom in Indonesia. These factors, including Civic Education Teacher Competence, School Environmental Factor, and Civic Education Class, and Democratic Intelligence of Young Citizens as Students, were studied.(tolong tambahkan lagi dan re-check ulang) To clarify the effect of several factors, mixed quantitative and qualitative approaches were chosen to gather data from civic education teachers participating in Teacher Certification Program, organized by Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, as well as from the Committee and teachers from the City of Sukabumi and Purwakarta and Garut Regencies. The findings showed that to create civic education classroom as a Democratic Laboratory, development of a conducive school environmental factor and school leadership adopting School-Based Management principles was important. This development will lead effective implementation of democracy in realistic social life, especially in Indonesia as a mixed-culture country.

Topic: Education


Strategies in Enhancing Higher Order Thinking Skills through Project Based Learning Modules
Irena Y. Maureen (a), Damajanti K. Dewi (b), Danang Tandyonomanu (c)

State University of Surabaya provides common education courses at the beginning of the academic year for all students. Although SSU have no longer become an institute of education, it still highlights the education foundation for all majors. The common courses actually aim to put the basic foundation of education before the students learn their specific subjects and to shift their way of thinking from K-12 learning system to higher education learning system which requires higher order thinking skills. This project is a part of a program that aims to enhance students’ higher order thinking skills through a project-based learning in Educational Psychology course. The application of the project-based learning would require systematic learning resource which is a learning module. This study focuses on the strategies in enhancing higher order thinking skills through the modules that were designed based on the project based learning principles.

Topic: Education


Social Order Learning Through Social Experiments
Ridwan Effendi

People's violations on social order regulations are have become a common phenomenon. As illustrations, traffic rules are violated every day, roads and sidewalks are shifted into a street vendor's booth or a parking lot. As can be seen from the foregoing violations of the public order, Indonesian society has a low public awareness. Then, how to increase the public awareness on this matters? The author along with students of the Communications Department have conducted a social experiment. What is meant by social experiment here is not a form of research method but it is a type of learning model. This social experiment was intended to raise public awareness in maintaining social order. There were three social experiments conducted with the following themes: Smoking Kid, Honey Bear, and U Turn. First, Smoking Kid is a social experiment using the help of children actors to give warnings to adults who smoke in public places. Secondly, Honey Bear is a social experiment intended for a zoo visitors who keep feeding animals in spite of the prohibition. The final experiment is U-Turn social experiment. It is conducted in order to raise bikers or drivers awareness on obeying U-turn sign. The results of the social experiments show that: a) people's were heedless of the distinct public order signs and regulation. b). The violators of social order are generally aware about the regulations, but they set the law at defiance. c). Time and distance efficiency have become the main motives for the violators. d). The absence of guilt or shame when they made mistakes. e).No social sanctions to cope with the ongoing violations. f). Police enforcements could not make the offenders learn their lesson. The society members tend to abide by the rules only if the authorities were on the spot and keep an eye on them.

Topic: Education


Iwan Setiawan

Environmental development not just as technical and physical aspect, but also involves socio-economic aspect in it. Many evidence shows that unsuccessful environmental development as consequences of socio-economic obstacles. The objectives of this paper is to analyze socio-economic aspect of environmental development in Indonesia and the influence to its successful. Severel case will be analyze to shows the importance of socio-economic aspect to be concerned and to be calculated in environmental development planning. The fact shows that many environmental project has failed because of neglectful about socio-economic condition of local society. Decision make more focused on technical aspect. Consequently, people who live in project area didn’t see the benefit of the project for them and didn’t think and act to maintain the object of the project. If the project annoy his activity, they spoiled the project. Then, the challenge is empowering society to have consciousness about environment.

Topic: Education


Ihat Hatimah, Jajat S. Ardiwinata, Yanti Shantini

From five institution set forth in the National Education System Law No. 20 in 2013, has different characteristics according to the needs of the user community, it has become the hallmark of the nonformal educational services where the curriculum or learning program developed in the learning process are flexible according to the conditions and needs of the community. This become background of the research to carried out how the curriculum in nonformal education institution able to encourage self learning for the student.
The study was conducted using a descriptive study in non-formal education institution using data collection techniques consist of documentary studies, literature, study of primary data, in Bandung and Cimahi and Sumedang regency in West Java.

Topic: Education


Multicultural Educations In Tengger
Anik Susanti

This paper discusses about the role of multicultural educations and its consequences on ethnic relations. Indonesia territory is inhabited by various ethnic groups that have a history and a unique culture. Founding fathers illustrate it in the idea of unity in diversity (Bhineka Tunggal Ika). With the idea of Bhineka Tunggal Ika, between ethnic groups should be able to maintain a harmonious condition. Ironically, some kinds of conflicts nuanced ethnicity, religion , race and intergroup have occurred in some parts of Indonesia. It has caused decline of social solidarity so that it can detain the community to work together in support of sustainable development programs and community development. Thus, promotive efforts are needed through the multicultural education to encourage interethnic tolerance till social solidarity can be maintained.

Topic: Ethnic Relations



Social and culturalchangeisa phenomenonthe changingsocial structureandcultural patternsin a societyespecially in theeraof globalization, these changeshave implications for thelife of the community, butfor society of Kajangretainsthe traditional valuesthey upholdin social life.
The purposes of this study were (i) Knowing the traditional values of resistance to globalization in Kajang community (ii) Knowing the Kajang community adaptation patterns are applied so that could still exist in the era of globalization. This research was conducted in Tanatoa with the type of qualitative research and descriptive approach (descriptive research). Data collection techniques used were observation, interview, and documentation. In determining the informant done intentionally (purposive sampling), a technique used to analyze the data was qualitative descriptive analysis technique.
These results indicated that the Community was in the region are substantially culture was still very strong, in spite of the modernization will not affect the cultural and social values, Kajang still resistant to now, the factors that cause thus remain resistant is individual consciousness, do not accept modern technology, strict sanctions in case of violations and they obey the rules that already exist in the teachings “Pasang”. As for the bond in resisting every onslaught of modernization is known as the so-called “Pasang”. Tribal communities’ adaptation patterns of Kajang, including the pattern of religious adaptation, adaptation to the activity pattern of the marriage ceremony / customs, patterns of adaptation in communication and patterns of adaptation in economic activity.
Keywords: Resistance, Traditional Values Kajang community, the Era of Globalization.

Topic: Ethnic Relations


Local Wisdom in Constructing Students’ Ecoliteracy Through Ethnopedagogy and Ecopedagogy
Dr. Nana Supriatna, M.Ed.

This paper entails some ideas of how students’ ecological intelligence is constructed through ethnopedagogy and ecopedagogy within the process of teaching and learning at schools in Indonesia. This paper is expected to draw provide some inspiration to high school teachers in the area of social sciences, such as Social Studies, History, and Sociology, to explore and make the best use of local wisdom values in order to support students’ ecological intelligence. Ethnopedagogy and ecopedagogy were utilized during the process as both are considered as forms of educational approaches and practices. Ethnopedagogy specifically refers to a form of educational approaches and practices based on local wisdom. In ecopedagogy, however, such approaches and practices are not only specifically based on local wisdom, but also on various aspects directed to gain understanding, awareness, and life skills corresponding to environmental preservation. In the author’s view, ecological intelligence, as an aptitude to understand, realize, and actualize the significance of living in harmony with the nature, can be supported by both pedagogical forms. This paper will put forward the local wisdom of Sundanese in West Java Province consisted in the folklores especially related to the methods of preserving forest’s resource, water source, and the way of consuming local food. Such local wisdom is promoted and developed as learning materials to provide students with ecological intelligence related to understanding, awareness, and competence for significant preservation of forest and water resource. Local wisdom is also explored and integrated into the curriculum to construct students’ characteristics as green consumers or those favoring local products over the global ones.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Tourism Development and The Living Strategy of Baduy Community, Banten, Indonesia
Gurniwan Kamil Pasya, Heri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini, Rini Andari, Gitasiswhara

Living strategies undertaken by Baduy people, the ancient tribe in Banten Province, Indonesia lived in the village of Kanekes, cannot be separated from “pikukuh” as their guidelines in their daily lives. Pikukuh is the guideline of customs, rules of life, and trust embraced by the Baduy people. However, the population growth has put a pressure on the buffer villages, called “panamping” and the environment that caused the village was expanded with into the new one. The population growth has also put pressure ownership of the farm as the community main source of income. Hence, they should think other way to be survived. So that Baduy people have tried in other fields to survive that are tailored to the abilities, skills, and willingness. The living of Baduy community has attracted many visitors. Baduy has also been promoted as cultural tourists attraction by the government. Thus, providing the needs of visitors has becomes other source of economic benefit by the local people. Eventhough, the development of tourism is not massive, and there is only a limited amount of income generated from the tourism activities, but the tendency of the tourism growth is increasing. Baduy people has good cultural value in welcoming visitors, but they do not want to be object of spectacle. The way they maintain the interaction with the visitors without neglecting their “pikukuh” and their way of life is a good example for developing similar tourists attractions in Indonesia. Hence, this research would like to discover the Baduy value in their living strategy by accepting the tourism phenomenon without letting out their cultural value. This research has two research question: 1) How do tourism activities influence their living strategy? 2) How do they develop tourism activities without neglecting the Pikukuh? Based from these two question, these research would develop a local content of tourism for improving tourism awareness and education. The research is a qualitative research, using observation and interview as the instrument. Then, the data will be analysed by triangulation method. The result is expected to discovered the cultural values on the living strategy of Baduy community that could be used as a basic reference for developing the tourism local content in tourism education.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Cultural Survival Model The case of Cireundeu Indigenous People
Achmad Hufad Jajat S.Ardiwinata Purnomo

Education is media for the enculturation and socialization of cultural processes. Likewise, indigenous peoples conserve and develop their culture by their unique tradition. This research reveals and constructs the Sunda Wiwitan unique cultural survival tradition. The model of the cultural survival is constructed through ethnography approach.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Topik Hidayat*, Hertien Surtikanti, Mochamad Ali Musafat, Ahmad Munandar

Baduy traditional village is a region inhabited by a large number and diversed plant groups. Many plants have been cultivated by local peoples in the region as they are important in economic and socio-cultural life. However, ethnobotanical knowledge of the peoples is not well documented to date. The purposes of this study were to observe (1) how much local people recognize the plant that they use in their daily life; (2) how elder people transfer the knowledge to young people or their kids; and (3) what factors that influence their knowledge on ethnobotany. In this study, semi-structured interview method was used to document detailed and clarified knowledge of respondents. As many as 26 respondents, which represent villagers aged 7-20 years and their parents, were interviewed. Data were collected from April to June 2014. Results showed that (1) 66% of respondents have a good knowledge on the plant name and its benefits; (2) there are two ways of transfer, vertically from the parents to their kids, and horizontally from friends to friends; and (3) age, activities, parents, and ancestral customs are among factors that affect the knowledge of ethnobotany. This study have provided an understanding of ethnobotany of local peoples in Baduy which not only contribute to the science but also in the aspect of socio-cultural. In addition, detailed knowledge of ethnobotany is required to get valuable information of how the local peoples manage and conserve its nature.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Etnopedagogi as efforts Searches Identity of Nation Become Part of National Culture
Dr. Iim Siti Masyitoh, M.Si.

The emergence of human identity crisis that affected the penetration of foreign culture has resulted in changes in the value of the community that lead to value conflicts that can lead towards the disintegration of the nation. Liberalism, consumerist lifestyle, mass culture, thuggery behavior, a culture of violence will threaten the life of the nation that upholds the spirit of consultation, cooperation and kinship.

Community objective circumstances diversity of Indonesian tribes which is authorized for the development of identity is inseparable from ethnic communities in Indonesia. Problems relating to the attachment to ethnicity on the one hand as an inhibiting factor, and vice versa without the ethnicity of the nations identity may not be born. How to combine national culture without shutting culture ethnic / cultural area, and how education (schools) become "agents of change" in adjusting the acceptance of information technology in the global era as the penetration of foreign culture with the values of national culture and the culture of the area. The results showed (1) Education is cultivation, therefore, the development of national identity through education means that the process occurs within the scope of a culture (2) The concept of thinking Lev Vygotsky on the development of human behavior indicated that etnopedagogi level of schooling seeks to develop a national identity through education by supporting the Citizenship Education (Civic Education) which is difficult to avoid the characteristics of indoctrination in building Pancasila nationalism through the nations character.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Model of East Nusa Tenggara Traditional Games as a Learning Media for Young Children with Mental Retardation
Mien Ratoe Oedjoe & Beatriks N. Bunga

Children with mental retardation are children with intellectual functions lower than other children. An appropriate model is needed to improve their cognitive, physical-motor and social-emotional aspects.
The goal of this research is:1) to describe the kind of models of learning implemented in special needs school (SNS) at Kota Kupang, 2) to investigate research articles about traditional games used as a learning media for children with mental retardation in the class, 3) To analyze the appropriate East Nusa Tenggara traditional games model for learning media use for young children with mental retardation. Qualitative paragdime was used in this study, with interview, observation and document study as the data collecting methods. Informan who involved in this study were three principals and five teachers from three SNS at Kota Kupang.
Findings showed that learning models used in three SNS at Kota Kupang put more focus on individual model and less on attractive media. Research articles investigation found that behavioral modification model was more effective to improve children with mental retardation abilities. Researcher used traditional games as media in mental retardation learning process. There are four traditional games used in their research. They are Engklek, Congklak, Lompat Tali & Anjang-anjang. Finally, this study suggests three of East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) traditional games to used as a learning media to improve young children with mental retardation for SNS at Kota Kupang. The traditional games are Sikidoka, Lao Furik dan Uma.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Gurniwan Kamil Pasya*, Heri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini, Rini Andari, Gitasiswhara

How the indigenous people run their daily life has attracted many tourists to visit their region. Experiencing the local indigenous cultural has also become the tourists’ motivation to visit the destination. Hence, the interaction between the tourists and the people in the destination will raise some impacts in the social, cultural, and economical aspects for the indigenous people. This research studied about how tourism development acts as the living strategy for the indigenous people. The people usually depend on the agricultural resources in a designated region that is not covered a large area. While the area remains the same, the number of population is increasing. Hence, they need to think other kind of works to earn the living instead of depend on the agriculture as their main income resources. Tourism activity has proven to be the economic generator for the people. However, in developing the tourism, there are some conflicts between the norms embraced by the people and the demand derived from the tourists. Hence, this research intended to understand how the indigenous people manage the tourism potentials without neglecting their indigenous norms. The research was conducted in Baduy area, where indigenous people of West Java Province in Indonesia lives and has attracted tourist to have the local indigenous cultural experience. The Baduy people have a strong norm that acts as their way of life. The people is living in remote area that has no electricity, staying in a house made of wood, wearing cloth made of cotton in designated colors and style, working in a land to cultivate dry rice, having their own system to govern their people, et cetera. The research result shows that the people have influenced with some tourism activities, such as providing accommodation, souvenirs, guides, porters, and other services for tourists has become their source of income, as well. In the mean times, they also still have a contradiction in their role for implementing their indigenous way of life and the modernization that exist in developing the tourism potentials. There were some adjustments to run their lives in using tourism activities as their one way to sustain their living.

Topic: Ethnopedagogy


Sulsalman Moita, Lilik Rita Handayani

This research aims at examining and analyzing the process of the reconstruction of gender equality in politics, including the role of women as actors and the role of structural conditions in the reconstruction process. In addition, this research was also to find consequences for gender equality towards the reconstruction of relations and gender-responsive in Parliament. This research was qualitative case study approach. In data collection, researchers acted as an instrument of research. The technique of data collection was carried out through in-depth interviews, observation and documentation. The Data was analyzed qualitatively; that was analysis conducted since data collection until the resear

Topic: Gender and Human Rights


Gay in Different Faces
Ridzky Firmansyah Fahmi

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) community is part of a group. At first LGBT do not proclaim ourselves as a community. LGBT community arose because their human rights concerns are not obtained. Their human rights are often denied. Rights that they demand is not solely legalization on relations between themself his people. Rights they want is the right to live the same in the context of not getting treatment that is discriminatory simply because of their sexual orientation. Rights that they are fighting for is the right to life includes getting security in life, educated, and got the same work freely with heterosexuals. LGBT movement not only wanted equal to heterosexuals, but LGBT has been an inspiration in the works of art and literature, such as film, poetry, prose, and play. Many themes of the types of works that speak about LGBT life. Even the form of the NGO community that focuses too much on the fight for LGBT rights in terms of education, security, confidence, and health. The study was based on the theory of phenomenology on the development of the issue of LGBT lately voicing either in the form of policy, or in the form of recognition or acceptance in society through various forms of art.

Topic: Gender and Human Rights


Dra. Sofiah , M.Si; Dra. Sri Kusumo Habsari, M.Hum.Ph.D; Sumardiyono, SKM. M.Kes

The number of maternal and infant mortality have been in the most critical level as it reaches to 228/100,000,00 ratio, the highest ratio compared to other Southeast Asian countries such as Philippines (94), Malaysia (48), Thailand (40) and Srilanka (32).
EMAS is a USAID program launched in 2011 in cooperation with the government of Indonesia in an attempt to reduce the number of maternal and infant mortality through some programs in the forms of health services and facilities, human resources professionalism improvement programs as well as information and communication system programs.
Brebes is one of the regencies which implements EMAS because Brebes is a regency with the highest cases of maternal mortality. Various efforts to reduce the number of infant and maternal mortality have been done through various health education approaces, however it shows that it needs other factors to make the health educationprogram reach to the grass-root level such as how to build communicative information strategy for the grass-root on understanding their reproductive system and health considered as one of the gender issues on implementing gender equality program.
Based on this phenomenon, this research purposes (1) to map out the communication strategy designed to implement the policy of EMAS in Brebes regency; (2) to map out the communication obstacles faced by the stakeholders in implementing the policy of EMAS in Brebes Regency; (3) to map out the potency to develop communication strategy with a gender perspective to implement the policy of EMAS in Brebes regency.
Research has been carried out in Brebes Regency. This research is Research and Development (R&D) which is categorized into descriptive qualitative research. Data are compiled through various methods: observation, interview, Focus Group Discussion, and textual analysis. Data are analyzed with gender analysis approach and interactive analysis model of Miles and Huberman.
Finding shows that Brebes regency in implementing EMAS program has applied some strategies of communication approaches through (1) building networks with stakeholders; (2) socializing through various media and forums to build the society awareness, to educate, to motivate, to persuade (banner, print media, radio, website and PKK or women’s meeting forums, pengajian or religious activity and special meeting groups such as maternity group, maternity support group, MKIA and SMS Bunda), door-to-door visit by opinion leaders, (3) providing system of Information Technology through SIJARIEMAS. It is also found out that there are some obstacles and weaknesses in implementing communication strategy such as (1) the ineffectiveness of information technology SIJARIEMAS as the referral system from PUSKESMAS to hospital; (2) the inoperative system of information technology of SIGAPKU as an interactive tool between society and medical services staffs; (3) the inoperative system of information technology of SIPP as a medium of communication for learning improvement of medical staffs; (4) various obstacles in the implementation of communication strategy such as low competence of emphatic communication among the opinion leaders and the high society’s belief to the local myths and dukun bayi (traditional midwives)

Topic: Gender and Human Rights


Ika Pasca Himawati

Social changes that runs with the advent of the current capitalism. It is predicted to be the delivery an impact for environmental sustainability, especially in the coastal. As the area dominated by the fishermen in the informal sector, coastal be space often intersect with innovation and technology was be a source of explotation to natural resources. The results , this condition containing a logical consequence of the damage natural some weakening social aspects culture like that of a awareness of position nature as the central object balance life.
When this happens, often enough bore disparities was addressed to women. Despite the production, reproduction practiced simultaneously by man and women.The nature becomes a symbol of feminist who has identified in space social women. As a result, women are believed to have responsibility and very large share of environmental damage.That claim and eliminate the concept of man as a subject that should be have room social similar in being and protected nature.
So far, sticking the concept of partnership and responsibilities in women impressed ambiguates when they exist attach to as part painful reconciliations to make by women. Of this aspect, entity about partaking not interchangeable in the constellation social. Because basically, correct concept used in this case is the involvement of the role of a man and women to form a synergistic in creating gender relations proper .This pattern grounded in perspective subsistence which is the form of consciousness feminist in perspective ecofeminis transformatif. The main constituents thought it rejects the logic domination emphasises women as a source of problem of environment , especially in coastal areas.

Topic: Gender and Human Rights


Muryanti, Ekawati Sri Wahyuni, Rilus Kinseng, Aida Vitayala Hubeis

This article assessing the stereotype of PRT, which stands for Pembantu Rumah Tangga or domestic helper, as a low and unwanted job in the district of Yogyakarta, where the Javanese traditions are still deeply rooted. One of the Javanese traditions related to the housemaid phenomenon is called “ngenger.”Ngenger is a way of Javanese people to refine the stereotype, in which the relationship between employee and employer is seen as a relationship within a family. This kind of relationship seems as a form of euphemism, particularly to avoid the stereotype of PRT. Kinship relation made employee become a patron and the housemaid as client in their relationship due to the high imbalance economic condition among them. The different of economic situation had implication to housemaid’s dependency toward the employer because of imbalanced power relations. According to Dahrendorf, the workplace relationship is unique. It is influenced by authoritative relation, which is divided into super-ordinate (the authority) and sub-ordinate. Kinship relation is also bounded strongly with moral and emotional aspects of the relationship. This model of relationship is opposite to a formal relationship between employer and employee in an industrial setting. In fact, PRT is categorized as an informal job. Hence, the domestic helper is far from the rights of employee.

Topic: Gender and Human Rights


An Exploratory Study on Online Malay Social Identity as Reflected in Facebook Comments
Jas Laile Jaafar, Muhamad Saiful Haq Hussin, Salinah Jaafar, Yoo Fei

Social networking sites are the latest online communication tool that allows users among others, to voice their opinion freely. These new contexts raise questions about how people maintain their identity. The Malays have always been courteous, gentle etc., until recently, where society observes some changes, as can be seen in websites comments. The present study investigates these new emerging patterns which eventually describe the changes in the Malay social identity. The themes of the comments posted in two top Facebook pages in Malaysia, i.e. Berita Harian Online and were qualitatively sifted using NVivo. Thirteen traits emerge from the analysis, i.e. (1) offensive and rude, (2) sarcastic, (3) stereotyping, (4) tactful, (5) outspoken, (6) gossiping, (7) emotional and sensitive, (8) courteous and polite, (9) considerate, (10) redha, (11) sympathy, (12) adhere to religion and customs, and (13) tolerance and compromise. The results also revealed that most of the comments posted are provoking and scornfulness in nature. The implications of the result shows the underlying influences of social media freedom on Malay social identity.

Topic: Identity, Image and Social Cohesion


“Share What and How You Cook at Home!”: Uncovering Social Identity
Ikma Citra Ranteallo and Imanuella R. Andilolo

Food and cooking could define social identity. There is a trend in social media usage where people share how and what they cook at home. There are also some applications that enable people to develop, experience and innovate their cooking skills. This paper presents how, why and what people’s cooking activities are being shared through applications (apps), and its marketing implication. Food and cooking could bring social cohesion and social images that refer to certain groups or cultures and to certain extend create new groups and culture within the society. This in effect creates opportunities for new marketing strategies to emerge.

Topic: Identity, Image and Social Cohesion


“Share What and How You Cook at Home!”: Uncovering Social Identity
Ikma Citra Ranteallo and Imanuella R. Andilolo

Food and cooking could define social identity. There is a trend in social media usage where people share how and what they cook at home. There are also some applications that enable people to develop, experience and innovate their cooking skills. This paper presents how, why and what people’s cooking activities are being shared through applications (apps), and its marketing implication. Food and cooking could bring social cohesion and social images that refer to certain groups or cultures and to certain extend create new groups and culture within the society. This in effect creates opportunities for new marketing strategies to emerge.

Topic: Identity, Image and Social Cohesion


NATIONAL IDENTITY FORMATION WITHIN LOCAL-GLOBAL INTERACTION AND SOCIO-CULTURAL CRISIS: A study on impact of globalization toward national identity formation among people in the center of international tourism district, international migration villages and industrial cities of Indonesia
Drajat Tri Kartono, Ahmad Zuber, Atik Catur Budi

The impact of globalization toward national identity is unavoided will take place in all areas of Indonesia Community. The Impact will be severe in which the community become a center of local-global interacrtion. Those are local community whose working on the field of. International labor migration, international tourism and industrial city. This research is conducted to find out the national identity formation in relation with three form of local-global interactions. The purposes of this study are (1) to find out the construction of national identity and to describe national identity changes occur in the central region of exposure to globalization, (2) to describe the socio-cultural changes, (3) the relationship between socio-cultural changes and the changes in the national identity, (4) socio-cultural crisis that occurred in the region, (5) what affect the socio-cultural crisis that occurred, and (6) to develop social engineering design for the development of superior identity. The research was conducted by grounded theory method to build substantive theory of national identity formation within local-global interaction. Three level of identity will be focused are local identity, national identity and global identity. The formation of National Identity among those three level identity has to be explained in relation with the dynamic of its subjective meaning of self, Demarcation (social space significancy), collective legitimation and crisis. The location of this research is the cities that are exposed to globalization in Indonesia, i.e. Jakarta and Makassar (Sulawesi) with the object of research of people who work in foreign companies; Bawean (East Java) and Lombok (NTT) with the object of research of people who work as migrant workers; Denpasar (Bali) and Surakarta (Solo) associated with people who work in the tourism industry and local cultural custodians. The data were collected by employing observation, interview and Focuss Group Discussion (FGD). Snowball sampling technique is used to find the informants in this research. The results showed that the society within research area dominantly performing mixed identity in which national identity of informants is mixed with local and global identity. This is conducted by taking all positive sides of local, national and globalization values. For them, globalization is encouraging for global and local identity known to the world. Nevertheles, skeptical to national identity increase when social or cultural crisis is occured in area they lived.

Topic: Identity, Image and Social Cohesion


Identity, Language and Social Cohesion: Car plate number preference among Indonesian diaspora
Ahmad Bukhori Muslim

Social identification and cohesion are always deemed important, particularly among group-oriented ethnic minorities like Indonesians living overseas. This identification can be, in some other ways, expressed by their choice of car plate number, to show social belonging and affiliation. This qualitative study explores how a small number of Indonesians who live permanently in Australia and the United States, through their selection of unique car plat numbers written in Bahasa Indonesia, show their social identity and cohesion as members of ethnic minority. Applying Tajfel and Turner’s (1978) Social Identity Theory and the language representation of Hall (1997) to analyse various car license plate numbers and the underlying reasons of their owners’ uses as evidenced from the results of semi-structured interviews, the study reveals various categories of social identification that this preference of certain car license numbers can disclose. Extending the previous studies, they include aspects of personal, ethnic, religious, professional, and childhood memory considered necessary for their social cohesion. The car plate numbers written in Bahasa Indonesia bond their sense of belonging to Indonesia. Meanwhile, these different social categories show who or what they are in relation to others in the community. Given that research on Indonesian diaspora is limited, this finding interestingly shows the participants’ social cohesion and positive contribution to their country of origin while living away.

Topic: Identity, Image and Social Cohesion


Green Open Space as Social Space

Green open space is part of the spatial structure of the city as a counterweight to the environmental conditions of the city. However, its existence is often underestimated and becomes victims of land conversion into developed regions. The number of environmental problems that arise has been providing awareness of the importance of green open space as the lungs of the city and has the potential to overcome the problems of the urban environment, and the most important is how the open space serves as a social space for the city. This paper aims to examine the problems in the urban environment, analyze forms and benefits of green open space, and green open space as a social space. The method used in this study was descriptive. Results of the study revealed that there are some problems associated with the urban environment provision of green open spaces, green open space limitations as a social space and the management of green open spaces in a sustainable manner need the support and cooperation of all parties, including city managers, private sector, NGOs, and communities. Thus, needed the support of green open space planning policies so that cities with environmental and sustainability can be realized. Moreover, in its development to note the characteristics of the community as a user of green open space, which is turn to make it as a social space.

Topic: Identity, Image and Social Cohesion


When Social Justice is at Stake of Global Competition: Between Quality and Equality
Siti Ina Savira

This essay is aimed to discuss one contemporary issue in relation to Indonesia. The issue being raised here is globalization and its effect on how Indonesia perceived itself as a nation. This paper will argue my position in viewing globalization as a force that seems to manifest in a blind movement that rapidly change our way of life at the cost of social justice. One example I emphasize on my paper is the impact in educational paradigm, which can be seen from some shifting in educational discourses.

Topic: Localization and Globalization


Nazrina Zuryani

The Board of Research and Community Intervention at the Higher Degree Directorate (DITBINLITABMAS) provides every year grants for a number of selected schemes, one of them being the Competence Scheme. One of these grants was attributed this year to lecturers of Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, proposed by the head of Sociology Laboratory at Udayana University for the production of two multidisciplinary text books -- 1) Population and Tax and 2) Political Parties Accountability—for the use of Sociology students, Political Sciences Students and Public Administration Students. These two text books were written by 9 lecturers. All chapters were designed in such a way as to accompany 5 hours of field study at social institutions related to the books content. Students who take a field study are given a minimum of 2 hours of public lecture before they enter their internship in five to six social institutions for each book. There are at least twelve institutions such as BPS, BKKBN, Disnaker, Dinkes, Dispenda and DJP Bali province so as the Ombudsman of Bali, Demokrat Party, KPU Bali, Kesbangpol, Bawaslu and one Kantor Akuntan Publik in Denpasar collaborate for the field study of the students. The field works proposed are expected to increase the students’ professional competence. This is also expected to social and political responsibility of students and people at large with regard to tax duty and political participation. It indeed pertains to academics in sociology and political science to contribute to social cohesion by producing relevant instruments of thought and practical action. Therefore the two text books are relevant for learning sociology in the field of welfare state of contemporary Indonesia.

Topic: Method, Media and Evaluation of Learning Sociology


Lina Aris Ficayuma, S.Pd and Sulaeman Deni Ramdani, S.Pd

The fact that EFL literacy in indonesia is still low led the writer to conduct this study to incraease the literacy skill of adult and young learner. Accoding to PISA (2012) database found that the reading proficiency level of Indonesian on means score was below the OECD average and put Indonesia on 64th place out 65 countries. The score on students ability on the overall reading skill score was 396 while the OECD average score was 496. Moreover, teaching English as a foreign language in the 21st century has become more challenging then ever. A changing of society demand the educator to transform learning for reproduce the quality of learner in the future to fulfill a standard of Indonesian Qualification Framework or KKNI in 2016. In addition, most of developing materials, media and task still oriented on LOTS-higher order thinking skill of learner. It is impact on an unable of learner to use English actively. The materials only asses the systemic knowledge such as phonological, morphological, syntactical, semantic, and pragmatic knowledge than asses the schematic knowledge that cover issue general knowledge, topic knowledge, socio-cultural knowledge and genre knowledge. EFL learners should cope with both types of knowledge in order that they could acquire the target language maximally. In cases, developing materials, media and task should be oriented in improving HOTS-higher order thinking skill that demand of 2013 curriculum mindset. Moreover, the aspect in HOTS is convinced can build their character. This paper discuss a study pack of silent movie as innovation media to improve the EFL literacy based on HOTS and maintain the character building of the learner. In this study aim to combine three aspect above; such as in cognitive, design of study pack using silent movie shich design novel materials or context dependent item sets as the activities of learning to assess HOTS. In affective, integrating character buiding form the moral value of movie is important aspect to maintain education character as sociological aspect because the aim of EFL to communicate that it’s need a interaction and thus the role of social factors on language and the usage should not ignored in sociological view (Long: 2011). Whereas, in psychomotor aspect, the project task based on OBE-outcome based education. Study pack is a designed for language teachers of a general English courses for adult learners as a foreign or second language of proficiency level of B1(according the common European Framewok of Reference for Language, CEFR). This study is set of silent movie and also include learning materials such as languge and genre theories, task, assigment, learning activities, games and language project. The activities in his study pack are design to encourage collaborative, decision-making and risk talking in order to develop learners’ metacognitive and higher order thinking skill. It also concerned with issues dealing with education, instruction and training in multimodal literacy and its application to language learning. The belief about language learning and teaching, this study pack is based on communicative approach and leaner-centered curriculum. The activities within this study pack are chronological order-distinguishing between activities to carried out before the viewing silent movie, during the viewing and after the viewing and interlinked on several level. The aim of this study pack are develop four language skill in language with the aid of audiovisual materials, improve spoken fluency, improve autonomus learner, improve their ability to plan and carry out a group project using creativity, IT, research, and film editing skill. Beside that, The Aim movie is used to assist teachers and students engage in reflection and discussion about character building in sociological perspective. The advantages of this movie provide an extra dimension in learning experience related to the real life and natural social life especially in school environment, developing listening skill, seeing the cross-cultural knowledge awareness, stimulating the imagination to create something memorable and enjoyable, and motivating the students to learn the target language (Harmer:2001). It’s also supported by Brym (2006) stated that five criteria for evaluating movie in sociological perspective such as a movie reflect its social context, distort social reality, degree of movie shed light on common on universal social and human problem, provide evidence for or against sociological theory and research and connect biography, social structue and history. For that reason, this paper highlights the importance role of movie as a media to enhance HOTS and build the character building in teaching and learning to promote the proficency of EFL that focus on sociological perspective.

Topic: Method, Media and Evaluation of Learning Sociology


Lina Aris Ficayuma, S.Pd and Sulaeman Deni Ramdani, S.Pd

Teaching English in the 21st century has become more challenging then ever. Transforming learning should be serve in the digital literacy. Moreover, the 2013 curriculum demand to change the lower order thinking to the higher order thinking perspective. However, PISA (2012) database found that the reading proficiency level of Indonesian on means score was below the OECD average and put Indonesia on 64th place out 65 countries. The score on students ability on the overall reading skill score was 396 while the OECD average score was 496. The fact above led us to conduct this study. Using study pack of a silent movie is suggested because it’s designed for teachers of general English course in senior high school learner as a foreign language and proficiency of B1 accroding to the-CEFR. The Aim movie is used to assist teachers and students engage in reflection and discussion about character building in sociological perspective. The advantages of this movie provide an extra dimension in learning experience related to the real life and natural social life especially in school environment, developing listening skill, seeing the cross-cultural knowledge awareness, stimulating the imagination to create something memorable and enjoyable, and motivating the students to learn the target language (Harmer:2001). It’s also supported by Brym (2006) stated that five criteria for evaluating movie in sociological perspective such as a movie reflect its social context, distort social reality, degree of movie shed light on common on universal social and human problem, provide evidence for or against sociological theory and research and connect biography, social structue and history. For that reason, this paper highlights the importance role of movie as a media to enhance HOTS and build the character building in teaching and learning to promote the proficency of EFL that focus on socialogical perspective.

Topic: Method, Media and Evaluation of Learning Sociology


How to Design HOTS – Based Writing Materials and Assesmment to Establish Local Wisdom For Senior High School Students
Lina Aris Ficayuma, S.Pd and Sulaeman Deni Ramdani, S.Pd

The fact that majority of English materials development that oriented curriculum 2013 is still assess the LOTS-Lower Order Thinking Skill students and the genre connection is not combine the local wisdom between the local or target low context culture and high context culture of mother language and target language, lead the researcher to conduct this study.The development of quality materials for EFL learners embodies seven aspects which include 1) 16 basic principles of SLA to the materias development that adapeted by MATSDA; 2) the principles of language teaching and learning especially in writing that will be focus on three domain of learning-cognitive, affective, and psychomotor; and teaching and learning strategy in language; 3) curriculum design that covers issues of curriculum 2013 and scientific approach; 4) type of knowledge that embodies two aspect include systemic and schematic knowlege; 5) target of learners is grade XI senior high school students; 6) environmernt changes cover issues transforming learning in 21st century, HOTS-Higher Order Thinking Skill, and 5 minds for the future of young learner; and 7) English purposes focus on English for senior high school students-English academic purposes. Novel materials in context dependent item sets is used to assess the HOTS. Moreover,OBE-Outcome Based Education that include three main elements such as course design, course delivery and course assessment; learning style and character building also consider to develop the quality of materials. In addition the BNSP, CEFR, and ACTFL as the standardization in developing English materials. The writing materials development embodies two aspects which include macro and micro skill in writing, and two type of learning activities such as learning for writing to give reinforcement of students task such as ask students to write a sentence in grammatical form; and writing for writing that is directed at developing students’ skill as writer for real life reasons such as write an emails, letter, report, essay and short story. Genre connection is used to establish the local wisdom that combine local cuture of mother language -Indonesia and target culture of target language-English which the same essence and values or called blended culture. For example: Bawang merah dan bawang putih and Cinderella stories, Sedekah Bumi and thanks giving, and also mendalang and story telling. It is appropriate the purpose of BNSP in main goal of learn English is to understand the high context culture and low context culture both of them. This suggests that HOTS based writing materials to establish local wisdom serve materials to deal success in transforming learning of English for preparing the quality materials for quality young learner face demand the 21st century and to achieve goal of Indonesian qualification Framework standard in 2016. In addition, it is not only keep save the local wisdom of mother laguage and target language but also HOTS can promote the curiousity of the learner, and create habit of independent learning, and finally become an autonomus learner and creative thinking learners. Finally, It will be impact on the long term memory of the learner for build long life learning.

Topic: Method, Media and Evaluation of Learning Sociology


I-Think Maps-New Academia: Innovation Teaching Writing in Multilingual Classrrom for Learning Style of Multiethnic Students (Indian, Chinese, Malay)
Lina Aris Ficayuma, S.Pd and Sulaeman Deni Ramdani, S.Pd

The fact that Indonesian teacher which join in teacher exchange program for teach English and Indonesian culture in Malaysia, has not paid big attention to the need of students. Most of them only focus on how to introduce Indonesian culture through video about the geographical location of Indonesia, various languages and ethnics, kinds of foods, songs, dances etc. Moreover, the main goal of this program is teaching English also. The big attention of Indonesian teacher is Malaysia has various ethnics -Indian, Chinese, Malay-that every ethnic have different learning style and language. Teacher have to considerate the environment that the climate teaching and learning process in Indonesia and Malaysia is different, English as a second language in Malaysia. Of course the speaking and listening skills of the students is not big problem, the reading skill is not needed because the every school build the reading habit of the students with ask all of the students to read at least three English book every week. The crucial problem is the awarness of the students to write what they read. So, they need a media to improve their writing ability that accommodate their HOT skills in writing.I-think maps is an instructional media, the study involved eight thinking processess are structured through thinking maps-a visual thinking tool that makes it easy for students to understand concepts, analyse problems and find solutions. In addition, it is combine with the question cards and songs. Every maps have different function based on the text types and writing process. Based on the statement and the free technique to use I-think maps, it can accomodate the learning style every students – visual, auditory and kinaesthetic. The personal approach as the strategy of teaching and learning process and identify the learning style of the students. The sample consist of 150 form 4 science 1,2,3 students of Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Kulai Besar, Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

Topic: Method, Media and Evaluation of Learning Sociology


A. Jauhar Fuad

Critical thinking skills into fundamental needs of each student in the future in deciding the various issues that arise with rapid and complex, the decisions taken must also be careful. Students may not have the ability to think critically if not learned, which will develop critical thinking skills in the learning process that encourages active student involvement, both physically and psychologically, so it will not appear in passive learning activities. Active learning, encourage students to listen, speak, read and write. They evaluate, analyze, reflect, synthesizing, and concluded. Active learning can be found in the learning activities of students on the role of its strategic position. The method emphasizes active learning can be found in the methods of debate. This method addresses the new theme and controversy, the development of verbal abilities, and writing. This method is a form of verbal controversy that consists of a systematic presentation of opposing arguments on topics that understood the other party. For every issue, there must be a variety of viewpoints on the issue: the reasons why a person may support or do not support an issue. The purpose of the debate is to explore the reasons behind every viewpoint. The reason can be understood in order to be persuasive. Students studying in class debates will be able to improve critical thinking skills. Critical thinking skills that can be identified through; clarity of information, depth of ideas, sudat breadth of view, and precision in inference.

Topic: Method, Media and Evaluation of Learning Sociology


The Role of Culture and Tourism Board in Facing the Challenges of Tourism Professionals in Asean Economic Community
Encep Syarief Nurdin¹, Titing Kartika²

At the moment tourism has a very important role for the life of the economic world. Along with its development, the need for professionals in tourism field is increasing. Ahead of the implementation of the Asean Economic Community (AEC) in 2015, the challenges in the field of tourism that must be faced is to prepare Indonesian professional workforce that skilled, intelligent, and competitive. AEC is a form of economic integration in ASEAN to face free trade among countries in ASEAN. Preparation of labor refers ASEAN Common Competency Standards for Tourism Professionals and the ASEAN MRA-TP (Mutual Recognition Arrangement on Tourism Professionals) which is designed to enable the mobility of employment for skilled tourism labour within each member state and has the skills and qualifications of working tourism professionals from different ASEAN countries.

In facing these challenges, the presence of government agencies such as the Tourism and Culture Board has an important role in making policy on tourism development. The locus of this research is the Culture and Tourism Board Bandung City with evaluative descriptive qualitative research approach from the perspective of tourism good governance. This research refers to the local regulation No. 13 Year 2007 on Tasks and Functions of the Department of Culture and Tourism Bandung which carry out most of affairs of the region in the field of culture and tourism. The results of study showed that in order to answer the challenges of professional work in tourism ahead of the Asean Economic Community synergy of several parties that is not only the governments, but also from the tourism industry, tourism agencies, academician and community is required.

Topic: Organizations, Professions and Work


Elis Mediawati

Zakat in Islam is the worship contains two dimensions they are hablum minallah or vertical dimension and hablum minannas or horizontal dimension. There is very noticeable difference between the zakat potential and its receipt realization by Zakat Management Organization (ZMO). Allegedly the problem occurs because it is lack of public trust to ZMO, as the opinion of Jamil (2008: 9) that the zakat fund managers are still considered not to have human resources (amil zakat) whose quality is optimal. Besides it does not have optimal human resources, bureaucratic system and good governance are still weak related to the zakat management in Indonesia, so that it effects on accountability and transparency of ZMO (Jahar, 2006: 7)
Public trust is closely related to the quality of the financial information which is presented by ZMO. The information will be useful if the information is able to support the community decision-making to entrust their zakat to ZMO as an institution which is considered mandate to receive, utilize and distribute zakat which is entrusted by community.
The fundamental difference between Islamic financial institutions (IFIs) and conventional is in the existence of supervision over the implementation of Islamic law. Sharia Supervision is a process to ensure that financial products and services according to the principles of Islam (DeLorenzo, 2010). Adherence to sharia depends on the organizational structure of the company, especially the existence of Sharia Supervisory Board (SSB). SSB as part of the internal structure of governance can enhance the companys credibility in the eyes of customers, shareholders and stakeholders (Rammal, 2006)
SSB is a very important organ in the IFIs, SSB ensures all the objectives of Islamic governance are achieved, which includes directing, reviewing and supervising all the activities of IFIs in order to adhere to sharia, it is also that SSB plays an important role in the mechanism of internal control (Haniffa and Hudaib, 2007). Karim (1990) argues that SSB is also involved in accounting policies and sharia reporting, it can be justified that the report could convince the reader that the financial statements are based on Islamic law.
Financial statements are credible information sources by the financial statements users to determine the performance of management and the companys financial position. Quality financial statement is suitable with generally accepted accounting principles and meets the existing rules and SSB ensures the credibility of financial statements (Karim, 1990).
This study aims to determine the relation of internal control implementation and the role of sharia supervisory board on the quality of financial reporting. The method which is used in this study is a survey method, it is descriptive and verification, and the data is collected from a sample that has been determined, it is obtained by using a specific data collection tools, the questionnaires (Singarimbuan and Sofyan, 1995).
The unit of analysis in this study is the ZMO in Indonesia. The respondents in this study are director, member of the supervisory board of sharia as well as Zakat collection and utilization. The hypothesis testing uses moment product moment correlation and coefficient of determination (R2).
The result of this research is the relation of internal control implementation with the role of sharia supervisory board is positive and very strong. The relation of internal control implementation with the quality of financial reporting is positive and very strong. The relation of sharia supervisory board role with the quality of financial reporting is positive and very strong.

Topic: Organizations, Professions and Work



Taxes are a major sector and still the main source of Indonesia revenues. However, until now tax management have not been effective and efficient. It was caused by several factors, including; 1) lack of public awareness to pay taxes; 2) the tax management system has not been professionally; 3) the policy of tax management has not been effective; 4) socialization of tax policy has not been effective; and 5) tax collection infrastructure is not adequate. Judging from the science of public policy, there should be an in-depth policy studies related to mechanism of tax system. Accordingly, the article focuses on structuring policy of Taxation Management Agency in West Java Province. The results of study expected is finding of the various alternatives policy that can be taken to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of tax management. So, the all stakeholders relating to taxation can be understand well and increase their participation to enhancement of state revenues from the taxes.

Topic: Organizations, Professions and Work


Talent Management to Competitive Advantage Rattan Furnuture Industry: A Case of Cirebon, Indonesia
Annisa Ciptagustia

Sustainable competitive advantage (SCA) is the main focus as the relate to existence of the organization in the competitive landscape. Wherein, SCA has characteristics VIRN (valuable, rare, non-subtituable and inimitable) and intangible assets such as human resource have theese characteristics. Because human resource is a reaource well as capability for organization, such as talent. Talent is something tha is natural that is owned by someone, while skills and knowledge is something that can be learned. So, the organization should be able to identify what kind of talent needed, then respond through human resources management function.

No exception rattan industry, especially furniture rattan industry which is 80% of the best rattan raw materials in the world comes from Indonesia. But the furniturw rattan industry of Indonesia only has 7.68% world market share. Its indicated competitive advantage over the indonesia furniture rattan industry is likely to be low. The products of furniture rattan are easly to imitate, but crafsman and employees its hard to imitate. Beacause they have experience and ability who became potential performance for now and the future through development program, its called talent. With talent management, organization will be maintance the potential human resources.

Topic: Organizations, Professions and Work


Case Study of Sending Indonesian Nurse- and Careworker-Candidates: Recent Trends from Multi-Culturalization of Japanese Society
Dianni Risda

According to The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communication of Japan, the number of Japanese senior citizen in 2010 has reached 23% of the total population, and in 2060 the number would increase to 39,9%. On the contrary, the number of the birth rate was descreasing. It is recorded that in 1973, the birth rate in Japan was at its peak position, however in 1980 the birth rate has decreased significantly until today.
The Ministry also added that the decreasing number of birth rate and the increasing number of senior citizen has impacts on the society in many ways. One of the impacts is that the growth of the nursing home has grown rapidly. On the other hand, the number of productive-age population has decreased and lead to the shortage of the careworker who actually could take care the senior citizen. This situation has become a big problem at the national level. The government has also had so many efforts to solve this problem.
In July 2008, The Government of Japan and Indonesia has signed the Economic Pertnership Agreement (EPA), where one of the agreement points has opened an opportunity for Indonesian nurse and caregiver to work in Japan. Based on that agreement, from 2008 until 2014, there are 1235 numbers of Indonesian nurse and caregiver are working at hospitals and nursing home in Japan.
The increasing number of Indonesian nurse and caregiver in Japan has also affected to the daily life of the society in Japan. There have been some changes and problems in the Japanese society caused by the interaction between the migrant workers from Indonesia. Hence, the multiculturalism has become existed in the society.
This research attempted to discover the influence of the increasing number of Indonesian worker who work in Japan based on the EPA Program towards the multiculturalism in the Japanese society. The research analysed the problems that occurred in the society caused by the multiculturalism interaction and solutions to anticipate that problems.

Topic: Organizations, Professions and Work


Vina Salviana Darvina S and Wahyudi

In Indonesia conflicts between political party supporters often found in the atmosphere ahead of the General Election campaign or Legislative Election it usually also tinged with violence or physical conflict. It shows the weakness of the internal political education on political parties to constituents. This study raised the phenomenon of weak political education on political parties is obviously related to the part of the human security.
From the description above, it is interesting to study: (1) how is the national knowledge of political party’s cadres and constituent? (2) How is the political education for the cadres and constituent to avoid the conflict? The research method is qualitative approach. The subjects of this research are the leader and official of the political parties (7 political parties) and also the constituents. The collecting data are observation, interview and focus group discussion. The technique of data analyzes is interactive analyzes.
The finding of the research is the national knowledge and political education for political party’s cadres and constituents are not optimal. Their knowledge about politics is still limited and more pragmatism. It is caused by the lack of political education from the political party. Based on these findings, we develop a solution to solve those problems by strengthening political education using the integrative-participative model. The model includes a synergy between political party committee, universities and NGOs as part of civil society. Political parties have responsibility to give national knowledge and right political consciousness to their constituents. If it can be done, it will create qualified constituents and develop the constituents with good national knowledge and political consciousness and reach human security.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Rhetoric of Quipping’s Two President Candidates: Semiotics Analysis to News Coverage on Political Struggle of Prabowo-Jokowi in Presidential Election 2014.
Triyono Lukmantoro

Presidential Election 2014 presented two candidates that compete very hard. They are Prabowo Subianto and Joko Widodo (Jokowi). They were involved in quipping each other that contain weaknesses of them and even ridiculous statements. The purpose of this research is describing how reported political statements that expresses quipping of Prabowo and Jokowi. Besides that, the aim of this research is explaining the rhetorical style of Prabowo and Jokowi in their political statements.
The results of this research are Prabowo quipped Jokowi as puppet president candidate, fickle leader, the liar, and polite man but full of hypocrisy. Jokowi also quipped by two poems, Sajak Seekor Ikan and Sajak Raisopopo. Jokowi expressed defense strategy to respond Prabowo. But, in fact, Jokowi also quipped Prabowo as elitist leader because he only campaigned on rich areas, Prabowo never go to meet the people and incapable in farming problems.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


)“Actualizationof Thought inthe Development of Indonesian Nationalism Civil Society (Phenomenological Study ofTheStruggleMoh.NatsirIn The Development OfThe Citizenship Values)".
Miftahul Aliyah, DR. Sapriya, M.Ed , Prof. Dr. Dadang Supardan, M.Pd , Dr. Cecep Darmawan, M.Si

This research is motivated by the tendency of nationalism disintegration in some Indonesian citizens whofeared could fade patriotism and love for Republic of Indonesia. The attitude that is feared the disintegration and dissolution of the Republic of Indonesia.With so many educated citizens should Republic of Indonesi more robust, and the realization of Indonesian civil society. There is a tendency in some circles nationalism educated declined.To prevent this there is need for strengthening nationalismin education, especially in Citizenship Education. One o the efforts to strengthen nationalism is featuring national figures tha nationalism has been this research, which figures subject is Mohammad Natsir. Problem statement in this study is how: (1) Background of Natsir nationalism thought construct civil society in Indonesia; (2) The concept of nationalism Natsir; (3) How Natsir socialize ideas of nationalism; (4) Implications Natsir thinking about nationalism; (5)Perform re-actualization thought Natsir.The general objective this research to obtain empirical information that can be used asa reference in developing the foundation and Civic Education and Indonesia Civil Society;.The specific objective is: toobtain information about (1) thinking and understandingNatsir about nationalismin order todevelop a Civic Education; (2) Rationale Natsir nationalism; (3) How Natsir socialize ideas of nationalism; (4) The implications of nationalism thought Natsir against Civic Education; (5) Explores how to re-actualization of thought nationalism.This research used a qualitative approach with a phenomenological method. Technique data collecting are by interview, documentation study, and the study of literature. The results showed that: (1) nationalism thoughts Natsir influenced by the family environment, education, relationships in the Islamic Unity, organizational experience, reading, and positions in the government; (2) The concept of nationalism that developed Islamic religious nationalism, theistic democracy ; not anti-Pancasila but notwilling if Pancasila used as a tool to perpetuate power; (3) Natsir socialize with the inscription thoughts, dialogue, lectures, and teaching (4) The values that need to be developed, to love Republic of Indonesia, theisticdemocracy, democratic, obedient to the synergize Islamic teachings and love of country, and acritical attitude; (5) How re-actualization thought Natsir, in Civic Education should inculcate an attitude of corruption, avoid violence, democratic, and cultivate a critical attitude. From these results, the authors recommend to researchers and practitioners in order to develop it by exploring the civic education potential that exists in the national figures, and to practitioners Civic Education are expected to develop a democratic attitude of theistic in educating and showing a history of the figures that cover all aspects of the personality so that the learners imitate the characters.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


M Yahya A,AMA S,Runik M

The quantity of society/public and national organizations is increasing. However, it is not accompanied by comprehension and understanding of the organization functions, especially in the education of law, politics and national character building, since the national character building contains in the function and role of society organization. This research aimed to map out the level of functioning and the society organization role in the education of law and politics. This study used qualitative approach with descriptive method, in which the research site took place in rural area. The data is collected by interviewing the staff and the organization members, organization member documents, and the observation conducting in the offices and their environment. The research findings showed that the society organization role in law education concerning the implementation of law and order only committed on the internal activity through suggestion appeals with different approaches, related to the government policy in the form of hearing and advocacy, the role of society organization in political education especially in improvement of political participation through socialization within internal society organization. The present activity tended to the internal activity therefore their existence function as the agent of society in national life context, in fact still gave less significant contribution.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Empowering the Role of “Ninik Mamak” and Traditional Institution (KAN) for the Resolution of "Tanah Ulayat” Conflict in West Sumatera
Surya Prahara, Nilda Elfemi, Dian Kurnia Anggreta

The aim of this research is to describe the existence of “ninik mamak” in solving “tanah ulayat” conflict in Minangkabau and to create a model which is a program to reinforce ninik mamak’s roles and traditional institution (KAN) in overcoming “tanah ulayat” conflict. It is a qualitative research. The data of this research is collected by indepth interview. The result of this research shows factors of Tanah Ulayat conflict in West Sumatera is The untransparent deliberation process, The untransparent delegation process to “Anak Nagari” (the heirs), Unfulfilled agreement by the factory, and Untransparent Refund. The existence of Kerapatan Adat Nagari (KAN) is considered not capable to give solutions equitably. Most of those these cases cannot be solved by “ninik mamak” (KAN). Five from six cases are handled by formal court, and one case is handled by “ninik mamak” through KAN. It means that the existence “ninik mamak” in solving “tanah ulayat” conflict is low. “ninik mamak” still involve in overcoming conflict, they are not the judge of the cases. It can be indicated that “ninik mamak” and KAN’s position judicially in the formal judicial system is not clear. A PERDA is needed as a law in implementing “Peradilan Adat” and related with legislation of the justice system and customs disputes, so it will influence te quality of “Peradilan adat” ruling legally. If there is a juridical clarity if indigenous courts, all cases which are included in “Peradilan Adat” might not be investigated by “Pengadilan Negeri”. If the “Peradilan Adat” is as equal as “Pengadilan Negeri”, indigenous court will not be sub-ordinate of “Pengadilan Negeri” which its verdict is only for consideration.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Ridwan Purnama

An urban Bandung in West Java that has a dense population recorded in 2014 the population of the Bandung City totaled 2,483,977 people, the impact of these conditions were increasingly heavy burden of the city facing a very complex and complicated with a variety of problems such as pollution, population density, urbanization, urban transport, and complex problems are not well-organized and the city as a result of uncontrolled growth of street vendors .this research is focused on the presence of street vendors which is a business group structure bottom in the levels of world trade.The existence of street vendors is actually not a problem when they follow the norms and provisions of applicable law, but reality shows, the informal sector of the city has been denying a number of norms and regulations applicable law. In the juridical-sociological study of these conditions shows that the growth and development of street vendors are not always followed by the arrangement and law enforcement that gave birth to deviant behavior (deviation). Therefore, this research is intended to describe and analyze the influence of the attitude of street vendors to law enforcement officials and motivation vendors against deviant behavior of street vendors in the city of Bandung. While the methods used in this research are an explanatory survey emphasis on efforts to obtain information about a phenomenon at the time of the research conducted so as to get the findings of the attitude of street vendors, work motivation to the damned law enforcement affect the deviant behavior of street vendors in the form of violation of norms or regulations in Bandung.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Procedural democracy: the ideology penetration of materialism on the Pancasila
Bagus Haryono

Procedural democracy: the ideology penetration of materialism on the Pancasila.
Bagus Haryono,, Sebelas Maret University.

This article aims to describe the ideology penetration of materialism on Pancasila, particularly the idea of Pancasila democracy in Surakarta society. Pancasila became a mutual agreement for Indonesia, the sole principle that sustains democracy, diversity and national unity has been deformed, due to the crisis of leadership, ideology and the lack of a common platform. Does Pancasila as the underlying idea of democracy in Indonesia - can survive in globalization era, when battered by the ideology of pragmatism, capitalism and materialism, which leads to the attainment of momentary interests, equity interests, by placing the material, as the size of the main, and when the direction of orientation shifted from idealism to pragmatism and materialism, in particular the money – on the exchange term - frequently symbolically asked the form of Malang apples or apple washington.
The idea of Pancasila democracy becomes faint sound, even substantially no longer be ejected by the officials of this country, even in official meetings. Godhead intepretated on financial almighty. Humanity which was defeated by the calculation of nominal money. Unity, unite only with the same interests, positions that generate financial gain. Deliberations that resulted in the evil conspiracy; to defend the mafia interests. The idea has shifted, and tend dominated by liberal thought and procedural or administrative nature. The indication of prospective leaders, where the thought in his mind so important, so legalizing any way. leadership fall in short-term interests, even understanding of democracy intepretated accordance with momentary interest, since they tend to be tempted by and battered by the ideology of materialism (barter financially, such as dowry politics), be a mind-shift Pancasila to materialism, capitalism, become the leader of the transformational based Pancasila into contractual. Consensus that shifts to a vote, where each sound has a count of money (money politics, financial strength as a political capital that must be taken into account by the sound multiplied by the nominal money that must be provided or invested, which would underpin the notion that when served to think about how to get back capital). Justice intepretated just equitable for relatives and supporters.
Qualitative research, revealed through the Participatory Rural Appraisa (PRA) method, the informant is determined by purposive sampling, which sets Mural media as a means of actualizing the implementation of Pancasila in life.
Finding that the bottom-up model internalization of Pancasila - selected citizens (through Mural), proved to be more attached inscribed durable in consciousness, thought and personality, as well as their actions, compared with the top-down model of socialization - indoctrinatively , Divinity that guides every step of thought and action, not humanitarian substantial instrumental, and genuine unity (non common interests), the deliberations which precede kinship, justice does not discriminate. Through the PRA, the soul or spirit of Pancasila manifested in everyday life.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Fundamental Sociological Symptoms as a Source of Occurrence of Turbulence Indonesian Society During the Post-reform
Prof.Dr. Dasim Budimansyah, M.Si

This paper discusses the extent to which the fundamental sociological phenomenon is the emergence of power centered on an elite group (oligarchy) and the appearance of veiled hatred that became the source of the turmoil of post-reform Indonesian society. The paper argues that the problem lies in the lack of an agreement to develop naturally, and participatory values (normative integration) and rely more on power approach (integration coercive). Indonesia needs to create a civic culture as a cultural agreement to establish harmony among groups in society and one of them through the learning of Sociology.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Political Discourse of Democracy and Citizenship in Local Autonomy Policy (A Case Study on Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta)

Abstract - The aim of this paper is to explore the local autonomy policy in Indonesia by taking Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (Yogyakarta Special Region) as a case-study. There appears a kind of contradiction between this policy and our understanding of the concepts of democracy and modern citizenship. People rejected the election of governor in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. They wanted the Sultan or King of the Kingdom Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat to be their governor. This paper attempt to address the following questions: (1) What does Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta in the context of local autonomy in Indonesia look like?; (2) What are the challenges to and prospects of democracy and citizenship in the future?; (3) What are the challenges to local autonomy policy in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta and prospect of democracy and citizenship in the future?

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Machmud Al Rasyid

The collapse of New Order followed by the emergence of Reformation has changed political, legal, and economic systems. Political and legal systems almost entirely agree to change into liberal one by setting forth Human Rights, but economic system splits, becoming liberal just like political and legal systems, and keeping “integralistic” or kinship leading to socialism. As a result, the Constitutional court, in charge of keeping interpretation on constitution by laws, likely makes several verdict models: legal, attitudinal, strategic, and institutional.

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Empowering the Role of “Ninik Mamak” and Traditional Institution (KAN) for the Resolution of "Tanah Ulayat” Conflict in West Sumatera
Surya Prahara, Nilda Elfemi, Dian Kurnia Anggreta

The aim of this research is to describe the existence of “ninik mamak” in solving “tanah ulayat” conflict in Minangkabau and to create a model which is a program to reinforce ninik mamak’s roles and traditional institution (KAN) in overcoming “tanah ulayat” conflict. It is a qualitative research. The data of this research is collected by indepth interview. The result of this research shows factors of Tanah Ulayat conflict in West Sumatera is The untransparent deliberation process, The untransparent delegation process to “Anak Nagari” (the heirs), Unfulfilled agreement by the factory, and Untransparent Refund. The existence of Kerapatan Adat Nagari (KAN) is considered not capable to give solutions equitably. Most of those these cases cannot be solved by “ninik mamak” (KAN). Five from six cases are handled by formal court, and one case is handled by “ninik mamak” through KAN. It means that the existence “ninik mamak” in solving “tanah ulayat” conflict is low. “ninik mamak” still involve in overcoming conflict, they are not the judge of the cases. It can be indicated that “ninik mamak” and KAN’s position judicially in the formal judicial system is not clear. A PERDA is needed as a law in implementing “Peradilan Adat” and related with legislation of the justice system and customs disputes, so it will influence te quality of “Peradilan adat” ruling legally. If there is a juridical clarity if indigenous courts, all cases which are included in “Peradilan Adat” might not be investigated by “Pengadilan Negeri”. If the “Peradilan Adat” is as equal as “Pengadilan Negeri”, indigenous court will not be sub-ordinate of “Pengadilan Negeri” which its verdict is only for consideration

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Empowering the Role of “Ninik Mamak” and Traditional Institution (KAN) for the Resolution of "Tanah Ulayat” Conflict in West Sumatera
Surya Prahara, Nilda Elfemi, Dian Kurnia Anggreta

The aim of this research is to describe the existence of “ninik mamak” in solving “tanah ulayat” conflict in Minangkabau and to create a model which is a program to reinforce ninik mamak’s roles and traditional institution (KAN) in overcoming “tanah ulayat” conflict. It is a qualitative research. The data of this research is collected by indepth interview. The result of this research shows factors of Tanah Ulayat conflict in West Sumatera is The untransparent deliberation process, The untransparent delegation process to “Anak Nagari” (the heirs), Unfulfilled agreement by the factory, and Untransparent Refund. The existence of Kerapatan Adat Nagari (KAN) is considered not capable to give solutions equitably. Most of those these cases cannot be solved by “ninik mamak” (KAN). Five from six cases are handled by formal court, and one case is handled by “ninik mamak” through KAN. It means that the existence “ninik mamak” in solving “tanah ulayat” conflict is low. “ninik mamak” still involve in overcoming conflict, they are not the judge of the cases. It can be indicated that “ninik mamak” and KAN’s position judicially in the formal judicial system is not clear. A PERDA is needed as a law in implementing “Peradilan Adat” and related with legislation of the justice system and customs disputes, so it will influence te quality of “Peradilan adat” ruling legally. If there is a juridical clarity if indigenous courts, all cases which are included in “Peradilan Adat” might not be investigated by “Pengadilan Negeri”. If the “Peradilan Adat” is as equal as “Pengadilan Negeri”, indigenous court will not be sub-ordinate of “Pengadilan Negeri” which its verdict is only for consideration

Topic: Political Sociology and Law Issues


Social Capital in Dealing with Neo-Patrimonial Governance of Street Vendors: Lessons from Semarang Municipality and Wonogiri District of Central Java, Indonesia

This paper is intended to examine networks made by street vendors in dealing with local government actions affecting their livelihood. The study shows that the local governments dominate the process of decision-making, and governance of street vendors still continues through a top-down approach. The tradition of a centralistic approach compounded by the neo-patrimonial governance in public decision making is not entirely removed yet. The study concludes that creating social capital is essential for survival as a street trader in the urban areas. The more links street vendors have the more likely they are to be able to survive; those who have the least networks with other stakeholders are the most vulnerable.

Topic: Social Capital


Neiny Ratmaningsih

Education as a power means that education is one of the strongest human powers and potential to fight all the obstructive forces of human nature. Education as power means that we, as the teachers, students, and parents, are the actors who should control education for the common benefits and goals simultaneously. Education as power is capable and strong enough to empower us and society in general, to decide what kind of world we want and how to accept the world. Therefore education provides a strong contribution to improve social capital.

One of the strategic education steps that must be taken is how to simultaneously cultivate and strengthen the social capital of our nation. Social reality shows that social capital is always growing and developing in tandem with the community. Social capital can be imprinted latently in the group and emerged as a potential energy. Through social capital, mutual trust and reciprocity are born, such as mutual respect, sharing, growth of positive emotions for the continuity of a better social transformation, as well as extensive networking.

The development of social capital can be divided into internal and external level. The internal level can be measured by level of trust, willingness to do something for the entire group, unity in a community, including social tolerance and cohesion. Furthermore, the external level of social capital has supporting pillars, namely human capital, financial capital, physical capital, cultural capital and natural capital. Weakness on one of the pillars will influence the workings of social capital at the other levels.

Topic: Social Capital


Dr. Rina Herlina Haryanti, S.Sos, M.Si; Tiwuk Kusuma Hastuti SS, M.Hum; Dr. Diffah Hanim, M.Si

The number of maternal mortality shows the quality of basic health services in a country. The maternal mortality ratio shows how much the willingness and commitment of a country in order to build a quality human sustainable development . Brebes is the district with the highest maternal mortality rate in the province of Central Java . This study analyzes the " Wali Resti " an educational innovation that is used by Center of health Sirampog at Brebes regency to reduce maternal mortality. By using the gender analysis framework Sarah Long Wee and elaborate social capital into the frame work , it is hoped this paper can describe the whole innovation and policies generated by community governance.
This study uses qualitative research methods to the type of ethnography . Data collection techniques using participant observation , interviews and refer to the document . Informants a total of 11 people consisting of Wali Resti , pregnant women , heads of health centers, community leaders and family of pregnant women with the validity of the data using triangulation data. This study analyzed using gender analysis and analysis of interactive models in a span of 7 months .
The results showed that the Wali Resti is an educational innovation based on social capital and gender perspective aimed at reducing maternal mortality. Wali resti describe typology Bridging Social capital is owned by residents of districts Sirampog . Wali Resti able to synergize participation , resiprocity , Trust, Social Norms and values ​​in terms of womens empowerment and reproductive health education in order to produce a healthy generation .

Topic: Social Capital


Buol in History: Gold Mine and Border Area
Lukman Nadjamuddin

Buol a region that located in north of Central Sulawesi, is an unique area with two characters: mineral resource and as transition area. The natural resource is found as a gold mine, with its potential value for supporting a local income and so interesting for internal investor. Meanwhile its location between two traditional adat, Central Sulawesi and Gorontalo, makes Buol as a historical interesting region. Since eighteenth century, Buol was under Gorontalo. Buol’s important role made her as a part of political central structure in Gorontalo traditional, with status as a member of Limo lo Pohalaa (five traditional regions). After the structure was abolished by the Dutch in 1889, Buol integrated into a colonial administrative unit in Afdeeling Gorontalo. However, the gold mine in Paleleh, part of Buol, in the late nineteenth century, changed the colonial policy toward this area. To dominate the rich area effectively, the Dutch separated Buol of Afdeeling Gorontalo and integrated her to the new established Afdeeling Midden Celebes in 1905. The target was to exploit Buol’s mine.. It would be easy if Buol did not have any traditional relation to Gorontalo, so there was no potential threat to the colonial policy in Central Sulawesi. The phenomenon was a first step to colonial domination, political and economic exploitation over Buol, as a new period of Buol’s history. At present, Buol has several times changed in her administrative territorial system.

Topic: Social Capital


The Implementation of Improving Creativity and Innovativity of Cimahi Municipality’s Human Resource Policy
Dr. Idi, Dr. Ayuning, Dr. Diani

Cimahi Municipality is a relatively big municipality with twelve million population at West Java Indonesia.This municipality has visions, misions and aims in improving creativeness and innovativeness its human resource to improve their local revenue. However, there are obstacles in the implementation of improving creativity and innovativity of Cimahi municipality’s human resources policy, namely unsustainable training programs, lack of capacity of loans, lack of quality of human resources, lack of infrastrucure, and lack of marketing.
The writer argues that the implementation of improving creativity and innovativity of Cimahi Municipality’s human resources should be based on communication between government and its people, the quality of human resources, and leaders’ commitment, honesty and democratism value and bureaucratic sructure. This research uses a qualitative approach and descriptive analysis method. The writer uses a literature review technique to analyse data and information in this research.
The results of this research are communication beween government and it’s society needs to be improved by conducting focus group discussion and workshops in improving creativity and innovativity in local products. There is an urgently need of srategic planning in conducting training that should be based on local human resource needs, restructuring standard operating procedure of local government that handling these issues.

Topic: Social Capital


The Impact of SNSs Usage on Social Capital and Knowledge Sharing in Organization
Adhi Prasetio, Ratih Hurriyati, Arif Partono Prasetio, Rolyana Ferinia, Maylanny Christin

Organizational learning is affected by knowledge sharing. This paper seeks to add to the research on the role of social capital in promoting knowledge sharing among employees in Social Networking Sites. We examined the influence of SNSs usage on social capital that has 3 dimensions: structural (social interaction ties), relational social capital (trust, norms of reciprocity, and identification), cognitive (shared vision) and then social capital’s influence on knowledge sharing among 97 employees. The result was analyzed using PLS-SEM method to examine the hypotheses. The results showed that Social Networking Sites usage affects Social Capital and cognitive dimension of social capital influence knowledge sharing.

Topic: Social Capital


Study of Indigenous Peoples Empowerment Model in Cireundeu Village
Ema Sumiati, Achmad Hufad

Social and technological developments today did not have a significant impact to the culture of indigenous peoples in Cireundeu Village. Instead, they can maintain their ancestor cultural values and traditions, in their social and economic ways. The objectives of this research were to discover and explain the patterns of social and economic life in accordance to local wisdom. The results obtained through an ethnographic approach using Logic Analysis Method showed: (1) Pattern of Cireundeu society that formed today is formed through a long stage of socialization, inherited, and have been applied since childhood, which is becoming a fundamental need for all indigenous peoples in Cireundeu Village. (2) The economic system of villagers is built based on the principles of fulfilling the needs, by giving them abilities to compete with outsiders. (3) Empowerment of indigenous peoples in Cireundeu Village using the principle of the people, by the people, and for the people. This principle was built based on discovering potentials to strengthen the resilience of socioeconomic. Thus, it could be an entity that has the potential-based economy and local knowledge.

Topic: Social Capital


Subhanudin Husen, Yadi Ruyadi, Siti Komariah, Siti Nurbayani

PLWH are often insolated by society due to stigma surrounding them. Self resistence for being positively infected of HIV/AIDS appearing self depression for PLWH. In this case, Rumah Cemara (organization protecting PLWH) can be solution for PLWH to establish social capital so that it can improve the quality of life on mental, physical, social, and economic. Rumah Cemara have been building program with trust through sympathy and empathy until it shapes the strongest social network which is proven with involving PLWH to participate and build positive solidarity between PLWH and society.

Topic: Social Capital


Calculation the Effect of Nominal Limit to the Availability of Facilities and Paramedics Needed with the System Dynamics Methodology
Aries Susanty, Nia Budi Puspitasari, Purnawan Adi, Diva

There are some problems faced by the Healthcare and Social Security Agency (Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial Kesehatan or “BPJS Kesehatan”) in managing community-based health insurance program. In fact, the number of patients has increased dramatically and this condition influences the amount of the total cost to be covered by the by BPJS Kesehatan and also influences the degree of satisfaction of the participant of this program. Based on this condition, this study will give BPJS Kesehatan a suggestion to switch the current system with the indemnity insurance payment system. Indemnity plans allow the participant to direct their own health care and visit almost any doctor or hospital she/he like. The insurance company then pays a set portion of their total charges. Indemnity plans are also referred to as "fee-for-service" plans which have a nominal limit restricted the cost of health care of each participant. More specifically, this study aims to develop the simulation that describes the interrelationships between the various factors that affect the availability of facilities and paramedics needed after the BPJS kesehatan set nominal limit restricted the cost of health for each participant. This simulation will be carried out by the system dynamics methodology. The result of the simulation showed that, when BJS kesehatan set the nominal limits, the facility and paramedics need decrease compared to the current state. Once the nominal limit restricted the cost of health for each participant is assigned, in 2016, the system does not require additional health center and only requires an additional 39 hospitals or 26 beds in each existing hospital the Province of Central of Java, 12.740 physicians, 3,417 dentists, and 18.468 nurses.

Topic: Social Security and Public Health


Supporting and Inhibiting Factors in the Structured Peer Network among Housewives in Coping with HIV/AIDS in Surakarta Indonesia
Argyo Demartoto , RB. Soemanto, Siti Zunariyah

In Indonesia, HIV/AIDS case increases in housewives group, but it has not been coped with seriously. One attempt of preventing and coping with HIV/AIDS is health behavioral changing intervention through PE among housewives. This study aimed to find out the supporting and inhibiting factors of structured peer network model among housewives in dealing with HIV/AIDS in Surakarta Indonesia. This study was a qualitative research with exploratory type. The data collection was conducted using observation, in-depth interview, Focus Group Discussion, and documentation study. Technique of analyzing data used was an interactive model of analysis. The result of research showed that the reaching strategy through structured peer network among housewives in coping with HIV/AIDS was initiated by Duta (ambassador) who established Second Layer, reached RT, RW, kelurahan, and then other areas. The support from RT, RW, and local Kelurahan was given in only licensing and providing infrastructure, while AIDS Coping Commission of Surakarta City held program management involving program planning and preparation, prospect ambassador selection, preliminary training, reinforcing training, supervising, communication and coordination of stakeholders, and evaluation. The inhibiting factors were difficulty of establishing second layer, individual reaching, peer environment, less optimum communication and coordination, less ready program management, so that the peer educator’s roles were simplified.

Topic: Social Security and Public Health


Analysis of Livelihoods Security of Three Farmer Communities at Nickel Mining Area in South Konawe Regency
Muhammad Ihsan Mattalitti1), Sitti Rahma Mamun2)

This study aims to investigate the impact of nickel mining activities on the livelihoods security of farmers in three farmer communities at South Konawe, and the implications of the policy on their livelihoods security. This case study was done in two villages in South Konawe involving three farmer communities. The population of this study was divided into three farmer communities with each focusing on paddy rice, fish and seaweed farming. The sample was drawn using stratified random sampling resulting in 30 samples, with the smallest sample size considerations as widely used in similar studies. This study uses sustainable livelihoods approach as the framework for data analysis. Five indexes were calculated based on the standardized method which consists of economic security, food security, health security, education security and empowerment security. The result shows that in terms of economic security, seaweed farmer has a higher index compared to the others while fish farmer’s index is higher than the others in terms of food security.

Topic: Social Security and Public Health


Social Responsibilities for Mentally illness
Siti Nurbayani K, Elly Malihah, Mirna Nur Alya A

Cases of mental illness of rural communities in Pangauban very alarming, because happened 34 people with mental illness in these village. Much of the research underlying the incidence of mental illness on the individual, one of which is due to kinship and poverty. This time the villagers had formed a ministry programmed to solve problems mentally illness in the community through village standby "healthy soul" program, it is a form of social care community worked together both morally and materially. The standby village program not also was developed in addition to hospital care for the individual but also to provide guidance for the family and to keep giving support the family members who are sick.

Topic: Social Security and Public Health


Health Belief Model in The Medication System Effort of Coastal Communities in Rokan Hilir Regency
Achmad Hidir

The purpose of this research are to know: (1) what is being done by fishermen family to utilize health facilities to get medication? (2) is there any relation between the economic condition of fishermen family with the utilization of health facilities behavior? (3) is there any relation between the type of patient’s disease with the utilization of health facilities behavior? The research location is chosen purposively in sub district Pasir Limau Kapas in Rokan hilir regency. This location is chosen with consideration that this sub district is coastal area and far from city service facilities access. The capital of this sub district is Panipahan village. Panipahan village is consists of 4 sub villages, they are: Panipahan, teluk Pulai, Pulau Kapas and sei daun. From those 4 sub villages, 2 sub villages are chosen, they are Panipahan and Teluk Pulai. The sample will be taken by simple random sampling from the number in each villages. The number of sampling is 15%. From the number of existing data then from each village is obtained 65 householders sample from Papahan village and 45 householders sample from Teluk Pulai village. The total number os sample is 110 householders. The result of the study finds that there is no people in utilizing health facilities who feel suffer from disease by only doing medical treatment or non medical treatment by changing from more than one treatment. People usually does self medication before doing medical or non medical treatment. This proves that human always does experiment. Most of people feels suffer from disease after utilize non medical treatment than soing medical treatment. Economic condition of family is related to the pattern of health care and the utilization of health facilities. However, there is no real differences between demographic status and culture in maintaining and searching health care for fisherman. In the utilization of health facilities, the characteristic of disease mostly dominated in the orientation of choosing the type of health care. Some proposed suggestion especially: the need of evaluation and revision of policy regulation regarded with: (1) skill improvement of health cadre in the socialization effort of healthy living including introducing indication and contraindication of traditional medicine (2) improvement of health infrastructure and facilities in order to be able to diagnoze disease more thoroughly so that it can give medication appropriately.

Topic: Social Security and Public Health


The Aspect of Social, Economic, Cultural and Public Health after Ten Years of Mining Closure Activities at Buyat Bay, Minahasa, North Sulawesi
Djoko Hartoyo(a) , A. Harsono Soeparjo(b), Abimanyu T. Alamsyah(c), Arie Herlambang(d)

Buyat Bay is a small bay located on the south coast of the peninsula Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. The bay was famous due to the mining activities of PT Newmont Minahasa Raya (NMR) since 1996, where Newmont Mining Corporation under its subsidiary PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya utilizes this bay as the flow of the disposal of tailings (mining waste) for its gold mining activity after going through the process or treatment. To know clearly the result of the gold mining activities, since the closure of the NMR activities, studies have been conducted for 10 years to the impacts caused by the gold mining activities in Buyat Bay. Monitoring activities have been conducted on the environmental conditions and water quality in Buyat Bay, similarly, the aspect of social, economic, cultural and health communities around Buyat Bay. Socio-Economic condition monitoring is done by spreading questionnaires to residents who reside around Buyat Bay. The purpose of the survey of the social, economic, cultural and public health is to know the public perception of 10 years after the closure of the mining activities of PT NMR. The pollution issue was arised in the media, causing the onset of diseases like Minamata evidently was not true. It can be seen that the environment and waters of Buyat Bay is getting better and the results are very good fishing.

Topic: Social Security and Public Health


Study of Gender In Adaptation Strategies Post Kelud Eruption 2014
Agus Purnomo (a*), Neni Wahyuningtyas (b), Nurul Ratnawati (c)

Kelud Volcano eruption in 2014 has weakened every aspects of life in society are affected. Some communities are vulnerable to this disaster ruin all their livelihoods. In the village Pandansari Ngantang Malang, most of the people are farmers. 90% of jobs people are farmers and farm workers (mreman). So that when the disaster happens they do not have a livelihood again. This study used a qualitative approach with a focus on assessing the impact of sustainable livelihoods of rural communities Pandansari households after the eruption of Volcano Kelud 2014 . The subject of research as many as 90 people were taken from the 15% of families who work in the agricultural sector with interactive model developed by Miles and Huberman.
Women in every disaster is generally only viewed as passive victims and do not do anything after the disaster. Where as the role of women in disasters can have a big impact in accelerating the recovery efforts after the disaster. From the processing of raw data in the field, adaptation strategies undertaken by women after the eruption of Volcano Village Pandansari Kelud 2014 include social and economic adaptation. On social adaptation few women allocate all family members to work, another form of adaptation is with the activities of gathering people who routinely done once a week. And the adaptation of the economy, some women applying diversification work to increase the family income while waiting for agricultural land can be reprocessed. The whole form of adaptation is an attempt to restore livelihoods quickly. The forms of adaptation which do not necessarily carried out by all the village women Pandansari, it is influenced by several factors, among others, the level of education and number of members of the family. Alternative livelihood strategies on a sustainable economy after the eruption of Volcano Kelud in the village Pandansari that can be offered is a recovery effort farmer groups by making these groups as coordination of agricultural activities in order to improve the ability of its members to be able to restore and improve living standards after the eruption.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Yohanes Bahari

The aim of this research is to describe conflict resolution based on Tionghoa Ethnic customs in Pontianak, West Kalimantan. The research question is as follows: How was conflict resolution based on ethnic Tionghoa customs carried out? This research used qualitative approach with ethnographic method. The informants of this research comprised of the executives of Tionghoa customs and culture Assembly [MABT], Tionghoa public figures and members of Tionghoa society at the grass roots level. The techniques of data collecting were direct communication technique and documentary study. The instruments of data collecting were interview guide and records of documents. Data processing in this research was carried out in three stages, namely: data reduction, data display and conclusion drawing. The research findings are as follows: [1] conflict resolution based on the customs of Tionghoa Ethnic society in Pontianak consists of the custom of Tau Kiam and the custom of using Kim Hue Ang Tiu and Ka, [2] conflict resolution through the custom of tau kiam refers to the custom of asking for and giving forgiveness through mutual concensus presided over by a lau tua, which is applied to cases that revolve around misunderstanding or verbal quarrel or miscommunication, [3] conflict resolution through the custom of kim hue ang tiu and ka refers to the custom of asking for and giving forgiveness by giving golden flower and oranges, which are applicable to cases of slandering, disgracing someone else's good name, damaging someone else's dignity, theft, adultery and divorce, [4] The two customs of conflict resolution are considered sacred because they were derived from Tionghoa ethnic religion and belief system which have been handed down from generation to generation.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Mamat Ruhimat

Landslides are one of the events are difficult to predict accurately. Morphology region, type, structure and texture of the soil, rainfall, vegetation density, as well as the behavior of the population in the use of land, thought to be a number of dynamic factors that could affect the occurrence of landslides. This research was conducted in Sagalaherang Subang. District Sagalaherang physically located in areas of potential landslides. Knowledge and readiness of communities to deal with landslides is necessary to study. This study aims to determine the level of community preparedness in the face of landslides using index analysis the level of preparedness of UNESCO. The primary data obtained through observation and questionnaire as well as interviews with the community. Secondary data were obtained from a review of various documents and relevant literature. Samples society determined proportional random sampling. Sagalaherang is one of the districts in Subang included in the category prone to landslides in the medium to high level, has an average annual rainfall of over 2,700 mm / year. Geological conditions Sagalaherang a volcanic material from the eruption of volcanoes Tangkuban Parahu and Sunda manifold breccia rocks. Morphology hilly region, while for class slope dominated by a class II to V. Based on the results, the level of community preparedness in the face of a landslide in the district Sagalaherang included into the category almost ready. Society has to have insight and knowledge, and the steps that must be done when experiencing occurrences of landslides. However, in the mobilization of resources for disaster management is still lacking. Recommended to increase public knowledge and conduct training activities for resource mobilization to face landslides, so that people come to the ready category.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Disaster Mitigation Model Development in North Bandung Natural
Wanjat Kastolani

North Bandung famous with natural mountain tourism, especially Mount Tangkuban Perahu and anothers. There were a lot of mount tourism destination. A few time ago, there was a shock and tremor around mount Tangkuban Perahu. This condition make a crowded situation in domestic tourist group and foreign tourist. Now, there were not a disaster mitigation model in tourism destination yet. Therefore, it important to make a disaster mitigation model in North Bandung natural tourism area.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Labeling the Survivors
Lutfi Amiruddin

After the Lapindo mudflow survivors left the village and home, they must find out new settlement. Living in a resettlement is not easy matter. The survivors have to deal with different cultures related to their relation to neighborhood.This essay shows how the relation the neighbors, and their view toward the survivors. I see that neighbors created labels for the survivors like “rich family” and “the protester even though they are not rich and not all survivors became protesters. Labels made new social identity of Lapindo mudflow survivors. On the other hand, labels brought the survivors on to the new social disaster although they are no longer living in disaster area anymore.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Women Agency and the Confirming of Domestic Domain in Community Based Disaster Management
Iwan Nurhadi

Through economic activities and interpersonal relations, East Javanese women find their momentum to engage in new forms of participation, accumulate economic and social capital in community based disaster management. However, it is important to highlight that the types of agency pointed suggest that the protagonism of women still emanates from the periphery of social relations. The significant economic contributions of their work are still perceived as residual, incident and secondary to male income. Concomitantly, the support networks alimented by women is not recognized as a source of power or status–on the contrary, it serves the political position of the husband that can consult and benefit from her knowledge about community members and issues. Structuration theory (Giddens, 1984) establishes that individual action, or agency, is enabled by common frames of meaning provided by the structural positioning of individuals. Such agency practices, even though can incubate openly political and recognized forms of participation, do not claim to overthrow relations of power at work. On the contrary, they produce new clusters of action that coexist, intersect and negotiate along with legitimate structures.
During the contingency of flood, households organize themselves within the logic of sexual division of labor in daily tasks. Men perform “braver” activities like heading out of the house before the water drains, conducting cattle to safer higher ground, safeguarding the house and helping neighbors. Women tend to stay inside with children and elderly or evacuate them to higher ground or to the nearby houses for shelter. Not much can be done while the water is high, and since family members assemble inside the house (school activities are also paralyzed), there might be an increase in the domestic workload of women (pampering children, cooking), even though this was not mentioned by any informant.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Loving your global neighbor: Donor organizations and meaning making during times of natural disaster
Dr. Craig Cook

This paper addresses the issue of natural disasters and the meaning making of evangelical donor agencies during such times of crisis. Specifically, in regard to the aftermath of Typhoon Yolanda in the Philippines in October 2013, structured interviews will be conducted with various participants from evangelical transnational non-government organizations. The questions that will be addressed are one’s of meaning making for the various donor agencies that sought to help communities in crisis in the Philippines after Typhoon Yolanda. What meaning do these donor agencies make for themselves and their constituent base? What meanings are made for the donor agencies in relation to the local communities where aid was given? What were the meanings made across donor organizations as each sought their respective contributions? A symbolic interaction framework will be employed to analyze the data collected from these interviews. Formal leaders of these evangelical donor organizations as well as direct participants in the giving of humanitarian aid during the Typhoon Yolanda crisis will be interviewed. The paper will then theorize a way forward for donor organizations in the giving of appropriate, relevant, and timely humanitarian aid in times of natural disaster crises.

Topic: Sociology Disaster


Listening to Marginalized Womens Expressions of Anger (A Communication Study on the Use of Women’s Language for Resistance in the Prostitution Boarding Quarter at Sunan Kuning, Semarang)
Hapsari Dwiningtyas Sulistyani

This paper explores how women’s communication within a distinctive community signifies their power-relations in the social structure. Language is an essential tool for women to participate in power. The women’s language in this regard is not merely considered as verbal speech, but also the various array of expression, including women’s expression of anger. The study purposely observed the anger expressions of female sex workers in Sunan Kuning boarding quarter of Semarang, of which was the neglected marginal group. The marginal nature of the group was also revealed by the fact that there are interests of parties surrounding the group tried to exert some control over the group. The main point of the research was to explain the potency of female sex workers’ expressions of anger for communicating their resistances. The logic of the theoretical framework drew on Bourdieu’s thought of masculine domination and feminist postmodern of language, whereas the speech code theory provided insight on marginalized women’s resistance. Critical ethnography was the method used to attain the research objectives.
Findings pointed out that there were certain speech codes of the prostitute group: straight forward, blatant, and using the harsh tendency of northern-Java-coastal dialect. The harsh talking, which mostly associated to masculine nature, was mainly used to express anger. This study indicated that women from the marginalized groups were indeed speaks through their anger. As members of the groups however, their voices were barely heard. So, appreciating women language, particularly those among the marginalized group, should be conducted with sensibly listen to them as we learn their numerous expressions that were commonly neglected because of the fact that those expressions were beyond the dominant languages.

Topic: Sociology of Gender


Nashriyah, Ace Suryadi, Khairiah Syahabuddin

Most of the studies focusing on gender and gender related issues in the education conducted in developed countries have indicated that the school system and textbook have been preoccupied with gender-stereotyped. Many of these findings then recommended that teacher education curricula for both pre-service and in-service must be provided with opportunities to acquire gender sensitivity knowledge, skills and develop attitudes in classroom layout, use of resources, responsibilities for activities, discipline, classroom language and teacher-students interaction. This study is a preliminary research of a big plan to eradicate gender discrimination in the education by making attempts to promote gender sensitivity in ELT. This is a sort of need assessment to see to what extent the big plan is necessary to execute. The questions that guide the study are: (1) To what extent are university students sensitive about gender and gender related issues? and (2) Are there any differences between male and female students in terms of their sensitivity? To answer the questions, a survey was carried out and 117 university students (91 female and 26 male) participated in this survey. The survey is aimed at finding out their level of sensitivity in terms of knowledge, feeling and behavior about gender related issues. After analyzing the data several findings were found. In general, sensitivity level of university about gender and gender related issues can be considered critical. This is proven by the fact that the level of their bias is moderate ( = 2.56). This might be related to the fact that their knowledge about gender and gender related issues is quite low ( = 1.89). The result also reveals that there were significant differences in the level of sensitivity between male and female students regarding to gender and gender related issues, in which male students is more biased. Based on the findings, this study recommends that it be necessary to make attempts to promote gender sensitivity in ELT.

Topic: Sociology of Gender


Status and Role of Women in Community of Suku Dayak Hindu Budha Bumi Segandhu Indramayu
Puspita Wulandari, Achmad Hufad, Siti Nurbayani K

The community of Suku Dayak Hindu Budha Bumi Segandhu Indramayu values the status and role of women to be more important compared to that of men’s. This study applied descriptive method and Spradley’s analysis design to explain the phenomenon. The result of this study shows that the highest status and role of women in Suku Dayak Hindu Budha Bumi Segandhu Indramayu are shaped through the concept of ngaula ning anak rabi. This concept obligates men to serve themselves to women while releasing women from domestic work responsibilities. Likewise, it allows women to pursue careers of their choice. Further analysis of the concept reveals that the ngaula ning anak rabi concept is originated from the local belief system stating that women is the universe and the source of life which life will not exist without them.

Topic: Sociology of Gender


A Cross-Cultural Analysis of Transnational Marriage: Franco-Indonesian Marriage Case
Tri Indri Hardini

Due to the development of communication technology, IT, and transportation, transnational marriage is very possible. However, this kind of marriage can result in conflict of interest due to the cultural divergence background. If this issue was not overcome, it may lead to a communication failure between two cultures. This research was conducted to discover any cultural communication issues that occurred in a couple where the husband is French and the wife is Indonesian. This research was conducted by using descriptive method and qualitative approach and the data collection were carried on by using direct observation and interview with the research’s participants. The result was presented descriptively, and it is showed that all of the communication issues that were caused by stereotype, prejudice and inclination to judge had been generalized by others citizen as well. It was found that French secularity, or Laïcité may become a very complicated issues for Indonesian spouse whereas in Indonesia a religion matter is a very fundamental course that has been taught since elementary level. Another example was one of Javanese culture- Sungkeman¬- that actually symbolizes the evidence of submission may not suitable with the value of égalité that is hold by French citizen. Even a simple motion such as body language could rise an issue as well; a haptic communication that was very common for French citizen may cause culutural shock for Indonesian spouse. It was a very crucial issues since it might influence the spouse on a daily life, and cause a conflict. In addition, a language barrier between a marriage couples may cause misinterpretation or a problem.

Topic: Sociology of Marriage and Family


Adolescents Satisfaction Perspective on Quality of Family Life: Research on Indonesia Overseas Worker in Plantation Sector Industry in Malaysia
Tarma, Uswatun Hasanah, Dimas Teguh P

The main purpose of this study was to identify the Adolescent Satisfaction Perspective on Quality of Family Life. The quantitative research method was employed using close-questionnaire. The study was conducted on 18 adolescents aged 13-15 years old who come from families of Indonesian workers in Malaysias plantation sector. The quality of family life examined include family situation, management of family resources, family interaction, and parental education. The results showed that adolescents satisfaction on the quality of family life of Indonesian overseas worker in plantation sector in Malaysia is in the high category (average score is 78,46 percent from ideal). Housing conditions, employment and income of parents is the highest thing that makes adolescent feel satisfied about the quality of family life (score above 90%). The spiritual state of the family and the relationship or communication with siblings / extended family is the lowest satisfaction factor (scores below 55%).

Topic: Sociology of Marriage and Family


Wilodati, Dasim Budimansyah, Sudardja Adiwikarta, Yadi Ruyadi

Parenting is a model of the interaction of parents and children made with loving care, which is part of the process of child maintenance, which includes physical and psychological needs of fulfillment, as well as the dissemination of the norms in force in the community so that the child can live in harmony with their surroundings. Parenting parents the child is done with a different type. Each type of parenting, have different characteristics, and is believed to be influential on the character of their children. The diversity of types of parenting done parents against children, among others, is influenced by the type of parenting that is accepted by the parents of his parents in the past, as well as the personalities of the parents. In a family, where the mothers profession as a foreign labor and terposisikan wasnt home within specified, automatically the responsibility of parenting and education and implementation of his sons switched completely to the father. A typology of parenting a different father, allegedly will result in a different child characters. Research using qualitative approach, and is a case study of Sindangmulya Village in Kutawaluya subdistrict of Karawang in West Java, Indonesia is expected to give an overview about the typology of parenting and its effects on the character of the father of the child.

Topic: Sociology of Marriage and Family


Family Roles in Selecting Suitable Candidate for a Marriage for the Daughters who are Indonesian Citizens of Arab Descent in Semarang Tengah District, Semarang
Thriwaty Arsal

Marriage makes the married couple change the basic functions of the family that a family is a unit of engagement which is also a unit of residence which is marked by the presence of economic cooperation, has the function to proliferate, as a place to socialize or to educate children and help protect the weak, especially care for elderly people. In other words, the selection of a suitable candidate is aimed to form a marriage, where the marriage will have an influence on the husband or the wife and also to the families of both parties. The selection of a suitable candidate for a marriage in a society is not all the same, in certain societies there are those who give absolute freedom for the women to choose the suitable candidate themselves, but there are also those who give certain requirements, which means that they do not give the freedom for the women to choose their own suitable candidate for a marriage and they have to choose a man who come from the same social class as them. Such a form of marriage is called endogamy and endogamy marriage will be bound together in a certain group or association in which its limit is decided strictly. Regulations about endogamy are formed by certain society to arrange a marriage in such a way so that they form goals achievement for the society itself. The selection of a suitable candidate by the parents for the daughter has the sole purpose in which for the sake of the family’s interest. Of course the family’s reputation and the wealth of both families will be at stake in every marriage because a marriage is an important step in bringing a family to a higher social class, for example, a woman who comes from a rich family but also from a low caste gets a man of a higher caste, then the woman will gain a high status based on the caste that is carried by the man as a married couple.

Topic: Sociology of Marriage and Family


Trust and Risk in the Relationship of Migrant Workers and Brokers: Case Study in Adipala Cilacap and Sampung Ponorogo
Pratina Ikhtiyarini

This paper discusses the relationship between migrant workers and brokers (calo) in Indonesian Migrant Worker (TKI) pre-departure processes in two migrant worker enclaves: Adipala, Cilacap Center Java and Sampung, Ponorogo East Java. The author analyzes data from interviews that have been conducted with migrant candidates or return migrants to investigate their relationship with the brokers. This paper focuses on the mutual trust that contributes to a reciprocal relationship between migrants and brokers. Both parties thus perceive the relationship as one of mutual benefit; migrant workers are grateful for having been given a job, and brokers also profit from migrants’ payment for the journeys. However, the attitude of migrant worker who trusts the broker without doubt is not supported by sufficient knowledge about legal migration procedures. Until now, the existence and number of legal and illegal recruiters (brokers) is difficult to confirm, although the government has issued regulations on migrant recruitment. For example, the migration processes in Banyumas is different from the two regions Of Cilacap and Ponorogo. Due to local government’s restrictions on brokers’ mobility, brokers find it difficult to recruit workers. This paper will draw on these comparisons and fieldwork data to argue that local governments have an important function in disciplining brokers. In addition, the relationship between migrant workers and brokers is based on both trust and risk, and tends to have a negative effect.

Topic: Sociology of Population and Migration


Awakening Through Career Woman: Social Capital For Javanese Migrant Worker on Southeast Asia

Becoming a career woman is a wish for most Javanese woman when living from agricultural system is not good for their survival mechanism nowadays. Not only high quality of standard living but also lifestyle has influence most Javanese women changing their mindset ad becoming career woman is the solution through this problem. Career importance for Javanese meant woman have met with public sector occupation, include become migrant worker as happening for last decade in Indonesia.
This article figure out the Javanese woman who constructing their career as a migrant worker on Southeast asia country, such as Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Darussalam succeed reach the goal as a career woman. Based on qualitative research, Javanese migrant worker who stayed at Southeast asia country creating career system with streghtening collective consciousness and contructing Javanese identity on each country by familyhood.
In line with this situation, social capital evolving as a key through career for Javanese migrant worker and renowned as recruitment mechanism among them. Thus, within a decade, tracer into succeed Javanese migrant worker influence another Javanese in Indonesia by following same path, Having communication until they have got a career on Southeast country and line up their familyhood, having leisure time as migrant worker career woman by hang out or having lunch together and constructing the new identity as New International Javanese with modern lifestyle, being autonomous, and commercial.

Topic: Sociology of Population and Migration


Social Identity, Ethnicity and Internal Mobility in Indonesia
Ahmad C. Tridakusumah, Dika Supyandi, Yayat Sukayat

Indonesia is a multiethnic country with more than 1000 ethnics and sub-ethnics. This ethnicity phenomenon played an important part on internal population mobility. Moreover, transmigration, a type of Indonesian internal mobility, is believed as a cultural project and interpreted as “Java-nization” processes carried out by migrants from Central and East Java to the other islands in Indonesia. This paper aims to qualitatively describe social identity and ethnicity phenomena and their relation to internal mobility in Indonesia. In general, this study showed that Indonesian migration pattern is stable with increasing trend. Regional autonomy is a reason for this phenomenon, which opened big opportunity for jobs and investments. However, rural urban gap is still a major problem. Therefore, shifting growth centers to rural areas to foster rural industrialization and agropolitan is needed. Similarly, as a national development program, transmigration should develop better social life to pursue national unity and ready to anticipate social identity and ethnicity potential problems in the society. Finally, migration pattern and internal mobility need to be learned and then to be considered in order to achieve equal distribution of people and fairness of development outcomes in all regions of Indonesia.

Topic: Sociology of Population and Migration


Abdurrohman, M.Si and Dr. Nurun Sholeh

Every religion has its own tradition to celebrate religious sacred days which are ceremonies of religious rituals to remember sacred historical events or to worship God as a token of gratitude. Indonesian people’s multireligion is characterized by rich ceremony tradition and religious festivals. Islam, Christian, Hindu, Budhist, Konghucu and the other religious beliefs have their own sacred day festivals which are celebration from one generation down to another generation. Lombok is well-known as a thousand masjid island has various ceremony and religious festival especially on Islamic sacred day celebrations, considering that the majority of sasaknese Lombok is loyal muslims. Whether it is realized or not, nowadays ceremony and Islamic religious festivals in Lombok the cultural nuance is more dominant than the noble islamic mesages. In the beginning, festivals which used to sacred has changed into profane. The objectives of this research is to investigate ceremony and religious festival in the celebration of prophet Muhammad birthday in east Lombok. The present research also concluded that Islam in Indonesia could accomodate into local tradition and culture.
The present research was a qualitative study which described the phenomenon of ceremony and religious festivals found in the celebration of Prophet Muhammad’s birthday in East Lombok. The location and research subject was done purposively, whereas the process of collecting data was conducted by relying on observation without free interview. Meanwhile, data was analyzed by qualitative analysis to provide deep, factual, accurate and comprehensive description on ceremony and festivals found in prophet Muhammad’s birthday celebration in East Lombok.
Based on interview result and observation, it could be found that in the celebration of prophet Muhammad’s birthday which is celebrated in almost all places in East Lombok, the sacrality and profane overlapped each other. It was characterized by religion and culture affect each other. This could be found in various contests and religious functions to celebrate the prophet Muhammad’s birthday. There are islamic contests such as reading islamic poems, contest of readng the holy Qur’an, memorizing short surahs, and qaasida, and the other cultural contests such as singing contest, music carnival,dance, sack running race, hitting earthenware, climbing areca nut and so forth. Even, in a village there was a dangdut ball match. In some villages, the highlight of prophet Muhammad’s birthday celebration was the “kembuli” carnival in which every villagers participated in the event. In “kembuli” festival the cultural touching was strong which are charcterized by decorating masjid miniature, car or motor cycle followed by dangdut music or marching band. Here, it was clear that religious festival which should be sacred and solemn changed into cultural festival. This phenomenon was called festival religion not religious festival.

Topic: Sociology of Religion



This paper explains about salafi’s hijab concept and its consequences on women’s life. Salafi has been considered as a fanatic moslem organization in Indonesia. It strictly replicates the model of salafi. One of salafi’s doctrine is hijab. Salafi women embracing hijab based on salafi’s rule as an ideal shape and type of hijab, although Islam does not establish the specific rules about it. This research reveals that hijab is related to the roles of women in family and environment. It has put on women unequal position toward men, although women and men has equal position as a God servant.

Topic: Sociology of Religion


Inter-Religious Harmony
Aceng Kosasih

Nowdays, we heard that many media report the unrest and even conflict inter-religious communities. The popular news occured on the Day of Eid 2015 between Muslims and Christians, which is conflict in the Tolikara-Papua. At the incident many were injured, some have died. Dozens of kiosks to places of worship have burnt. Conflict in a religion also still occured, such as the rivalry between Gereja Injil in Indonesia (GIDI). Among Moslems also frequently reported the conflict between Sunni and Syiah , even with the Islam Jama’ah. Those conflicts based on religious background. The questions are why often happened conflicts based on religious backgrounds? Does a religion can be the main source of conflict? All religious teach to live in peace, uphold tolerance, did not it? Why do people often dispute the name of religion? Due to it is a conflict that provoked by religious background. Thus, the sensitivity of the issue of religion, social conflict, the political and economic was often drawn to the area of religion, in order to get more support from its followers. This paper will discuss how societies understand a religion, how religious translated into behavior? What is the role of religion on society or vice versa.

Topic: Sociology of Religion


Harifuddin Halim1; Rasyidah Zainuddin2; Fauziah Zainuddin3

The modern materialistic-hedonistic life and only emphasis on physics aspects itself, resulting in mental aridity, moral decadence and stress. At the point of saturation, people will seek the freshness of his soul. Among those who conduct searches, many are finding compliance with certain religious groups as an alternative container to cope with aridity of the soul.
This paper intends to reveal one of religious groups in Islam that increased in its followers. A number of their Central homebase look more crowded with many people coming from different social, economic, and cultural background.
This paper is based on a review of several studies on Jamaah Tabligh group. Three of them are: “The Preaching Behavior of Jamaah Tabligh group (Jurjis, 2001); Social Impact Studies and Public Perception of Jamaah Tabligh group in Palopo region (Samide, 2008); Jamaah Tabligh: The History, Characteristics and Behavior in the Perspective of Sociology (Kamaruddin, 2010). All of the article, the authors review and mapping characteristics of Jamaah Tabligh.
Jamaah Tabligh group is one of the unique religious group in Islam. This is evident in his teaching socialization strategy by social interaction directly with others to be invited to do something good and practicing their believeness perfectly. Through interaction which they call Silaturrahim, woke the emotional ties up and social solidarity among them to help each other in various ways and various forms. Silaturrahim as a form of their teachings are also applicable to other people who are not part of their group. This conditions bring sympathy to a lot of people to get involved in the Jamaah Tabligh group. At a deeper level, those involved will feel the comfort of soul and spirituality.

Topic: Sociology of Religion


Doing and Communicating Religion on the Web
Moh Yasir Alimi

The emergence of internet has changed radically the way people do and experience religion. One of the most influential religious group that use internet massively for its religious activities, communication and building “spiritual community” are Naqsabandi Nazimiah, a sufi group centred in Michigan United States. This sufi group has worldwide influence through spiritual training it provides to more than 100 thousands of people through hundreds of sufi corners across the world including Indonesia. Through the internet, Naqsabandi sufi group has successfully recruited new members, created spiritual bonds among its corners worldwide, and spread the tolerant and peaceful voice of Islam across the world. The unique use of internet by this sufi group as well as their traditional emphasis on face-to-face gathering allow us to see a practice of “global communication” and “new form of sociality” through which this group place technology of communication in their faith and in their struggle to re-spiritualize the Islamic world and challenge the global dominance of wahhabist Islam in the web.

The online connectivity facilitates the sufi discourses, connectivity and fellowship to become more real and tangible. Examining this sufi group—with their unique emphasis on internet and face to face communication — will not only allow us to nuance the existing theories about religious communication and practice on the web (for example Stephen O’Lears’ “cyberspace as sacred space” 1996 and Derrickson’s “virtual pilgrimage” 2008) and other theoretical initiatives methodologically centered upon online communication, but also will nuance our understanding about “communication” and “religious community” in the age of computer-mediated religious resurgence.

Topic: Sociology of Religion


Endis Firdaus

The democratic leadership in Indonesia is a certainty whihc is unable to be avoided. Although in Indonesian Islamic history there was not the word democracy, except after the independence of Indonesia. The strugling of thingking about the democracy coud be accommodate in the experience of its history that didn’t make musyāwaraħ in Islam as a seperated thing from Indonesian history. With the system of musyāwaraħ as Islamic teaching is closely has the same meaning with the word democracy. It can be found in the thinking and the experience of Indonesia itseslf. Thus, musyāwaraħ in Islam nearly be identified as the word of Democracy. It can be as the teocracy theory which explains the concept of God Power in Islamic view in Indonesia. Indonesian is a nation which is leading to the era of democracy and transparancy and also the growing of Islam itself. The more various thinking in the diversity of Indonesia as a nation and religion , it makes Indonesia as a mutli nations and religions which more democratic.

Topic: Sociology of Religion


The Important Of Religious Foundation In Children Playing Conflicting Values In Digital Games
Nurist Surayya, Djoko Setyabudi

Several recent reports confirm that digital games have a significant presence in the lives of children. Theorists suggest the importance of game as a medium of learning. Playing games can mediate experiences that essential on the learning processes. Nonetheless, games contain rules, narration and symbolization of various culture and ideologies, that playing games can mediate moral learning and culture adoption. Recently, issues of morality in video games have caught public attention. The concerns are intensifying especially due to the escalating number of forms and genre of digital game displaying images and rules conflicting to religious and moral values. Many studies have been focusing on violent and gambling digital games, some related to how such games impacting on children value construction? However, a few research concern on other types of conflicting values digital games. The present study identifies the influence of playing dress up games—type of fashion simulation games that mostly teach player to wear western-style clothing--on muslim children fashion values distraction. Considering almost all dress-up games presenting clothes and fashions violated to muslim values. By survey to 144 muslim children, age 7 to 13 years old in semarang, the findings indicate the significance of amount of dress up gameplay on children materialism and value distraction. However, the finding also elaborated the importance of religious foundation as a control variable to mitigate the negative impacts of gameplay.

Topic: Sociology of Religion


Lili Somantri, Nandi

Wellbeing data of the community is needed in urban and regional planning policy. Remote sensing is a technology that can be used to obtain data on the society welfare conditions of an area based on satellite image interpretation. By using the remote sensing technology, wellbeing data can obtain quickly and accurately to save time, cost, and energy. This paper aims to (1) analyze the use of data society welfare in urban and regional planning; (2) describes how the data-acquisition of society welfare conditions by using remote-sensing technology. The method used is descriptive analytic data from remote sensing, with collection data techniques such as visual interpretation of satellite imagery, field surveys and literature reviews. The results showed that the data of society welfare can be used for the planning of urban areas, such as educational facilities, health care, green open spaces, and job creation. In order to get data welfare of remote-sensing satellite imagery, it was done by visual interpretation object residential buildings (shape, size, and pattern) and the accessibility of the road network.

Topic: Sociology of Technology


Tourists Satisfaction at Community Based Tourist Attractions - The Study of Tourist Satisfaction at Pari Island, Indonesia
Heri Puspito Diyah Setiyorini, Any Noor, Ina Veronica

The study of tourist satisfaction on the community based tourist attraction was still limited. The quality of facilities and services that were provided by the community were usually still limited, however, the attraction has lured tourists because it could offer low-price. This research has attempted to discover how the tourists have viewed the community based tourists attractions in Pari Island. The island is located in northern part of Jakarta at the Thousand Island (Kepulauan Seribui) Municipality. There are some islands in that area that has already developed its tourism sectors, and Pari Island has just joined the tourism development in the early year of 2000. Other island has opened for investors to develop the tourism sectors, while Pari Island emphasized on developing tourism through its community. The people have provided homestays, restaurants, and marine activities, such as snorkeling and diving for tourists. Hence, this research gathered data to discover the tourist’s satisfaction on the facilities and services provided by the community. The method is quantitative research by using factor analysis to discover factors that have influenced the tourists satisfaction.

Topic: Theoretical, Sociology and Economics, Comparative and Historical Studies


The Influence of Production Layout Strategy towards Productivity of Production Line Press D at PT. Mitsubishi Kramayudha Motors and Manufacturing I
Nani Sutarni, 1 Chaerul Furqon, 2 Lud Noviyanto, 3

From many sectors industries in Indonesia, motors vehicle industry has a progressively growth. This industry also including into machines industry and Tools industry can saved our national industries from decline. These group of industries growth as much as 9, 73%. Toyota Astra Motor still dominated our national automotive market share with sales on 2006 until November as much as 113.865 units and gained 39, 6% of market share. PT Krama Yudha Motors and Manufacturing was on the second grade with sales on 2006 reached 41.842 units and only gained 15% of market share. At this time, the productivity of PT. Mitshubishi Kramayudha Motors and Manufacturing I which is the branch of the company was decreased. Based on that problem, the company committed to enhance productivity from changing layout strategy on press production D at PT. Mitshubishi Krama Yudha Motors and manufacturing I (PT MKM I).
The research was conducted to find out described about layout strategy also to find out described about productivity on Production Line Press D at MKM I, Ltd. and to find out about The influence of Production Layout Strategy towards Productivity of Production Line Press D at Mitsubishi Kramayudha Motors and Manufacturing I, Ltd.
The object of this research are layout strategy as independent variable, and productivity as dependent variable. Subject of this research Production Line Press D from production stamping section at MKM I, Ltd. This study used descriptive verification type, descriptive and explanatory survey method.
The result of this research indicated that layout strategy and productivity has correlations as much as -0,621%. The correlation has a negative influence with strong level correlation between layout strategy and productivity. The Determination power of variable X and variable Y as much as 38, 56% and the less as much as 61, 44% influenced by another variables that was not researched in this study.
Based on the result of this research, the advice for MKM I, Ltd. it must commit continues improvement on the other factors which is can bring more contribution of productivity improvement beside layout strategy.

Topic: Theoretical, Sociology and Economics, Comparative and Historical Studies


SMEC – Strategic Matrix for Evaluation & Controlling Model
Sony Sasongko

Almost all Strategic Management books, or related journals or articles always discuss about the evaluation and or controlling in any framework at the end of process. And the average-based analysis tools rely on Balance Score Card. However, for the unit of analysis in the form of a portfolio of business, it is not applicable enough for shareholders. Moreover, there are no analysis in strategic management tool that adopts the behavioral finance in the behavior of corporate management.

Jack Welch Matrix offers an analysis tool that measures the attributes Results and Behavior. Inspired by Jack Welch matrix, this article proposing a model of two-dimensional analysis tool exploring Key Performance Indicators (KPI) and Business Ethics. KPI is a compilation of stakeholders expectations, while the Business Ethics is an expression of ethics performance in order to achieve the Business Results.

SMEC model will generate performance criteria that can be used as a basis in determining and implementing the Corporate Strategic Direction. Direction is applicable to business and portfolio of SBU management and or its affiliated companies in the portfolio.

Topic: Theoretical, Sociology and Economics, Comparative and Historical Studies


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